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Issues at Operating Uranium Mines and Mills - Africa

(last updated 14 Sep 2021)


(Maps and boundary data are copyrighted by FOTW - Flags Of The World web site)

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> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Areva en Afrique, Une face cachée du nucléaire français , par Raphaël Granvaud, Dossiers Noirs 24, Agone, 15 février 2012, 300 pages (in French)
> Download 4-page leaflet (in French)

Uranium from Africa. Mitigation of Uranium Mining Impacts on Society and Environment by Industry and Governments , A joint report by WISE and SOMO, Amsterdam, June 2011, 104 p. (1.89M PDF) [covers the situation in Namibia, South Africa, and the Central African Republic]

Radioactive Revenues: Financial Flows between Uranium Mining Companies and African Governments , by Albert ten Kate & Joseph Wilde-Ramsing, SOMO/WISE, March 2011


Malawi   flag


> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning

> See also: Mining in Malawi blog


Kayelekera mine (currently mothballed)

(also called Kayerekera)

> View deposit info

Mining licence renewed for mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On Sep. 14, 2021, Lotus Resources Limited announced the renewal of the company's mining and exploration licences for its Kayelekera Project. The Mining Licence, ML0152, which was signed by the Honourable Rashid Abdul Gaffar, Minister of Mines, on 1 September 2021 in accordance with the Mines and Minerals Act, has been renewed for 15 years.

Feasibility Study underway for restart of mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On Sep. 8, 2021, Lotus Resources announced that it has commenced a Definitive Feasibility Study for the restart of its Kayelekera Uranium Project, expected to be completed by mid-2022.

Scoping Study issued for restart of mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On Oct. 20, 2020, Lotus Resources released the results of a scoping study for the restart of the Kayelekera uranium mine, indicating "C1 cash costs of US$33/lb U3O8 with average production of 2.4Mlbs U3O8 [923 t U] per annum1, and multiple opportunities identified to further reduce these costs [...].".

Water treatment plant at mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine shut down and decommissioned: On July 9, 2020, Lotus Resources Ltd made an announcement on cost reduction in care and maintenance cost guidance at the mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine, including the following: "Water treatment plant is shut down and fully decommissioned." and "Water management will be based on a more cost-effective evaporation system."

Heavy rainfall results in release at mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: Prior to the sale, quarterly activities focused on routine C&M activities. Record levels of rainfall during March 2020 resulted in a relatively minor release of rainfall runoff water. The runoff was continuously monitored, analysed and found to be lower than World Health Organization compliance and statutory license limits for uranium and other contaminants in the river system. (Paladin Energy Apr. 30, 2020)

Sale of Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine to Lotus Resources completed: On March 13, 2020, Paladin Energy Ltd announced the completion of the sale of its Kayelekera uranium mine to Lotus Resources Ltd. On the same day, Paladin Energy Ltd became the holder of 14.46% of Lotus Resources Ltd.

Ministry Consent issued for sale of Paladin's majority stake in mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On Mar. 2, 2020, Paladin Energy Limited announced that the Minister of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining and the Minister for Finance, Economic Planning and Development in Malawi have now provided the outstanding Ministry Consent (Contractual) required for the completion of the sale of its 85% interest in Paladin (Africa) Ltd to Lotus Resources Limited (65%) and Lily Resources Pty Ltd (20%).
The completion of the sale is now subject to one final condition precedent being Reserve Bank of Malawi approval, which is expected to follow this Ministry consent and be received on or before 13 March 2020.

Ministry approves sale of Paladin's majority stake in mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On Dec. 20, 2019, Lotus Resources Ltd announced that Malawi's Minister for Natural Resources, Energy and Mining has given Statutory Consent for Paladin Energy Limited to divest its 85% interest in the Kayelekera uranium project to Lotus Resources Limited (65%) and Kayelekera Resources Pty Ltd (20%).

Paladin again overstates discharges from mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine by a factor of 1000: In its Sustainability Report 2019, Paladin repeats the error made in the edition for the previous year: it states the total discharges from the Kayelekera mine to the Sere River as 541,482 Megalitres per year, overstating the actual discharges by a factor of 1000. The uranium concentration in the discharged water was 11 micrograms per litre.
So, apparently nobody is checking the company's reports before publication. And, this raises the question whether other figures might be understated by a similar factor? What is the value of a report, if its figures cannot be trusted at all?
> Download: Paladin Energy Ltd: Sustainability Report 2019 , Nov. 19, 2019 (1.4MB PDF)

Paladin to sell its interest in mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On June 24, 2019, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that it has agreed to sell its 85% interest in the Kayelekera uranium mine to Lotus Resources Pty Ltd , a joint venture of Hylea Metals Limited (76.5%) and Chichewa Resources Pty Ltd (23.5%).

Paladin acting big: mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine discharged over 1.1 billion cubic metres of treated water into Sere River, according to 2018 Sustainability Report: Between 1 July 2017 and 30 June 2018, Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine discharged 1,187,293 Megalitres of treated water into the Sere River. Or, at least, this is what the company's latest Sustainability Report declares. It remains the secret of the company, however, why it apparently states a figure that is 1000 times the actual figure.
The uranium concentration of the discharged water was 6.5 micrograms per litre.
> Download: Paladin Energy Ltd: Sustainability Report 2018 (1.5MB PDF)

Paladin: currently no water treatment necessary at mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On Oct. 19, 2018, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that no water treatment was carried out during the quarter ending Sep. 30, 2018, "as target levels [were] achieved for all water storage ponds." The water treatment plant is, however, being prepared for treatment of water for the 2018/2019 wet season.

India considers uranium imports from Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera mine: Malawi and India are engaged in negotiations for a possible uranium deal which could see India importing the yellow cake from Kayelekera Uranium Mine in Karonga. Secretary to the Treasury Ben Botolo and Indian High Commissioner Suresh Kumar Menon said in separate interviews yesterday that the two countries were discussing the possible deal. A breakthrough in the talks would give a new lease of life into a venture whose operations were suspended in 2015 due to a slump in global prices for uranium. The talks also come at a time the 15-year contract between Malawi Government and current majority shareholder in the mine, Australian-listed Paladin Energy Limited, is nearing the end.
In an interview, Botolo said he was aware of the negotiations between the two sides, but requested for more time to respond to questions on the matter. But Menon exclusively told The Nation that while there was no investment proposal or mine development plan from the Indian Government, New Delhi has requested Lilongwe to provide a technical report on the matter. (Malawi Nation Jan. 24, 2018)

Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine to resume operations in a month's time, Minister: Minister of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining Bright Msaka Wednesday (Feb. 15) told parliament that Kayerekera uranium mine which stopped its operations in 2015, will resume its operations in a month's time. (Nyasa Times Feb. 16, 2017)

Is a mine wall failure the reason for Paladin's rejection of visitors to the mothballed Kayelekera mine site?:
> View satellite image of Kayelekera mine on Google Maps (Sep. 10, 2016)

Paladin and Malawi government reject request to disclose water monitoring data of Kayelekera uranium mine: According to a report on BBC News Jan. 25, 2017, the mining company Paladin as well as the government of Malawi have turned down requests to disclose the results of water monitoring performed in the surroundings of the currently mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine, leaving residents deeply worried.
> Watch BBC News video , Jan. 25, 2017


Visiting Tanzanians arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine

Visiting Tanzanians near Kayelekera uranium mine set free with suspended sentences: The magistrate court in Mzuzu has given a suspended four months sentence to 8 Tanzanian trespassers who were arrested in December last year. The court has ordered the ministry of home affairs to immediately facilitate their repatriation to their home country. Wilbert Mahundi and seven others were last week convicted of Criminal Trespassing and carrying out a reconnaissance operation without a permit at Kayerekera Uranium mine in Karonga. (Malawi Times Apr. 12, 2017)

Malawi court convicts visiting Tanzanians near Kayelekera uranium mine on criminal trespass: A magistrate court in the northern city of Mzuzu has convicted eight Tanzanian national in the infamous Kayelekera uranium mine spies case who were facing criminal trespassing charges.
Eight Tanzanians were arrested in December for allegedly going to Kayelekera Uranium mine without government consent. They were charged with criminal trespassing charge and other related charges.
Chief resident Magistrate for the north, Texious Masoamphambe said by entering the premises of Kayelekera without the knowledge of the uranium miners, Paladin, the Tanzanians committed an offence of criminal trespassing and carrying out a reconnaissance operation without permit or license which against Section 314 (1) of the Penal Code and Section 2 of Mines and Minerals Act.
Masoaphambe said he will pass his sentence on April 12. (Nyasa Times Apr. 4, 2017)

Human rights group exposes arbitrary detainment of visiting Tanzanians near Kayelekera uranium mine for more than three months: "The court proceedings in the case of Malawi against 8 Tanzanian environmental defenders have shown without doubt that the 8 persons detained had been lured into a trap set up by Malawi authorities, they were then arrested under the pretense of 'trespassing'; 5 Malawian accompanyiing them, arrested at the very same spot, were set free again immediately.
Another alleged charge refering to 'carrying out a reconnaissance activity' re: mineral resources - with a vacuum (thermos) flask and a pH-testing-paper as pieces of evidence - proofed to be completely unsubstantiated after the Director of Mines in the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining, called as a witness by the state prosecutor, confessed in court on 22. February that all the suspects did not need any licence for the activities planned (which they never were able to carry out).
The court case has been postponed 8 times, and the final ruling was postponed twice for three weeks each time. [...]" (uranium-network.org)
> Download: Report on 8 Tanzanian Environmental and Human Rights Defenders arbitrarily detained in Malawi since 22. Dec. 2017 , Menschenrechte 3000 e.V., Feb. 28, 2017, and updated Mar. 16, 2017 (1MB PDF)
> See also: Why Malawi's case against the Tanzanian eight is a travesty of justice , by David Fig, The Conversation, April 2, 2017

State prosecutor's witnesses fail to substantiate charges against visiting Tanzanians arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine:
> Download: Report on the continuation of court case against 8 Tanzanians detained in Malawi, on 13. and 14. February 2017, by Bright Phiri & Nicely Msowoya (206k PDF)

Human rights groups call for release of visiting Tanzanians arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine: After more than three weeks of allegations in the media, about eight Tanzanian citizens who are being held by the Malawian authorities for being suspected of committing the offence of criminal trespass at Kayelekera Uranium mine at Karonga District in Malawi, recent reports say the accusations have changed. According to Tanzanian human rights organisations who are following up the matter, the accusations have kept on changing repeatedly from "trespassing" to "collecting confidential information without permission" to "espionage or spying" - and back again to "trespassing" and "carrying out a reconnaissance operation without permit".
Tanzania Human rights defenders coalition in collaboration with other human rights organisations such as the Business and Human Rights Tanzania (BHRT) have therefore called on the government of Tanzania to issue an ultimatum to Malawian government to release them. The organisations have also called on the government of Malawi to stop mistreating the eight Tanzanians in prison and postponing their case unnecessarily saying the rule of law should be strictly observed. (The Guardian (Tanzania) Feb. 15, 2017)

Visiting Tanzanians arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine face harassment: Human rights organizations based in Tanzania raised concern on Sunday (Feb. 12) over what they described as harassment of Tanzanians detained in Malawi over alleged trespassing and reconnaissance. The eight Tanzanians were arrested in December last year in the border district of Karonga after they reportedly tried to enter a uranium mine in Malawi. It was later reported that they were taken to court. "They are being mistreated and denied legal and humanitarian rights," said lawyers of the Tanzania Human Rights Defenders Coalition (THRDC) and the Tanzania Business and Human Rights Organization (TBHRO).
Flaviana Charles, TBHRO Executive Director, said a team of lawyers from TBHRO and their counterparts in Malawi investigated the matter for three weeks since December 29, and found that the Tanzanians were being mistreated. She told a news conference in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam that the detained Tanzanians were being denied private communication with families and lawyers. "Since their mobile phones and laptops have been surrendered to the police, communication to families and lawyers have been restricted," said Charles. She added: "They also can't spend their money to buy food and water as allowed by law." Onesmo Olengurumwa, THRDC national coordinator, said Tanzania should press for the release of its eight citizens without conditions. (Xinhua Feb. 12, 2017)

Human rights organisations launch appeal on behalf of visiting Tanzanians arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine:
> View: "HUMAN RIGHTS 3000" Working Group uranium-network.org demands Release of 8 Tanzanian Cooperants detained in Malawi, Jan. 23, 2017
> Download: uranium-network.org fordert Freilassung von acht in Malawi inhaftierten tansanischen Partnern (67k PDF - in German)
> View: Continued detention of eight Tanzanian environmental defenders, and intimidatory acts against their lawyers , Jan. 20, 2017 (Front Line Defenders)

Visiting Tanzanians arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine denied bail: The Mzuzu Chief Residents Magistrate Tecious Masoyamphambe has on Tuesday (Jan. 17) denied bail to the eight Tanzanian nationals who were arrested on 20 December last year at Kayerekera Uranium Mine Site in Karonga on allegations of criminal trespsass. (Nyasa Times Jan. 18, 2017)

Visiting Tanzanians arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine were not even trespassing, not to mention spying, lawyer: In a statement released on Jan. 10, 2017, advocate Bright Phiri clarified that the eight Tanzanians still imprisoned in Malawi were arrested on Dec. 20, 2016, when leaving the lodge where they had spent the night. So they even haven't had any chance to commit any trespassing they still are charged with.
> Download: Commons for EcoJustice Media Briefing, by Bright Phiri, Jan. 10, 2017 (923k PDF)

Visiting Caritas workers from Tanzania arrested near Kayelekera uranium mine: A statement issued by Tanzania's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and East African Co-operation yesterday [...] refuted reports that eight Tanzanians who were recently arrested in neighbouring Malawi, were not spies but rather workers of CARITAS Tanzania based in Songea, Ruvuma Region, an aid agency of the Catholic Church.
Media reports from Malawi last week alleged that authorities in that country had arrested eight Tanzanian 'spies' near the Kayerekera Uranium Mine. In the press statement yesterday, which refuted the claims of Tanzania sending spies to Malawi, the government said it was working through its High Commission in Lilongwe to address the matter as the eight Tanzanians are still remanded in Mzuzu Prison in that country.
According to media reports from Malawi, the eight Tanzanians were arrested on suspicion that they were sent by the government of Tanzania to find out whether Malawi was making nuclear weapons from the uranium mine.
"After the reports emerged, the ministry, through our High Commission in Malawi, made a follow-up and established the truth that the arrested Tanzanians worked for CARITAS Tanzania in Songea. The Tanzanians were arrested by security agencies at Karonga District in Malawi, which borders Kyela District in Tanzania. They are now being charged with criminal trespass. It explained further that after communicating with CARITAS, the government was informed that the eight Tanzanians had travelled to Malawi to find out effects of uranium mining at the Kayerekera site. [...]," the statement said. (Daily News (Tanzania) Dec. 30, 2016)

Note: The Tanzanians are from the area where the Mkuju River uranium mine is planned.


Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine needs a breakeven price of US$ 58/lb U3O8 to reopen, study: An assessment published by OpenOil showed that the Kayelekera uranium mine needs a breakeven price of US$ 58/lb U3O8 to reopen, while the October 2016 uranium spot price is US$ 20-26/lb U3O8.
> Kayelekera Model & Narrative Report (OpenOil, Nov. 9, 2016)

26 Tanzanian scholars barred from visiting Kayelekera Uranium mine site: The Malawi Immigration department at Songwe border in Karonga barred 26 Tanzanian students of Moravian University of Theology based in Tukuyu from visiting Kayerekera Uranium Mine Site on Tuesday (Oct. 11) over the Lake disagreement between the two neighboring countries. The students' visitation at the mine site was aimed at seeing the economic impact of the mine to the community as well as the nation as a whole.
According to the Secretary General of the Moravian Church, Rev Leman Jere who led the group, the development was a surprise to them. "We already agreed with the Kayerekera officials before the day but we were flabbergasted to see that the Malawi Immigration department blocked the students saying it was because of security issues," said Jere. (Maravi Post Oct. 12, 2016)

Paladin sued for Kayelekera uranium mine's damage to miners' health and environment: A human rights body in Malawi has sued Paladin Africa Limited (PAL) for alleged grave damage the Kayelekera Uranium Mine has caused to some miners and the surrounding communities in Karonga district. The Centre for Human Rights and Rehabilitation (CHRR) is accusing PAL of not prioritising the welfare of its employees and the communities. It has been revealed that Kayelekera Uranium Mine has negatively impacted not only on the natural resources like land, water and aquatic life but also on the lives of many people who have developed different forms of physical disorders on their bodies. (Capital Radio Malawi June 23, 2016)

Security guards at mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine down tools over poor working conditions: The security staff at Kayerekera uranium mine in Karonga the northern part of Malawi on Thursday (June 16) started boycotting their work due to poor working condition. (Nyasa Times June 17, 2016)

Floodings at Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine raise water contamination fears: The continuing heavy rains in Karonga have resulted in the flooding of Paladin's Kayerekela Uranium Mine tailing dams, a development that has sent shivers of apprehension among water users in the district. The dams empty into the Sere River which feeds into the Rukuru River and the Lake Malawi. (Nyasa Times Apr. 15, 2016)
[However, the picture attached to the article appears to show a water retention pond rather than a tailings dam.]

On Apr. 18, 2016, Paladin clarified that an overflow occured from a rainfall runoff water catchment pond, while the freeboard levels of the tailings dam remain within the approved operating design criteria.

Communities oppose discharge of treated waste water from Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine into public rivers: Communities living along the northern part of Lake Malawi in Karonga district have launched a spirited campaign to stop Uranium Miner Paladin Africa Limited from dumping 'toxic' waste into Lake Malawi. They say the move will put people’s lives at risk and damage the environment.
But Paladin Africa Limited counter argues that it commenced the release of the treated waste in compliance with the licence criteria set by the Malawi government and also World Health Organisation drinking water guidelines for uranium content. (Malawi24 July 10, 2015)

Paladin starts discharging treated waste water from mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine into public rivers: Few months after Paladin Africa Limited differed with civil society organizations (CSOs) and some chiefs in Karonga over the disposition of uranium wastes into public water, the company has started discharging the effluent into Sere River. The process is expected to take place for three months. Paladin decided to discharge the waste from its storage dam at Kayelekera because the dam was full, such that it could get flooded after heavy rains. (Malawi News Agency Apr. 23, 2015)

Independent radiation monitoring results published for Kayelekera uranium mine, indicating failure of Paladin's zero-discharge policy: In May 2012, independent radiation laboratory CRIIRAD collected samples and performed radiation measurements in the surroundings of the Kayelekera uranium mine. The results are presented in a report released on Feb. 22, 2015.
The sampling showed, in particular, elevated uranium concentrations in the water of the Champhanji creek which flows from the open pit mine to the Sere river. While the creek had already shown elevated concentrations before mining started, the current value of 5,230 µg U/L is more than 40 times higer, indicating an impact of the then operating uranium mine. Approx. 1.6 km downstream from the confluence with Sere River, a still elevated value of 42.8 µg U/L was found - exceeding the WHO recommendation for drinking water of 30 µg U/L. Further downstream in the North Rukuru river, the impact is much lower (1.45 µg U/L), but the uranium concentration is still higher than upstream from the uranium mine.
These findings are particularly disturbing in view of Paladin's initial intention to run the mine as a zero-discharge operation.
> Download: Impact of the Kayelekera uranium mine, Malawi, by Bruno Chareyron, EJOLT Report No. 21, Feb. 2015 (3.9MB PDF)

Paladin finally allows civil society organisations' long-denied site visit at Kayelekera mine; details of agreement with Malawi government still withheld: The Ministry of Natural resources, Energy and Mines facilitated a visit of civil society organisations (CSOs), chiefs and the people of Karonga to Kayerekera Uranium mine last week after they were initially denied entry to the mine recently.
Before departure, the CSOs requested that a checklist be produced to guide the visitors to the mine. In particular, they requested for a briefing on what was agreed between government and the company as contained in documents such as Environmental Impact Assessment report, among others. However, these documents were not provided, a development which irked the CSOs who argued that government was deliberately shielding the mine from some illicit activities. (BNL Times Jan. 19, 2014)

Storm damage causes spill at Paladin's mothballed Kayelekera uranium mine: On Jan. 7, 2015, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that the Kayelekera Mine suffered some "minor" storm damage during the night of 5 January 2015 when a 20-minute, high-intensity storm resulted in some 25 mm of rain falling at the Site. The resultant surge of stormwater caused the liner in the plant run-off tank to rupture, releasing up to 500 m3 of material to the bunded areas of the site. Up to 0.05m3 (50 litres) may have overtopped one of the containment bunds due to the nature of the rainfall event at the time.

On Feb. 10, 2015, Paladin Energy announced that sampling undertaken by Paladin and the Malawi's Water Resources Department showed that no contamination had occurred. The Company also obtained confirmation through analysis of duplicate water samples undertaken by an accredited, global and independent laboratory services group. The independent results confirmed the results obtained by Paladin from its own laboratory and those collected by the Malawi authorities.

Traditional authority demands more development efforts from mining investors: Paramount Chief Kyungu [Kyungu = traditional authority in Karonga District] in Malawi's northern border district of Karonga has vowed to lead the people in lobbying for developmental projects from mining investors, claiming that since the coming of the mining companies in the district people have not benefited anything.
Speaking during mining sensitization music show carried by Government on Saturday (Nov. 29), Kyungu said mines investors in Malawi steal the country's natural resources as well as spoiling the environment yet they leave the people poor.
(Nyasa Times Dec. 1, 2014)

NGOs warn Paladin against planned release of Kayelekera uranium mill tailings water into river used for drinking water: Karonga residents in conjunction with the civil society organizations have given Paladin Africa Ltd seven days ultimatum to reverse its decision to empty its tailings dam liquid wastes at Kayelekera uranium mine into Sere River which flows to Lake Malawi. Failing to adhere, the groups and Karonga residents have threatened to take legal action against the Australian uranium mining company which may include court injunction.
The development comes against a recent District executive meeting organized by the mining company where its Operations Manager Greg Walker announced that government has authorized Paladin to remove the said water which geologists claim has high levels of radiation into the Sere river which is the main source of drinking water for most people in Karonga. "The deal has already been signed between the company and government but we shall purify the water first before releasing it into the Sere River," Walker is reported to have said during the meeting.
However, the development has angered the Karonga community which has engaged the country's Natural Resource Justice Network Rink (NRJN), a grouping of 33 Civil Society Organizations dealing with mining and human rights issues to help it fighting the battle against Paladin's decision. In a statement released on 19th November 2014 [...], the stakeholders are demanding Paladin to immediately halt its decision and conform to the initial plan to build another tailings dam. (Nyasa Times Nov. 19, 2014)
Paladin Energy says discharging water from a tailings dam at its Kayelekera Uranium Mine into the North Rukuru River, a source of water for people in the Karonga District in the north of Malawi, poses no human or environmental hazards. All released water will be treated to meet local and internationally recognized standards, including World Health Organization drinking water guidelines for uranium content, the Perth, Australia-based company said in a statement published in the Daily Times newspaper. (Business Week Nov. 24, 2014)

Residents oppose reopening of Kayelekera uranium mine under current development agreement for lack of benefit for local district: Uranium miner Paladin Energy Ltd is facing resistance from residents of northern border district of Karonga on plans to reopen its Kayelekera mine, in Malawi, following the conditions that the company presented to the community this week. In his presentation Greg Walker Acting General Manager for Operations on Tuesday (Oct. 28) at the Karonga district chamber said Paladin will restart its operations on the production of uranium at Kayelekera on among other conditions that Malawian government should maintain the development agreement in place.
The sentiment angered the community which was in the chamber claiming that the current agreement does not benefit them despite the mine is in their district. (Nyasa Times Oct. 31, 2014)

Production ceases at Paladin's Kayelekera uranium mine: On May 27, 2014, Paladin announced that uranium production (including circuit inventory clean up) ceased at the Kayelekera Mine on 21 May. Production can be recommenced within a lead-time of about 9 months.

Kayelekera uranium mine not likely to reopen any time soon: Uranium miner Paladin Africa Limited (PAL) has said the Kayerekera Mine in Karonga is not likely to re-open any time soon. Responding to a Daily Times questionnaire PAL General Manager for International Affairs Greg Walker said global uranium price is still on the decline. "Given this further decline in the uranium spot price, the answer is 'no', we will not be opening any time soon. Paladin said in February that the company would not consider resuming production at Kayerekera Mine until the global uranium price reached at least US$75/lb and was sustainable at or above that level," he said. Walker said the current global uranium spot price is at US$29/lb.
He further said, currently the mine is in the sterilisation phase which is expected to be completed this month. "We are now in the final phase of this transition period and the processing plant will still produce some uranium oxide product during this time. PAL will continue to export until all such product has been removed from site," said Walker. (BNL Times May 15, 2014)

Uranium ore concentrate spilled in transport accident near Paladin's Kayelekera mine: Paladin Energy has reported a spill near one of its African mines, saying a truck carrying a container of uranium oxide from its Kayelekera mine in Malawi overturned while negotiating a curve in the road. The container fell loose and was punctured by a tree stump, the Perth-based miner said in a statement. An amount of uranium oxide concentrate - described by Paladin as a small quantity - spilled out. Paladin said both the spilled material and the soil that it came in touch with had been removed and taken back to the tailings dam at the mine. (Sydney Morning Herald Feb. 17, 2014)

Paladin's Kayelekera uranium mine suspends production until uranium price recovers: On Feb. 7, 2014, Paladin Energy announced it is suspending production at its Kayelekera Mine in Malawi. The suspension will involve placing the operation on care and maintenance until the price of uranium recovers.

Church group calls for assessment of alleged impact of Kayelekera uranium mine on water quality: The Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace (CCJP) of the Karonga Diocese has asked government to institute an impact assessment of uranium mining activities at Kayelekera in Karonga on the quality of water in the district.
Diocesan Justice and Peace Desk Officer for Karonga Mwawi Shaba said "that lack of knowledge on the current state of water since the uranium mining activities started in the district in 2006 has raised health fears among people of Karonga". "Some months ago fish started dying mysteriously in Lake Malawi here in Karonga and people started connecting this to uranium mining. People are blank on whether uranium mining activities have affected quality of water and that has raised feelings of health insecurity," said Shaba. (BNL Times Nov. 1, 2013)

Malawi government unable to verify allegations of radiation-induced diseases among Kayelekera uranium mine workers: Members of Malawi's Parliamentary Committee on Health on Tuesday (Sep. 24) took senior government officials to task over reports of radiation-related-health concerns at Kayelekera Uranium Mine. The committee summoned officials from the Ministry of Mining and the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Management for an explanation on the reports. The officials, led by Principal Secretary of Environment Yanra Mupunyama, Director of Environmental Affairs Aloysius Kamperewera and Director of Mining Charles Kaphwiyo, insisted that there has been no proof to quantify the claims. The absence of the evidence derives from the fact that the Malawi government does not have equipment or the experts to investigate the kind of allegations reported in the local media.
The officials further told the MPs that instead, government was relying on the assessments of the mine's owner Paladin Africa. "Due to uncertainties on radiation exposure and time of exposure was absorbed and the background of the persons' medical records, it is hard to establish whether the man for example who lost sight, did so due to radiation. We don't have the specialized equipment," said Kamperewera. (BNL Times Sep. 26, 2013)
> See also: Malawi fails to establish nuclear regulator

Fatal accident at Paladin's Kayelekera mine On July 30, 2013, an employee died in an accident in the mine's engineering workshop. (Paladin Energy Ltd July 31, 2013)

UN Special Rapporteur savages Malawi's deal with uranium miner Paladin Energy: United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Olivier De Schutter who was in Malawi for an assessment of the food situation in the country has rubbished Kayerekera uranium mine deal between Malawi and Australian Paladin Mining Company saying the Southern African country has had a raw deal that is robbing the poor.
The UN Rapporteur said the uranium mining deal was one of the investments in Malawi through which the country is losing resources that could otherwise make a difference in food security and other pro-poor initiatives. He said in the life span of the mine Malawi is expected to lose almost US$281 million.
"Mining companies are exempt from customs duty, excise duty, value added taxes on mining machinery, plant and equipment. They can also sign special deals on the rate of royalty owed to the government. I believe that there are more reasons that investors would come to Malawi without such incentives," he said.
He bemoaned that due to illicit financial flows, tax envasion as well as tax incentives that the country offer to both domestic and foreign companies currently Malawi was failing to get maximum use of its resources. De Schutter said that revenue losses from special tax incentives to Paladin Africa Mining alone are estimated at almost K67 billion (US$205 milion) since the mine started its operations and could reach almost K92 billion (US$281 million) over its13-year lifespan. "Paladin alone is costing the budget more than US$20 million (almost K8 billion) a year in taxes," he said.
> View: UN Human Rights release July 22, 2013
> View: End of mission statement by the Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Malawi 12 to 22 July 2013 , July 22, 2013

Malawi lost over US$ 12 million due to tax waivers for Kayelekera uranium mine, NGO report: The Malawi government is estimated to have lost at least K4.2 billion [US$ 12 million] in would-have-been revenue from the Kayerekera Uranium Mine as a result of tax waivers offered under the development agreement with the Australian company operating the mine.
This is contained in the report by the African Forum and Network on Debt and Development (Afrodad) following its analysis on costs, revenues and benefits of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Extractive Industry in Malawi, focusing on Kayelekera. In the report, Afrodad has raised several issues that it says have contributed to the country's low benefits from the mine and has since called on government to work at building capacity for monitoring as well as renegotiating the deal with Paladin Africa Limited (PAL). (Daily Times May 31, 2013)

Paladin reports further US$ 44.8 million writedown at Kayelekera mine: Uranium miner Paladin Energy has slashed a further US$ 44.8 million from the value of its Kayelekera mine in Malawi, taking writedowns for project over the past nine months to US$ 140.8 million. In its financial report for nine months to March 31, released after the market closed yesterday, Paladin blamed "continued uranium price weakness" for the writedown. (The West Australian May 15, 2013)

Malawi to renegotiate with Paladin on the Kayelekera uranium deal: Malawi has finally succumbed to pressure from activists to start re-negotiating with Paladin Africa Limited on the Kayerekera Uranium deal in a last ditch attempt to create a win-win situation. First on the proposal is to remove the confidentiality clause on the agreement such that it be made public before rectifying other strings within the deal. Minister of Mines Mr John Bande confirmed that discussions are underway with Paladin Africa Limited on the matter. (Malawi Today Apr. 14, 2013)

Paladin has US$10 million environmental bond for Kayelekera uranium mine: Australian Miner Paladin Energy Limited, operators of the Kayerekera Uranium Mine in Karonga district have a US$10 million Environmental Performance Bond with two commercial banks in Malawi to among other things cater for rehabilitation costs for signs of default during and after mine life. "Paladin has a MWK 3.9 Billion (US$10 Million) Performance Bond in place to satisfy the environmental obligations of Clause 18.14(a). This comprises a US$ 5 Million Performance Bond with Standard Bank Limited and US$ 5 Million Performance Bond with Nedbank Malawi Limited," Paladin General Manager for International Affairs Greg Walker told Nyasa Times in an email response. The bond, in the form of irrevocable letters of credit, will deal with issues like water and environment contamination and the eventual clean up.
Walker was reacting to media reports which erroneously insinuated that Paladin Africa Limited, and the Reserve Bank of Malawi are yet to establish the Bond, six years after signing the mining deal. (Nyasa Times Apr. 3, 2013)

Opposition party pushes Malawi government to re-negotiate 'stinking' deal with Paladin on Kayerekera mine: Opposition People's Transformation Party (PETRA) is making a strong appeal to government authorities to re-negotiate with immediate effect what it calls "stinking development agreement" between Malawi and the Australian-based mining company Paladin Africa Limited on Kayerekera uranium mine it is operating in the northern district of Karonga. PETRA's President Kamuzu Chibambo told reporters that the nature of the agreement reached between the two parties left a lot to be desired as it has a lot of loopholes which are not only largely unclear but also disadvantageous to Malawians as they are crafted for the benefit of the mining company alone. (Nyasa Times Mar. 5, 2013)

Paladin reports impairment of US$ 96 million at Kayelekera mine: Paladin reported an impairment of US$ 96 million at its Kayelekera mine, due to continued weakness in the uranium price, while also writing down US$ 98.2 million for de-recognition of the mine as a deferred tax asset. (WA Business News Feb. 15, 2013)

Paladin to retrench 110 workers at Kayelekera mine in "response to economic pressures": Australian uranium miner Paladin Energy would restructure the mining operations at Kayelekera in Karonga that would result in the retrenchment of 110 employees [representing an 18% staff reduction]. The miner confirmed to Nyasa Times when asked about the job cuts.
Paladin international affairs General Manager Greg Walker told Nyasa Times: "We have reviewed staff numbers and are retrenching 110 national employees." The development comes after the uranium miner reported that Kayelekera Mine output jumped 20.9 percent in the quarter ending December 2012. But Walker explained: "While production has gone up, the uranium price has not; hence Kayelekera continues to operate at a loss." In a statement made available to Nyasa Times, Paladin said the staff reduction is in "response to economic pressures on the Company caused by the continuing depressed uranium price". Walker said apart from the local staff expatriate positions are also being reduced by 24 per cent from 118 to 90. (Nyasa Times Jan. 25, 2013)

Paladin threatens anti-nuclear website owner with court action: The law firm Ashurst has been instructed to threaten a 75-year old pensioner who has spoken out against the alleged exploitation of African workers by an Australian uranium miner.
Noel Christina Macpherson Wauchope, who runs the website www.antinuclear.net under the name Christina Macpherson, told BusinessDay she was not in a position to hire lawyers. Wauchope said that she cut and pasted some articles from the Malawi press and posted them on her website. She collates press clippings from around the world, anything to do with uranium.
The price of Noel Wauchope's concern for the people [of] Karonga was a long and intimidating letter of demand from Ashurst on behalf of the uranium company Paladin Energy and its general manager of international affairs, Greg Walker. If she did not comply with these demands, warned Ashurst, she would face court action.
Paladin chief executive John Borshoff said he was unaware of the letter. "I'm not aware about a 75-year old lady," said Borshoff, "All I know is that these NGOs (Non-Government Organisations) and they are absolutely maligning us, and we sent them legal letters". (The Sydney Morning Herald Dec. 19, 2012)

Workers at Kayelekera uranium mine on strike over labour conditions: The local workers told Nyasa Times that they are demanding pay increase from the uranium producer Paladin. Workers downed their tools on Friday afternoon (May 11) halting production at the site. (Nyasa Times May 11, 2012)
On May 16, 2012, Paladin announced than an agreement in principle was achieved for a return to work by the striking Malawi employees.

Kayelekera uranium mill temporarily shut down due to delays in deliveries of sulphuric acid: On Oct. 4, 2011, Paladin Energy Ltd advised that the Kayelekera Mine processing plant has been shut down temporarily to allow replenishment of necessary operational sulphuric acid inventories. The acid plant has been undergoing remedial repair work made necessary due to localised ground movement. It is not possible to run the processing plant and at the same time restore acid stocks to sufficient levels with delays in recent acid deliveries to site.

Student found dead after critical publication alleged payments of Kayelekera uranium mine to Malawi president: A student of Polytechnic, a constituent college of the University of Malawi, who was very critical of President Bingu wa Mutharika and was being hunted down by police, has been found dead at his university campus. Robert Chasowa was in his fourth year of a course in Engineering at the Malawi Polytechnic. He was found lying down and his head oozing with blood. The students suspect regime thugs threw him from a tall building.
The deceased was a "wanted" man by security forces and has been in hiding after police came at the campus to quiz him over anti-Mutharika Youth for Freedom and Democracy (YFD) group whose scathing publication The Weekly Political Update has already seen police arrest some of the YFD members. Nyasa Times also understands that Police on Monday (Sep. 19) raided the home of 21-year old Black Moses, president of YFD whisking him away to an unknown location. He is apparently being questioned over the publication which is a one-paged numbered prose that uses critical language against Bingu wa Mutharika's authoritarian rule.
The Monday paper also alleged that Kayerekera Uranium mine is depositing about K14 million [US$ 83,690] to Mutharika's account and that central bank's governor Perks Ligoya own a fat account in Dubai. (Nyasa Times Sep. 24, 2011)
The death of a University of Malawi student activist who published a weekly newsletter critical of government policies has been ruled a suicide, police said on Sunday (Sep. 25). But many say they believe 25-year-old Robert Chasowa, a fourth-year engineering student at the Malawi Polytechnic was assassinated and the suicide aspect has been doctored. (Nyasa Times Sep. 25, 2011)
Chasowa's death 'not suicide', insists pathologist Dzamalala: Malawi's pathologist Dr Charles Dzamalala, who carried out a post-mortem on the body of a fourth year University of Malawi engineering student Robert Chasowa whose mysterious death police say, was a case of suicide, told Capital Radio's Straight Talk programme on Tuesday (Oct. 4) that his death was not suicide and that his yet-to-be released report will state so. (Nyasa Times Oct. 4, 2011)
Paladin paying Malawi's president? Australia's help sought to see records: Claims by a student activist who was found dead on his college campus have set in motion plans to petition the Australian government to have Paladin Energy Limited, an Australian mining company, to make public its records of financial transactions. "At the centre of the petition is an Australian Company operating in Malawi. It has been alleged that it has questionable dealings with some officials of the Government of Malawi," reads a letter sent to Australia Parliament's Petitions Committee Secretariat. "At least one person who made such allegations has died. The police quickly and conveniently for them, called his death suicide, [but] the local pathologist has opined otherwise," the group whose members would like their identity concealed at this time said. (Maravi Post Oct. 26, 2011)

Yellowcake drying and packaging plant at Kayelekera mine to be relocated due to "land slippage": On Aug. 26, 2011, Paladin Energy Ltd advised that the drying and packaging plant has been closely inspected for damage caused by localised movement related to previously advised land slippage. As a result Paladin determined that in the interests of safety it would be prudent to bring forward its existing plans to relocate the drying and packaging plant and this programme is now underway.
In the interim, Kayelekera will be producing yellowcake with higher moisture content than standard specification. Plans are in place to divert Kayelekera concentrates via its sister mine at Langer Heinrich in Namibia for final drying and packing en route to export from Walvis Bay in the normal manner.

Community group requests access to information on mining activities: A community task team from Malawi's northern region district of Karonga has petitioned government for access to information that will enable them to effectively monitor mining activities in the area for compliance with fundamental human rights and labour standards. They petitioned the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Environment, the Department of Environmental Affairs, the Department of Mines and the Ministry of Labour. The Karonga Natural Resources Justice Committee (KANRJC), which submitted the petition, was formed specifically to oversee natural resources and development issues that affect the general public in Karonga.
Their groundbreaking initiative seeks to use provisions in Malawi's environmental protection laws that guarantee citizens' access to information in order to protect their communities' health, environmental, property and labour rights. In particular, KANRJC seeks information on the operations at Kayelekera Uranium Mine and Mwabulambo Coal Mine. It is concerned for compliance with environmental and safety standards at the mines, land allocation for mining without proper compensation being provided to the dispossessed land owners and delivery on undertakings by the mining companies in terms of development agreements with the government of Malawi. (Nyasa Times August 25, 2011)

Coal-fired power plant demanded for Kayelekera uranium mine: Dedza North West MP Alekeni Menyani (MCP) on Monday (Jun. 20) advised Malawi Government to find an alternative source of energy for the Kayelekera Uranium Mine in Karonga. The MP said the use of diesel fuel in the mining of uranium is exerting pressure on the country's already low supplies of fuel.
"Government should seriously consider constructing a thermal electric plant run on coal dedicated for the uranium mining project right at the mining place. I believe that such a project will, without, fail ease the pressure currently being felt on fuel," he said. (Nation Jun. 22, 2011)

Truck driver dies in accident at Kayelekera uranium mine: A Tanzanian national, a driver, died at a fatal accident which occurred at Malawi's uranium mine, Kayelekera in Karonga, police and Paladin have confirmed. According to eye witnesses working on Saturday (Jun. 18), the truck caught fire with the impact but was extinguished with water from the 1 million litre water tank which it hit. (Nyasa Times Jun 19, 2011)

Kayelekera mine resumes production after one week disruption due to diesel fuel shortage: After experiencing a "severe shortage in availability of diesel due to foreign exchange constraints", Paladin announced on Feb. 21, 2011, that production resumes the same day.

Paladin Energy refuses disclosure of carbon footprint: view here

Paladin orders miners to work in Kayelekera mine in spite of shortage of dust masks: Malawian workers at Paladin's Kayerekera uranium mine in Karonga are living in a hazardous environment as they are working with no masks to protect their faces from potentially harmful dust. Nyasa Times under cover journalist who visited the Kayerekera mine on Friday September 23, 2010 found that most miners did not wear masks, and their hands and face were caked with uranium ore. The workers protested to management about the development.
But the geology superintendent of the mine, Johan De Bruin confirmed the lack of dust mask. In his email sent on September 23 to 9 workers, he ordered the staff that they cannot stop mining due to shortage of dust mask. He wrote that Barbour informed him that currently there is a huge shortage of the suppliers and that it will take a while to increase the stock levels again. "Mining is a 24 hour operation and cannot be stopped as a result of a shortage of available dust masks," said De Bruin in his email. He advised that as an interim arrangement, one dust mask will and must be used for more than one shift. (Nyasa Times Sep. 25, 2010)

Paladin targets first uranium deliveries to China in 2011: view here

Kayelekera mine reaches 50% of design capacity; full production expected by April: Paladin's Australian-based Chief Financial Officer Garry Korte said Kayelekera has so far achieved 50 percent of its planned production capacity. "Our design capacity is to produce 3.3 million pounds of uranium [1,269 t U] a year. So far, we are able to produce about 50 percent of our daily capacity. We hope to reach our full capacity by April this year," said Korte. (Daily Times March 1, 2010)

NGO warns about impending uranium tailings dam failures and mudslides caused by earthquakes and/or heavy rain: A South African-based non-governmental organisation, Bench Marks Foundation , has warned of impending ecological and human disasters in Karonga resulting from uranium mining and exposure to mudslides during rainy seasons. However, government has trashed the NGO's predictions, describing it as “misguided and unfounded” and only aimed at instilling fear among Malawians living in Karonga and the surrounding areas.
In its February 1, 2010 media statement titled “Malawi town, a disaster waiting to happen”, the Foundation warns that any earthquake severe enough to damage Paladin's operations will see a toxic poisonous mix flood down from the mountains above Karonga into Lake Malawi below. “The ecological and human disaster, which will follow will be unspeakable,” the Foundation's Executive Director John Capel says in the statement.
Karonga experienced a series of medium earthquakes that started in December 2009, but Paladin's operations survived this round of tremors. However, the Foundation warns that should the tremors increase in intensity, Paladin might be affected as well. The report by Bench Mark Foundation comes less than a month after the US geological experts dismissed sentiments that the Karonga earthquakes were connected to the uranium mining at Kayelekera in the district. (Sunday Times, Malawi, Feb. 7, 2010)

Malawi invites power firms to develop hydro power scheme for Kayelekera uranium mine: The Malawi government is inviting expressions of interest (EoIs) for the development of the Kayelekera North Rukuru river hydroelectric power project on an independent power producer (IPP) basis. The Malawi Energy Regulatory Authority (MERA) says that the successful bidder will be required to undertake feasibility studies for the project, expected to supply power to the nearby Kayelekera uranium mine. (Engineering News Nov. 27, 2009)

Paladin plans extension of Kayelekera uranium mine: On Oct. 29, 2009, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that is to conduct an optimisation study at Kayelekera whereby it intends exploiting some additional resource by extending the west wall of the current planned pit. This study will be targeting an increased production rate of 3.8 Mlb U3O8 [1,462 t U] pa (from current 3.3 Mlb U3O8 [1,269 t U] pa) with minimal capital requirement (estimated at US$10-$15M) by utilising existing excess capacity. It is expected this production rate will be achieved by mid calendar 2012.

Malawi government ignorant of uranium tonnage exported by Paladin's Kayelekera mine: Government is yet to know about the quantity of Uranium exported by Paladin Africa last month. Paladin is mining uranium at Kayelekera in Karonga. The company exported its first uranium last month, but Energy and Natural Resources Minister Grain Malunga says his ministry is yet to be briefed about the quantity exported. "We will come back to you once we have the figures," he said.
Uranium has become one of the most sensitive minerals in this era of nuclear energy and power, and government may be taken to task by the International Atomic Energy Agency for not following up of exported quantity. IAEA calls for strict monitoring and handling of uranium to prevent it from falling into unsafe hands, possibly terrorists. (Nyasa Times Oct. 23, 2009)

Kayelekera mine starts exporting uranium: Malawi has started exporting uranium, which is going through Zambia before departure for overseas using the Walvis Bay of Namibia. Paladin Africa has confirmed the development.
Paladin deputy country manager, Werner Messidat told Bizcommunity that one container was shipped in August and two more have followed recently. "The product, which was sent there, will be sent together with other products from our sister company from Namibia, which will be shipped, together to Canada," said Messidat. He said since they are looking to be at full production by end of December from next year, this will be a monthly exercise, as they will be shipping two shipments per month. "We will be sending three containers at a time but the target will be to send six containers each month," he said. (Bizcommunity 21 Oct 2009)

Fourth death this year at Paladin's Kayelekera mine: Uranium producer Paladin Energy Ltd has reported a fatality at its Kayelekera mine in northern Malawi, the fourth this year at the site. The company said in a statement on Thursday that an employee had died at the mine as a result of a mini-bus rollover on Wednesday (Oct. 7). Paladin said 19 people including the driver were injured, with 15 admitted to hospital. Paladin advised on August 25 that a construction contractor had died at the mine, also as a result of a motor vehicle incident. The company reported on April 5 that two sub-contractors had died in a flash fire at the mine construction site. (The Sydney Morning Herald Oct. 8, 2009)

Malawi's draft uranium regulations "essentially a self-regulation system": view here

Kayelekera uranium exports to start September 2009: Uranium exports from the Kayelekera Uranium Mine in Karonga are expected to start next month following months of trial processing and production at the mine since the official opening of the mine by President Bingu wa Mutharika on April 17 this year. In a company report filed with the Australian Stock Exchange last week, Paladin Energy Limited managing director John Borshoff told investors that Kayelekera Mine was in its final development stages and that trial production started at the mine in June. "By June, projected production was reached at the mine and desired performance was reached and was on schedule," said Borshoff, adding, "Commercial production at the mine will start early September and first production is planned for shipping out towards the end of the same month." Borshoff said the company had so far invested US$167 million at the mine in Karonga and that when fully developed; the mine will produce 3.3 million lb of uranium [1269 t U] for the export market. According to Borshoff, 34,600 lb of tradable yellow-cake uranium [13.3 t U] by-product had been produced from the mine by June. (The Daily Times 5 August 2009)

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General · Rössing · Langer Heinrich · Husab

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Husab and Rössing uranium mines plagued by inconsistent desalinated water supply

Swakop Uranium Mine says it has lost N$1.9 billion [US$ 103 million] over the past two years because of a French state-owned nuclear company's inconsistent water supply. This mine is not the only one complaining. Rössing Uranium is also experiencing irregular water supply from the Orano Desalination Plant, which purifies sea water. Both mines are owned by the Chinese government, and both buy water from Orano through the national water company NamWater. The water plant is fully owned by French nuclear state company Orano, previously known as Areva.
Orano Mining Namibia spokesperson Christine de Klerk attributed the water interruptions to the sea's sulphur levels. During 2019 and the first part of this year there were higher than normal levels of sulphur along the coast, De Klerk said. "When sulphur levels are elevated the plant is shut down before it can enter the process and cause damage. Once the sulphur levels are back to normal, plant operation continues," she told The Namibian last week. (The Namibian Apr. 7, 2020)

Namibia plans to expand electricity capacity with renewables

Namibia's power utility NamPower plans to add 220 MW in new electricity capacity by 2023, as the uranium-producing southwest African nation seeks to wean itself off imports, its managing director said on Wednesday (July 24). Namibia, which has installed capacity of 606 MW, is a net importer of electricity mainly from neighbouring countries like Zambia and South Africa. NamPower's managing director Simson Haulofu said the utility would construct wind, solar and biomass generators in the central and coastal regions to deliver 150 MW. Another 70 MW would be procured from independent power producers, Haulofu said while launching NamPower's business plan for the period 2019 to 2023 in the capital, Windhoek. (Reuters July 24, 2019)

Groups oppose proposed shipping of Namibian uranium through South African ports

> View here

Several mines in Namibia operate with expired waste water permits

Windhoek-Auditor-General Junias Kandjeke has discovered that 62 percent - eight out of 12 - [?!] of the permits issued to mineral rights holders operating in the //Karas and Erongo Regions have expired. The Department of Water Affairs in the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry issues five-year Waste Effluent Disposal Exemption Permits (WEDEP) and the renewal should be done within three months before expiry. At the time of the audit, it was found that the directorate did not adequately ensure that mineral rights holders have valid WEDEP. These mines were also found to be in contravention of the Environmental Management Act of 2007, as they are disposing waste into the environment.
These revelations are contained in the 2011/12-2014/2015 financial reports regarding the Monitoring of Pollution and Environmental Rehabilitation of Mining Sites within the Ministry of Mines and Energy and that of Environment and Tourism that Kandjeke audited. Kandjeke said, as a result, the non-renewal of permits could increase the rate of non-compliance, which could lead to contamination of water resources because the water quality is not tested to ensure compliance to Namibian water quality standards. Some of those found to be contravening the Environmental Management Act of 2007 include Namdeb, Elizabeth Bay Diamond Mine, Rössing Uranium Mine, Swakop Uranium, Valencia Uranium Mine.
Some of the miners found with valid mining permits include Skorpion Zinc, Rosh Pinah Corporation, Walvis Bay Salt Refinery/Salt & Chemicals and Langer Heinrich Uranium. Rössing Uranium also had one valid permit although the other one had expired. (New Era Sep. 29, 2017)

Areva's Trekkopje desalination plant to supply water to three other uranium mines via Namwater

Areva SA's Namibian unit will sign a 10-year deal this month with a state-run utility to maintain water supplies essential to uranium mines in the country owned by companies including Rio Tinto Group and Paladin Energy Ltd. The agreement with Namibia Water Corp. will be completed at the end of June, Hilifa Mbako, managing director of the Paris-based nuclear company's local unit, said in an interview.
Areva runs a 20 million cubic meter desalination plant in the semi-arid Erongo region west of the capital Windhoek that supplies Rio's Rössing Uranium Ltd., Paladin's Langer Heinrich mine and China General Nuclear Power Holding Corp.'s Husab site under a temporary deal expiring in October. The new agreement will mean Areva supplies Namibia Water, or Namwater, which will then distribute it to customers. (Bloomberg June 5, 2014)

Areva said to offer to sell Trekkopje water desalination plant to Namibia; Areva denies

Areva SA, the world's largest nuclear-reactor builder, offered to sell its 3 billion Namibian dollar (US$ 276 million) desalination plant in the African nation to the government, a person with knowledge of the matter said.
Areva would retain a 10 percent to 20 percent stake in the plant to guarantee water supply to the French company's planned Trekkopje uranium mine, said the person who asked not to be named because the offer hasn't been made public. Namibia's government hasn't yet responded to the offer made through state-owned utility Namibia Water Corp., the person said. Julien Duperray, a spokesman for Areva, based in the Paris suburb of La Defense, didn't immediately respond to calls seeking comment. Namibia Water couldn't immediately be reached for comment. (Bloomberg Jan. 17, 2014)
AREVA, the French nuclear firm, says it is not selling its desalination plant in the Erongo Region, despite some international and local media reports to the contrary. "Areva is not selling or pulling out of the desalination plant," Areva country manager Hilifa Mbako said in an interview yesterday. Mbako explained that what Areva had decided to do was to look for a new local partner for the plant. "We have identified NamWater as a possible partner and we are in negotiations with them, but matters being discussed are confidential at the moment," Mbako said.
Mbako said the plant is supplying water to NamWater and Swakop Uranium, which is developing the Husab uranium mine and the Rössing Uranium mine. (Namibian Feb. 13, 2014)

Uranium mines in Namibia face water shortage

Uranium mines operated by companies including Rio Tinto Plc and Paladin Energy Ltd. in Namibia face a water shortage as a drought in the southwest African nation curbs supply to the operations and three coastal towns.
Volumes from the Omaruru Delta acquifer, about 200 kilometers (124 miles) northwest of the capital, Windhoek, have declined to 4 million cubic meters this year from 9 million cubic meters a year earlier, said Nehemia Abraham, under-secretary for water and forestry in the Ministry of Agriculture. The source is in the semi-arid Erongo region, which supplies the towns of Swakopmund, Walvis Bay and Henties Bay and suffers from severe shortages. Water from a desalination plant owned by Areva SA (AREVA), the country's first such facility, isn't enough to meet needs of Paladin's Langer Heinrich uranium mine, China Guangdong Nuclear Power Co.'s Husab uranium project and Rio's Rössing complex.
"The water-supply situation at the coastal area has become too critical," Abraham said by phone yesterday. "Mining companies in the area will have to operate with less water. We are reviewing the situation now and from end of November we might be unable to get enough water from the aquifer to supply to mines." (Bloomberg Nov. 18, 2013)

Areva's Trekkopje desalination plant to supply water to three other uranium mines

The desalination plant built by Areva near Wlotzkasbaken for its proposed Trekkopje uranium mine is to supply water to the Rössing, Langer Heinrich and Husab uranium mines (the latter still under construction), and to the coastal towns. With the Trekkopje mine project currently on hold, Areva is expected to sign an agreement with Namwater next week. The desalinated water is to replace groundwater currently pumped in excessive amounts from the Omdel aquifer. The current consumption of the three mines is 4.5 million cubic metres per year. (Allgemeine Zeitung July 26, 2013)
On Aug. 14, 2013, Areva announced that a first contract with Namibia Water Corporation Ltd (NamWater) has been signed.

Water supply for Namibia's uranium mines reduced by 25% in view of water shortage in central coastal area

On March 25, 2011, NamWater announced that the water supply to the uranium mines will be reduced by 25%. This affects the mines to varying degrees: Rössing hopes to maintain normal production by replacing freshwater in the mill wherever possible and by avoiding any non-essential consumption. Paladin's Langer Heinrich mine is not affected, as it has collected more than 500,000 cubic metres of rain water in two open pits during the past two weeks; and, Areva's Trekkopje mine is not affected, as it is fed with water supplied by its own desalination plant. (Allgemeine Zeitung Mar. 28, 2011)

Water crisis in Swakopmund; uranium mines also affected

Two leaks in the Omdel water pipeline led to a serious water shortage in the city of Swakopmund beginning from Jan. 22, 2010. Apparently, the Rössing and Langer Heinrich uranium mines had been notified of the imminent shortage by NamWater, while residents were not informed. (Allgemeine Zeitung Jan. 25, 2010)
Uranium production came to a standstill at the Rössing and Langer Heinrich uranium mines on Feb. 1 and 2 due to water shortage. Water supply gradually returned on Feb. 3. Areva's Trekkopje mine (under construction) will have to wait until Feb. 5. (Republikein Feb. 4, 2010)

Police seizes 170 kg of stolen uranium

The Erongo Police on Friday (Sep. 4) arrested three suspects for being in possession of, and allegedly wanting to deal in, 170 kg (375 pounds) of uranium oxide (U3O8). (Namibian Sep 8, 2009)

> See also U.S. concerned about trafficking of uranium mined at Rössing

Erongo Region faces serious water shortage; Rössing and Langer Heinrich uranium mines temporarily without water

A severe water shortage is staring the Erongo Region in the face. This fact was demonstrated when two of Namibia's largest mines, Rössing Uranium and Langer Heinrich, were without water for two days a few weeks ago and Swakopmund's reservoir at one stage held only 500 cubic metres of water (the town needs about 11,000 cubic metres a day). Swakopmund Council CEO, Eckart Demasius, stated that the region was experiencing a water shortage. Demasius said the problem was exacerbated by the current condition of the Omdel water-supply system, which is an integral water source for Swakopmund, Arandis, Rössing Uranium and Langer Heinrich, along with the Kuiseb River's Swartbank system, which mostly feeds Walvis Bay. He said pipe-bursts in the Omdel-system caused the Rössing and Langer Heinrich mines to be without water for two days.
Langer Heinrich Managing Director, Wyatt Buck, confirmed that mining was stopped for two days recently, causing revenue losses of nearly N$8 million (US$1 million). "Rössing's operations were not impacted as this was at a time when the mine had a planned two-week maintenance shutdown, with no production," Jerome Mutumba, External Affairs Manager at Rössing Uranium, said. (Namibian July 23, 2009)



> see extra page


Langer Heinrich (currently mothballed)

> View deposit info

Paladin announces Prefeasibility Study results for restart of mothballed Langer Heinrich uranium mine

On Oct. 14, 2019 Paladin Energy Ltd announced that it estimates the initial capital for the rapid restart to be US$80M.
Upon restart, Langer Heinrich would have a production capacity on average of 5.2Mlb pa [2,000 t U/a] while processing high and medium grade ores for approximately an eight-year period (after a 12-month ramp-up period) followed by a production capacity of 2.7Mlb pa [1,038 t U/a] while processing low grade ores for approximately 12 years. This would result in an average life of mine All in Sustaining Cost of approximately US$33/lb.
In addition, Paladin has identified opportunities to significantly debottleneck existing mining and mineral processing operations for a modest and discretionary additional capex of approximately US$30M to achieve an increase in production capacity to 6.5Mlb pa [2,500 t U/a].

On June 30, 2020, Paladin Energy Ltd announced the results of the Mine Restart Plan, confirming that the mine can be brought back into production for US$81M of pre-production cash expenditure.

Paladin to commence Prefeasibility Study for restart of mothballed Langer Heinrich uranium mine

On Feb. 26, 2019, Paladin Energy Limited announced it will commence a Prefeasibility Study (PFS) for the restart of the Langer Heinrich uranium mine after a concept study completed by the Company identified multiple options to reduce operating costs, improve uranium process reliability and potentially recover a saleable vanadium product. The PFS is expected to cost US$6.2 million.
The concept study commenced in September 2018 and was completed in February 2019. The concept study verified that the initial capital funding requirements for a restart of Langer Heinrich are expected to be approximately US$100 million, including capital for plant repair and improvement of US$24 million, tailings facility construction of US$4 million, Back-End Upgrade execution of US$22 million and working capital of US$50 million.

Paladin avoided paying US$ 20 million tax on sale of 25% stake in Langer Heinrich uranium mine

The Namibian government lost N$219 million [US$ 20.1 million as of transaction date Jan. 18, 2014] in taxes from the sale of shares in one of the world's largest uranium mines, Langer Heinrich, because the country's tax avoidance law is not up to scratch.
An investigation by The Namibian and UK-based journalism organisation Finance Uncovered revealed that the Australian multi-national mining corporation, Paladin Energy, pocketed N$665 million [US$ 61.1 million as of transaction date Jan. 18, 2014] after selling shares in the Langer Heinrich mine through a Mauritius-based offshore company. Paladin argues that using an offshore holding company means they are not liable to pay tax in Namibia. Tax on the proceeds of the sale would have amounted to N$219 million.
When presented with details of the joint investigation, the Namibian tax office said they were unaware of the Langer Heinrich deal, but in their view, taxes should have been paid on the proceeds. Tax bosses admitted that problems with legislation mean they are unable to enforce the law on offshore transactions like that of Langer Heinrich. Conducting transactions through Mauritius as a way to avoid paying taxes on the profits when assets are sold, is a well-known tax avoidance loophole used by many companies around the world. (Namibian Dec. 12, 2018)

Paladin commences concept study to optimise Langer Heinrich mine in preparation of restart decision, considers vanadium by-product recovery

On Dec. 6, 2018, Paladin Energy Ltd announced it commences a concept study to optimise its Langer Heinrich mine in preparation of a restart decision.
The concept study followed by a prefeasibility study will examine opportunities for improvements to mining and processing at Langer Heinrich to decrease costs, increase throughput and productivity and examine potential for the recovery of a Vanadium by-product.

Remaining operations at Langer Heinrich mine being suspended

On May 25, 2018, Paladin Energy Ltd confirmed that the Langer Heinrich Mine is being placed into care and maintenance.

On Oct. 19, 2018, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that the plant cleanout was completed early-August 2018 and operation has now "successfully transitioned" into care and maintenance.

In view of "stubbornly low spot uranium price", Paladin prepares decision to suspend remaining operations at Langer Heinrich mine

"Given the continued deterioration of macro factors, including the stubbornly low spot uranium price but also factors such as foreign exchange rates and prices of processing reagents, it's becoming less likely that the Company will be in a position to resume physical mining activity at LHM in 2018 nor would processing low grade stockpiles be viable. As a result, Paladin has commenced preparatory steps towards being in a position to formalise a care and maintenance decision with relevant stakeholders." (Paladin Energy Ltd, April 26, 2018)

Even with operations reduced to processing of stockpiled ore, Paladin's Langer Heinrich mine turns out to be unprofitable in current market conditions

Uranium producer Paladin Energy posted a net loss for the six months ended December 2017, as sales revenue fell on higher production costs and lower uranium prices.
The company, which has been processing stockpiles since physical mining ceased at its Langer Heinrich mine, in Namibia, produced 1.71-million pounds of uranium oxide [658 t U] in the six months ended December 31, down 31% from the previous corresponding period's 2.5-million pounds [962 t U].
However, the cost of that production is exceeding the price that the company can obtain for the product. C1 cash cost of production rose sharply from a record-low of $16.25/lb in December 2016, to $23.11/lb in December 2017, owing to lower production and higher reagent usage. The average realised uranium sales price of the six-month period was $21.82/lb. (Mining Weekly Feb. 28, 2018)

In its Quarterly Activities Report for the period ending 31 March 2018, published on Apr. 18, 2018, Paladin reported a further increase of the C1 cash cost of production to US$ 29.82/lb U3O8, while the selling price increased only slightly to US$ 22.15/lb U3O8.

CNNC prepares acquisition of remaining share in Langer Heinrich mine from Paladin

On Mar. 9, 2017, Paladin advised that it has received notice from CNNC requesting that Paladin commences a process to determine the fair market value of Paladin's share of LHM (being 75% of the issued share capital of Langer Heinrich Mauritius Holdings Limited, the holding company of the owner of LHM).
However, on Aug. 21, 2017, Paladin announced that CNNC Overseas Uranium Holding Ltd (COUH) has informed Paladin it has decided not to exercise the potential option to acquire Paladin's 75% interest in the Langer Heinrich mine.

Paladin suspends mining at Langer Heinrich uranium mine for two years, while processing of stockpiled ore continues

The decision of Paladin Energy to halt production for two years at its Langer Heinrich mine has resulted in the loss of over 300 jobs at the mine. Paladin intends to process uranium ore from existing stockpiles for the next two years.
Chamber of Mines of Namibia CEO Veston Malango yesterday said 27 Paladin employees at Langer Heinrich, along with those employed by Karibib Mining and Construction, the company which was mining on behalf of Paladin Energy, have resulted in just over 300 combined job losses. (Namibian Jan. 20, 2017)

Paladin to suspend mining at Langer Heinrich uranium mine, processing of stockpiled ore to continue

Mining at Paladin's flagship Langer Heinrich mine in Namibia is to be suspended, pending uranium price improvement. The company will process low grade ore stockpiles in the interim. While this decision results in a drop in production, importantly it results in a sharp drop in operating costs and hence cash burn. (FN Arena News Aug. 30, 2016)

Paladin to sell further 24% stake in Langer Heinrich uranium mine to CNNC

On July 29, 2016, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that it is to sell another 24% stake in the Langer Heinrich uranium mine to CNNC Overseas Uranium Holdings Ltd (COUH), a subsidiary of China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC). This transaction would raise COUH's holdings in the mine to 49%.

Prime Minister's report exposes lack of safety at Langer Heinrich uranium mine

[...] a recent report by the office of the Prime Minister also pointed fingers at the Australian mine. The Prime Minister's report, obtained last month, said there is a lack of safety at Langer Heinrich and that the workers are not aware of policies, rules and procedures as outlined in the radiation management plan. (The Namibian July 10, 2015)

Paladin plans for another production increase at Langer Heinrich uranium mine

Paladin has initiated a number of cost reduction initiatives currently in force at the Langer Heinrich mine as Paladin positions itself for the future, aiming to increase production by another 20 years. Langer Heinrich's fourth stage expansion is expected to commence in 2017 or 2018, largely dependent on market factors. (Namibia Economist Feb. 20, 2015)

Workers protest against unsafe working conditions at Paladin's Langer Heinrich uranium mine

Employees of the Langer Heinrich Uranium Mine, situated outside Swakopmund, are seeking the removal of the manager for human resources, Hein Daiber, on allegations of victimising employees as well as disregarding employees' safety. They also accuse Daiber of implementing a new salary structure without union agreement.
The workers, through the Mineworkers' Union of Namibia (MUN), are also demanding the removal of Langer Heinrich mine managing director, Simon Solomons. In a petition read to the media in front of the company's office in Swakopmund this week, employees accused Solomons of total disregard for the union and bargaining unit, and as such they want him out.
Workers also said the mine never implemented recommendations made after the 2013 accident that claimed the life of a miner. Further, the workers allege that the mine does not have the safety of workers at heart. "Our members are exposed to safety hazards. The company does not properly investigate incidents at the mine," reads the petition.
The workers also alleged that the removal of contract workers from the mine resulted in a lack of rest and increase in fatigue. "The use of buffs in the open pit for over four years is also another concern, as the company believes that it could prevent radioactive dust," said the workers.
About 60 permanent employees participated in the peaceful demonstration to hand over the petition. The petition was addressed to Solomons, but he was not available to receive it and neither were other management members. (New Era Feb. 20, 2015)

Contract workers claim unfair treatment at Langer Heinrich uranium mine

About 50 employees staged a protest demonstration at Langer Heinrich Uranium (LHU) Mine's head office in Swakopmund on Thursday (Oct. 2) before handing over a petition listing their complaints. Workers employed by companies sub-contracted to LHU claim they are mistreated at work. The workers from Sure Cast, Gecko Drilling, LBS, Quick Investment, RVH and NEC Stahl claim they are, amongst others, made to work without benefits, such as medical aid, transport allowances and pension. (Namib Times Oct. 7, 2014)

Stage 4 expansion of Langer Heinrich uranium mine postponed

Paladin Energy Ltd. said it's frozen plans to invest in a new processing plant at its Langer Heinrich uranium mine in Namibia after the price of the nuclear fuel fell below the level needed to justify the spending. "With current pricing it's not economic to start new investments, we need at least a price of $70 a pound of uranium," Langer Heinrich Managing Director Simon Solomons said in an interview yesterday at the mine.
The new plant would have been part of an expansion aimed at raising output to 8.5 million pounds of uranium oxide [3,269 t U] a year. The facility now has capacity of about 5.2 million pounds [2,000 t U] a year, sold to three converters in France, Canada and the U.S. Plans for the new processing plant may be reconsidered in about two years, Solomons said. Banks are unwilling to bet on a recovery in uranium prices after they fell to about $34 per pound following the Fukushima nuclear plant shutdown in Japan three years ago, he said. (Businessweek Apr. 4, 2014)

China Uranium Corporation acquires 25% stake in Paladin's Langer Heinrich uranium mine (Namibia)

On Jan. 20, 2014, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that it signed an agreement on 18 January 2014 to sell a 25% joint-venture equity stake in its Langer Heinrich uranium mining operation in Namibia to China Uranium Corporation Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) for consideration of US$ 190 million.

Three workers injured in electrical incident at Langer Heinrich uranium mine

On Oct. 3, 2013, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that on Oct. 2 there was a serious electrical incident at Langer Heinrich Mine involving one employee and two contractors being hospitalised. Two of the workers received significant burns while the third worker received smoke inhalation and has been discharged. The more seriously injured worker has been flown to South Africa for treatment.
On Oct. 30, 2013, Paladin Energy Ltd announced that the more seriously injured worker has died in a South African hospital.

Workers protest at Langer Heinrich uranium mine

About 300 workers, who include mine staff and contractor employees, picketed at Langer Heinrich Uranium (LHU) mine last Thursday (June 27), protesting the way they are being treated and paid by their employer. Although the peaceful demonstration was organised at the beginning of last week and announced to the mine's management, the protesting workers and media were barred from the minesite where the demonstration was supposed to take place. (Namibian July 2, 2013)

Paladin Energy secures financing for stage 3 expansion of Langer Heinrich uranium mine

Uranium producer Paladin Energy said it received full financing of $141-million for the expansion of its Namibia project. Paladin said it signed a financing agreement with a syndicate of banks and added that it plans to fund initial development at the Langer Heinrich Stage 3 through existing cash reserves. The company said the project is on track to reach potential capacity in the first quarter of 2012. (Reuters Aug. 26, 2011)

Langer Heinrich mine expansion hit by strike

Progress on Expansion Phase Three of Langer Heinrich Uranium Mine came to a standstill on Monday (Aug. 15) after employees of the main contractor, Grinaker LTA, downed tools due to grievances related to impending layoffs. According to a workers committee representative, more than 600 workers of the construction and engineering company stopped work on the mine site at noon on Monday - and continued to strike on Tuesday. (Namibian Aug. 17, 2011)

Feasibility study commenced for Stage 4 expansion of Langer Heinrich uranium mine

AMEC Minproc has commenced work for Paladin Energy on their definitive feasibility study for the major Stage 4 expansion of the Langer Heinrich uranium operation. The study is targeting an overall expanded annual production of 10 million pounds [3,850 t U]. The study is expected to be complete by the end of 2011. (AMEC Minproc June 30, 2011)

Uranium miner Paladin Energy refuses disclosure of carbon footprint

An investor group is considering legal action against Paladin Energy over the uranium miner's refusal to debate climate change risks. Paladin has rejected listing a Climate Advocacy Fund's proposed resolution that the miner disclose its carbon footprint at its annual meeting late this month. The fund owns a small stake in Paladin and had the support of the required 100 shareholders under the Corporations Act to put forward a resolution. "We say Paladin has acted against the provisions of the Act and we could take legal action over it," fund executive director James Thier told BusinessDaily. "Certainly, we will have talks with ASIC ."
Mr Thier said carbon footprint database Trucost estimated Paladin was the third-most carbon intensive ASX 200 company, with emissions estimated at more than 2500 tonnes of carbon dioxide per $1 million of revenue. "This is six times more than the ASX 200 average and if it is correct, it means our company (Paladin) may be highly exposed to carbon costs that are anticipated to be introduced . . . to reduce greenhouse gas emissions," the fund told the miner.
Mr Thier said Paladin chairman Rick Crabb, who did not return BusinessDaily's calls yesterday, told the fund although the company acknowledged its concerns, they "were not part of shareholder business". (Herald Sun Nov. 3, 2010)

Paladin reports doubling of ore reserve of Langer Heinrich deposit

On Oct. 1, 2010, Paladin Energy Ltd. announced that the ore reserve for the Langer Heinrich deposit increased 104% to 134.1 Mlb U3O8 (51,577 t U).

Paladin targets first uranium deliveries to China in 2011

Paladin Energy Ltd. said it is targeting uranium shipments to China in 2011 after signing a preliminary accord with the nation's second-biggest builder of nuclear power plants. Paladin, the Australian mining company producing uranium in Africa, aims to convert a memorandum of understanding with China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group Co. into supply contracts later in 2010 or early next year, Chief Executive Officer John Borshoff said in a telephone interview today. Paladin may then be able to begin shipments in the "latter part" of next year, he said. (Bloomberg Aug. 31, 2010)

Water supply expansion proposal for Langer Heinrich uranium mine

Groundwater abstraction cannot supply enough water for Langer Heinrich mine expansion, draft Scoping/EIA Report concludes; comments invited:
"The key conclusion of the EIA is that:
The proposed abstraction of 250,000m3/annum from the Husab Berg compartment is not sustainable. The impact of this activity will be high since the sustainable abstraction rate is only 150,000m3/annum and the SEA gives a clear recommendation/guideline that future mining activities must source desalinated water only."
> Download: The Water Supply Improvement Project to the Langer Heinrich Mine. Draft Scoping/Environmental Impact Assessment Report. Draft 03 23/11/2010 for comment by stakeholders , Enviro Dynamics, 2010. (2.2M PDF - Environmental Information Service Namibia)

Residents oppose pumping of more water from Swakop River valley for supply of Langer Heinrich uranium mine expansion: At the first public meeting held at Swakopmund on Aug. 4 on the proposed expansion of the Langer Heinrich uranium mine, the participants vehemently opposed the abstraction of an additional 250,000 cubic metres of water from the Swakop River valley. The landscape had already been affected by excessive water abstraction over the past years, and any additional abstraction would make the damages more obvious, they said. (Allgemeine Zeitung Aug. 6, 2010)

Langer Heinrich uranium mine seeks expansion of water supply: The expansion project for the Langer Heinrich uranium mine requires the supply of additional amounts of water; the proposal is to pump more water from the Swakop River valley. An environmental assessment for the proposal is being prepared by Enviro Dynamics CC .
Public comments on the project are invited by August 18, 2010. (Allgemeine Zeitung July 23, 2010)
The outcome of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the water supply improvement project to the mine is to be presented in Swakopmund on Dec. 1, 2010. (Nambian Nov. 23, 2010)

Paladin plans further massive expansion of Langer Heinrich uranium mine, including heap leaching

On Oct. 29, 2009, Paladin Energy Ltd announced plans to increase production capacity of its Langer Heinrich uranium mine to around 10 million lb U3O8 [3,846 t U] per year (Stage 4 Expansion).
"It is believed that with current resources this balance can best be achieved by an annual plant production level of around the 9 Mlb U3O8, and a remaining mine life of 15 years. Investigations to date also suggest that this can be supplemented by a 1 Mlb pa U3O8 heap leaching facility. The run of mine operation is planned to crush approximately 8 Mtpa at an average grade of 600 ppm. This crushed ore will then be upgraded through an expanded scrubbing circuit to give a leach feed grade of around 920 ppm. The heap leach feed material is expected to comprise 42 Mt of low grade (175 ppm) material. Off-site infrastructure requirements include the installation of a second water supply pipeline and an upgrade to the existing electrical power supply line."

Environmental Impact Assessment Report for the proposed expansion project at Langer Heinrich mine

"LHU [Langer Heinrich Uranium (Pty) Ltd] proposes to expand its current operations at the mine in order to increase the uranium oxide production from 3.7 million pounds per annum [1,423 t U/a] to between 5 and 10 million pounds per annum [1,923 - 3,846 t U/a].
The main components of the expansion project include:
> Download: Environmental Impact Assessment Report for the proposed expansion project at Langer Heinrich mine , August 2009 (Paladin Energy Ltd)

Paladin approves further expansion of Langer Heinrich uranium mine

On June 30, 2009, Paladin Energy Ltd announced board approval of the Stage III Expansion of its Langer Heinrich uranium mine. The expansion project will increase production capacity to 5.2 million lb U3O8 [2000 t U] per year, rather than 6 million lb U3O8, as previously announced. The reduced target was chosen, as it is not vulnerable to delays in achieving additional water supply.
According to Paladin's news release of Nov. 12, 2010, "Stage 3 construction to expand capacity to 5.2Mlb pa is tracking early 2011 mechanical completion and startup of commissioning."

Paladin reports large resource upgrade for Langer Heinrich deposit

On Aug. 28, 2008, Paladin Energy Ltd announced a 46% increase in the Measured and Indicated Resources and a 64% increase in the Inferred Resources of the Langer Heinrich uranium deposit.

Langer Heinrich uranium mine expansion project

Langer Heinrich Uranium (LHU) proposes to commence, in 2008, with the first stage of a two-stage expansion, which aims to ramp up production from its current 2.6 Mlb/a U3O8 [1,000 t U/a] to approximately 3.7 Mlb/a U3O8 [1,423 t U/a] by early 2009.
The second stage of the expansion is targeted for 2010 and sees production at approximately 6.0 Mlb/a U3O8 [2,308 t U/a]. This latter stage has yet to be designed.
A document outlining the proposed changes in activities, impacts and proposed mitigation was prepared and submitted to MME and MET. Because the stage II expansion project is still within the scope of the original environmental approval LHU understood that an EIA would not be necessary but that the Environmental Management Plan (EMP) should be updated to reflect the changes. After reviewing the document, both Ministries confirmed that updating the EMP and communicating these changes to LHU's interested and affected parties is sufficient. (LHU May 28, 2008)

Intervention after sulphuric acid spill at Langer Heinrich mine leads to explosions

The spilling of a large quantity of sulphuric acid at the Langer Heinrich uranium mine has raised questions about safety procedures at the mine. The Namibian was informed that one of the mine's employees had lost his grip on the hose transferring the acid from a truck to a storage facility. The employee apparently fled to call for help, after which a forklift dumped a large quantity of caustic soda on the spill to neutralise the acid. The result was explosive, according to the sources. A series of loud bangs could be heard from a distance, but nobody was injured. (Namibian Apr. 25, 2008)

Langer Heinrich mine flooded after rainstorm

On March 27, 2008, the open pit of the Langer Heinrich mine was flooded with run-off water from a rainstorm. The pit will not be usable for about one month. During this time, Paladin intends to mine its second pit. (Allgemeine Zeitung Mar. 31, 2008)

Langer Heinrich mine reaches designed production level

On Jan. 14, 2008, Paladin Energy Ltd announced the the Langer Heinrich operations achieved the stated production target for the December quarter of 2007. Paladin now expects Langer Heinrich to produce at its nameplate design of 2.6 Mlb of uranium oxide U3O8 [1000 t U] for the calendar year 2008.

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Husab mine

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Swakop Uranium agrees to some of Husab uranium mine workers' safety demands

The management of Swakop Uranium has agreed to take stricter measures to ensure the safety of its employees at Husab Mine.
Employees of the mine in a petition recently expressed concern about alleged negligence by the contracted Beifang Mining blasting company and safety measures, leading them to halt work in the mine's zones 1 and 2.
A media release issued by the Mineworkers Union of Namibia's western regional coordinator, George Ampweya, on Friday (Mar. 22) indicated that some of the agreements between the union and Swakop Uranium include the appointment of an independent expert to head an investigation task team into the "danger zones".
"Upon conclusion of the investigation, the task team submitted preliminary reports that declared the areas safe and employees were instructed by the company to commence work in those areas," Ampweya noted.
The union and company management also set out strategies to reform the status quo, among others, as far as safety is concerned. (Namibian Mar. 23, 2019)

Husab mine operations halted after protests against negligent handling of explosives

Operation at the Husab uranium mine was temporarily suspended yesterday after workers in a petition raised several safety concerns, particularly in relation to the handling of explosive devices.
The allegations are directed in particular against the Chinese blast contractor Beifang Mining Services cc, which is said to have violated essential security measures since 2016. At least that's what the miners' union (MUN) is talking about in a petition that was presented yesterday to Swakop Uranium on behalf of all workers.
"We stopped the operation to thoroughly investigate the allegations," said Percy McCallum, head of human resources and business development at Swakop Uranium, adding, "Safety is our top priority." When to resume operations remained unnamed in the brief statement by McCallum. (Allgemeine Zeitung Feb. 27, 2019)

Fatal accident at Husab uranium mine

Swakop Uranium confirmed that a fatal vehicle accident occurred on the Husab mine's premises late yesterday afternoon (29 October 2018). An ore haul truck steered out of control and hit the cliff face of the open pit, killing the driver on impact. (Namib Times Oct. 30, 2018)

Giant Husab mine ramps up uranium production

The Namibian Husab Uranium Mine operated by China's State-owned China General Nuclear Power Corp had produced over 1,000 metric tons of uranium oxide in 2017. The Husab mine, the third-largest uranium mine, will continue to be optimized in 2018. The company will ramp up its throughput to ensure the mine reaches its design capacity by this year, said Huang Xiaofei, a spokesman for CGN. The company said the mine will produce 6,500 tons of uranium oxide within a few years. (China Daily Jan. 24, 2018)

Husab mine workers stage protest over working conditions

Workers at Swakop Uranium's Husab Mine east of Swakopmund staged a peaceful protest at the mine's head office at the coastal town last Wednesday (Nov. 15), where they handed a petition to the company's management.
Although the company and the Mineworkers Union of Namibia (MUN) have had several meetings on issues affecting the workers, no agreements have been reached, according to vice chairperson of MUN's Swakop Uranium branch, Rudolf Kahingunga.
"As leadership we have always tried to protect the company from any embarrassing situation. However, as leaders, we are also bound by the wishes of the members, where it is justified to do so," read the petition, followed by a list of complaints about salaries and job gradings, non-Namibians not having Namibian understudies, shift times, recruitment, company policies and regulations, and the conduct of some of the company's managers. (The Namibian Nov. 20, 2017)

Husab uranium mine operates with expired waste water permit

> View: Several mines in Namibia operate with expired waste water permits

Footprint of Husab uranium mine's waste rock dump to be doubled to 11 square kilometers

An increase in the defined mineral resource at the Husab deposit entails an increase in the size of the required waste rock dump at the mine site. With the currently licensed footprint of 659 ha, the dump height would have to be raised from the currently licensed 210 m to 270 m to accomodate the additional mine waste arisings. Swakop Uranium argues that such a height would be geotechnically unstable in the long term, operationally unsafe, and lead to increased cost.
Swakop Uranium rather proposes to increase the footprint of the waste rock dump from 659 ha to 1,100 ha to accommodate the additional waste arisings, while allowing for a decrease of the dump height from 210 m to 120 m.
A draft Scoping Report for the project will be made available for a 30-day public comment period.
(Swakop Uranium (Pty) Ltd.: EIA amendment process to the Husab mine: proposed waste rock dump alterations, development of a waste incinerator and new mobile communication antenna-poles, Background Information Document, July 2017)

Leak of tailings dam at Husab uranium mine

Tailings dam of new Husab uranium mine allegedly leaking: Swakop Uranium is investigating claims that the tailings dam at its Husab mine is leaking dangerous waste material into underground water sources. A photo posted on social media last week which showed the mine's tailings dam allegedly leaking has attracted a wave of negative reaction, especially around fears that scarce ground water in the Namib's Kahn and Swakop rivers is being contaminated.
Swakop Uranium's vice president for human resources and business support, Percy McCallum, told The Namibian that the mine had taken note of the concerns. "Please be advised that the company is investigating the issues raised on the tailings dam," he said. The public, in response to the social media post, accuses the company of poor management and construction at what could become one of the biggest uranium mines in the world. (Namibian May 29, 2017)

Investigation confirms leak of Husab tailings dam and identifies cause: Defective pumps are identified as the cause of the tailings dam leak observed in May, according to an investigation performed by the government and an external consultant. The defective pumps lead to an overflow of the tailings dam. (Allgemeine Zeitung July 16, 2017)
An investigation was done by the department of environmental affairs, the national radiation protection authority, the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, and an external environmental consultancy. It revealed that the pumps at some of the lined seepage collection ponds partially failed, and with the continuous inflow of the seepage water, it resulted in the lined seepage ponds overflowing onto the unlined surroundings. (The Namibian Aug. 9, 2017)

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South Africa   flag

General · Ezulwini · Dominion Reefs · Stilfontein Tailings · Vaal river area

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Groups oppose proposed shipping of Namibian uranium through South African ports

Last week, the Department of Energy gazetted an application made by US firm Edlow International for a transshipment and brief in-transit storage of low-activity uranium ore concentrate from Namibia to clients abroad. This will be done through the port of Durban or Cape Town using a duly authorised transport vessel‚ the department said in the gazette.
"Greenpeace is strongly opposed to the granting of a licence for the transshipment and in-transit storage of 'low-activity uranium ore concentrate' from Namibia. It is unclear how this concentrate would reach either Cape Town or Durban‚ and there is no information about the volume of ore that would need to be transported and stored in the application. [...]", said Melita Steele‚ senior climate and energy campaign manager at Greenpeace Africa.
Earthlife Africa Cape Town also opposed the move. The organisation raised the same questions on the application as Greenpeace. It further questioned what safety measures were in place when the uranium was transported and who would bear such cost. (Business Day Oct. 12, 2017)

South African gold/uranium mines causing excessive uranium concentrations in streams and stream sediments

> See here

Regulator withholds report on serious contamination of water and food from mining activities in Gauteng

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10,000 miners exposed to excess radiation doses

The Council for Nuclear Safety (CNS) estimates that at least 10,000 mineworkers, or roughly one in 20 mineworkers, have been exposed to radiation levels that exceeded safety limits.

In 1998, according to CNS estimates, 1 000 employees at Harmony Gold mine were exposed to radiation levels that in some instances were three times higher than the annual dose limit of 20 mSv a year. At Nigel, workers were exposed to dose levels of up to 130 mSv a year, or seven times higher than the allowable limit. (Business Report Oct. 7, 1999)


Stilfontein tailings reprocessing project

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> View Stilfontein tailings reprocessing project spills and other incidents

Uranium recovery plant at Stilfontein tailings reprocessing project shut down: According to AngloGold's 2017 Annual Report, "[...] in 2017, the uranium and flotation plants were discontinued. It is planned for restart later in life."

Uranium recovery plant at Stilfontein tailings reprocessing project starts operation: According to AngloGold's 2014 Annual Report, "The uranium plant at Mine Waste Solutions (MWS) was successfully completed with the first deliveries in the fourth quarter of the year."

Charges laid against AngloGold Ashanti over spill at Stilfontein tailings reprocessing project: Criminal charges are being laid against AngloGold Ashanti for a spill that resulted in uranium-laden water going into a tributary of the Vaal River. The allegation is that a spillage from a pipe at the mine's operations in Stilfontein, near Kerksdorp, last week led to uranium-laden water going into a local river.
An incident report, filed to the National Nuclear Regulator by the company, said the spillage had occurred due to a "pipeline failure" between two of the company's plants. It occurred last Tuesday (Aug. 27) after bolts in the pipe were stolen in a section of pipe next to the Koekemoerspruit, the report said. This led to one hectare being covered in polluted water, along a 1.6 km stretch of land. All pumping was stopped while the pipe was fixed. A wall was then constructed downstream to catch the bits of pollution in the water.
The charges are being laid by Mariette Liefferink, head of the Federation for a Sustainable Environment, under Section 24 of the Bill of Rights. (Mail & Guardian Sep. 2, 2013)

Anglogold commissions completion of uranium recovery plant at Stilfontein tailings reprocessing project: On Aug. 22, 2013, MDM Engineering announced that AngloGold Ashanti has awarded the completion and commissioning of the MWS uranium plant in Stilfontein to MDM.

AngloGold Stilfontein tailings recovery plant charged with radioactive contamination: AngloGold Ashanti has been charged with contaminating water and "ongoing pollution" in Stilfontein by the Federation for Sustainable Environment . According to Mariette Liefferink, head of the Federation for Sustainable Environment, a massive spillage occurred in late December at the Stilfontein facility. (Mail & Guardian Jan. 8, 2013)

Buffelsfontein Mine Waste Solutions tailings reprocessing project sold to Anglogold: On July 20, 2012, First Uranium Corp announced the completion of the sale of Mine Waste Solutions to AngloGold Ashanti Limited.

Processing of first legacy tailings dam in Stilfontein area completed in Mine Waste Solutions tailings project: On Jan. 23, 2012, Mine Waste Solutions announced that "the crucial first step in the process of rehabilitating a series of 15 'legacy' tailings dams in the Stilfontein area, a result of decades of mining operations, has been achieved with the completion of the clean-up of a strategic site alongside the N12 highway near the town." [...] "The tailings dam next to the N12 highway has long been a source of dust pollution and concern within the community. The footprint of the site, known locally as the number two dam, covers approximately 160 hectares on a dolomite area," says Melt Marais, Environmental Manager at Mine Waste Solutions.

Stilfontein tailings reprocessing project spills and other incidents

(Source: National Nuclear Regulator (NNR))
TSF = Tailings Storage Facility

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Ezulwini mine

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Ezulwini gold mine causes uranium concentrations in Rietspruit River water and sediment above permissible limit, study finds

"The Rietspruit is located in Gauteng Province, South Africa, within the Witwatersrand Basin. The basin is noted for its vast gold deposit. The river extends for about 60 km before joining the Vaal River. The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of uranium in the Rietspruit and the factors that influenced the concentration of U at each of the sites. The source of uranium in the river is the discharge from the [Cooke 4 Ezulwini] gold mine and the mine wastes. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used for water and sediment analysis in order to determine the concentration of U.
High concentration of U was found in the river water and sediment, which is above the permissible limit of U. The water is used for irrigation of farmlands, cattle watering and for human consumption despite the high concentration of uranium in it. Ingestion of uranium is dangerous to human health. Due to the toxic nature of uranium, consumption of the water for domestic use and agriculture purpose must be discouraged."
Assessing Uranium Pollution Levels in the Rietspruit River, Far West Rand Goldfield, South Africa, by I B Raji, E Hoffmann, A Ngie and F Winde, in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Aug. 11, 2021, 18, 8466

Fatal accident at Cooke gold/uranium mine

On Feb. 2, 2016, a miner was fatally injured in a materials handling accident involving a pinch bar at Cooke 3 Shaft. (Sibanye Gold Limited Feb. 2, 2016)

Two workers involved in illegal mining activities trapped in Cooke gold/uranium mine

On Feb. 1, 2016, two contractors, who were engaged in illegal mining activities at Cooke 1 Shaft at the end of their shift, appear to have entered an abandoned and sealed raise line close to the one they were supposed to be working in, when they were trapped by a fall of ground in the area. Rescue efforts have commenced. (Sibanye Gold Limited Feb. 2, 2016)

Gold/uranium miner Sibanye hoards uranium hoping for long-term deals

Sibanye Gold is sitting on mined and processed uranium worth tens of millions of rand as it builds up production capacity to allow it to negotiate sales contracts for the energy mineral.
Sibanye, the largest producer of South African gold, has a stockpile of 180,000 pounds of uranium oxide [69 t U] that it has mined along with gold at its Cooke mines, close to Randfontein. At the spot price of $37/lb, the stockpile of triuranium octoxide or yellowcake is worth R77m, but Sibanye would like to enter into long-term uranium supply contracts, which generally command a premium over the spot price. This premium has been in a range between $15/lb and $20/lb. At those premiums the stockpile held at nearby uranium processor Nufcor would be valued at between R108m and R119m.
Sibanye will produce a further 250,000lb [96 t U] of uranium this year as it ramps up its output to 500,000lb [192 t U]. (Business Day Jan. 28, 2014)

First consignment of uranium shipped from Sibanye Gold Ltd's Ezulwini plant

On May 29, 2014, Sibanye Gold Ltd announced that it has produced and shipped its first consignment of uranium, in the form of 10 tonnes of ammonium diuranate ("ADU") to the Nuclear Fuels Corporation of South Africa (Proprietary) Limited ("NUFCOR"), where its precipitated ADU is calcined to form Uranium oxide or Uranium Ore Concentrates.
Uranium oxide production from Sibanye's Ezulwini plant is forecast to build up to approximately 600,000 pounds per annum [231 t U], by the end of 2016. Current ore reserve development at the Cooke 3 and 4 mines is expected to increase available face, thereby facilitating increased throughput from the uranium by-product areas.

Sibanye Gold Ltd acquires Cooke gold/uranium mine

On May 8, 2014, Sibanye Gold Ltd announced the closing of the acquisition of Gold One International Limited's West Rand operations ("Cooke operations").

Operations suspended at Ezulwini mine

On Oct. 16, 2012, Gold One International Limited announced that "operations at Ezulwini will be suspended for at least 30 days. This is to ensure the safety and security of employees and assets amidst rising intimidation and tension within the national mining sector."

Striking workers at Ezulwini mine dismissed

On Oct. 9, 2012, Gold One International Limited announced that "on 9 October 2012, following appropriate disciplinary procedures, the company dismissed approximately 1,435 of the total 1,900 employees at its Ezulwini Operation."

Striking workers at Ezulwini mine suspended

On Oct. 3, 2012, Gold One International Limited announced that "the company issued suspension notices to illegally striking workers at its Ezulwini operation, after repeated requests for workers to return to work were ignored."

Gold One acquires Ezulwini mine

On 3 August 2012, Gold One International Limited announced that the acquisition of First Uranium Limited, the holding company of Ezulwini Mining Company (Pty) Limited, was completed on 1 August 2012. Ezulwini will form part of the Cooke Underground Operations.

Russian group bids for Ezulwini gold/uranium mine

Russian billionaire Victor Vekselberg's Renova Group made a joint bid with South Africa's Waterpan Mining Consortium for a mine controlled by First Uranium Corp. (FIU), trumping an earlier offer. Konstantin Sadovnik, a director of Renova's Transalloys (Pty) Ltd. unit, said today in an e-mail that his company and Waterpan bid for the Ezulwini gold and uranium mine in South Africa. (Bloomberg Apr. 20, 2012)

Half of workforce at Ezulwini mine to be fired in response to fatal accidents' "impact on employee morale and productivity" (!)

"The extremely unfortunate fatal accidents in the latter half of the calendar year have had a significant impact on employee morale and productivity, and as such the expected improvement in production has not been forthcoming. We will, therefore, as required under South African labour laws, give notice today pursuant to Section 189(3) of SALRA in order to allow for contemplated possible employee reductions at the mine as part of developing a new operating plan that will focus on mining more profitable areas of the mine and reducing fixed costs in-line with the scale of the operation. The new operating plan may result in up to 1,850 employees being affected. The operation currently employs approximately 3,745 people." (First Uranium Corp. Dec. 19, 2011)

Another miner dies in fall-of-ground accident at Ezulwini mine

"It is with deep regret that First Uranium Corporation today announced that a fall of ground has claimed the life of an underground employee at its Ezulwini Mine. The incident occurred on 48 level in an O-line stoping panel." (First Uranium Corp. Nov. 14, 2011)

Another miner dies in fall-of-ground accident at Ezulwini mine

"First Uranium Corporation with deep regret announced today that a fall of ground accident has claimed the life of a rock drill operator at its Ezulwini Mine. The incident occurred on 13 September 2011 on number 50 level." (First Uranium Corp. Sep. 13, 2011)

Another fatal accident at Ezulwini mine

"First Uranium Corporation has regrettably announced that on August 11, 2011 a fatality occurred at the Ezulwini mine." (First Uranium Corp. Aug. 12, 2011)

Uranium plant at Ezulwini mine restarted after repairs

Yellow cake production re-commenced on April 12, 2011, and production build-up to planned levels is expected to occur over the next few weeks. (First Uranium Corporation Apr. 19, 2011)

Another miner dies in fall-of-ground accident at Ezulwini mine

On March 14, 2011, First Uranium Corp. announced that on March 12, 2011 a fall of ground accident occurred on 33 level underground at the Ezulwini gold mine that has claimed the life of an employee. A temporary work stoppage instruction has been issued by the Department of Mineral Resources, pursuant to section 54 of the Mine Health and Safety Act (South Africa), until such time as a preliminary investigation has been completed.

Miner dies in fall-of-ground accident at Ezulwini mine

A miner has died after a fall of ground at the Ezulwini mine in Westonaria, outside Johannesburg, the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) said on Tuesday (Nov. 16). "A mineworker lost his life (in the early hours of Tuesday morning) at the Rand Uranium's Ezulwini mine in Gauteng after a fall of ground," said NUM spokesman Lesiba Seshoka. (Independent Online Nov. 16, 2010)

Ezulwini uranium plant temporarily closed for repair works

On Aug. 31, 2010, First Uranium Corporation announced that it has temporarily closed its Ezulwini Uranium plant to replace two columns in the Ion Exchange section, following a structural failure on a loading column. The plant will be closed while two columns are designed, manufactured, installed and commissioned. The work is expected to be complete by year end.
On Jan. 27, 2011, First Uranium Corp. announced that that re-commissioning of the uranium plant is expected by the end of March 2011.

Worker dies in fall-of-ground accident at Ezulwini mine

First Uranium on Friday (Sep. 18) reported a fatality at its Ezulwini mine, in South Africa. First Uranium spokesperson Bob Tait said that there was an unexpected fall of ground in the area where underground crews were installing permanent supports in a stope on the 45 level of the Middle Elsburg Reef horizon, which is the uranium and gold ore body at the Ezulwini mine. (Mining Weekly Sep. 18, 2009)
First Uranium Corp. said on Friday it suspended operations at its Ezulwini mine in South Africa after a worker was killed in an incident. "Our plants continue to operate on inventory in the silos," First Uranium spokesman Bob Tait said, adding the company's focus would be to investigate the cause of the incident, which happened on Thursday. (Reuters Sep. 18, 2009)
Mining resumed on Sep. 21, 2009. (Business Report Sep. 22, 2009)

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Dominion Reefs mine

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Workers march for better conditions at Dominion Reefs mine

The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) and the South African Federation of Trade Unions (Saftu) in the North West led a march to the offices of Gupta-owned Shiva Uranium at Hartebeesfontein near Klerksdorp in the North West, demanding better conditions for workers.
The mine is accused of paying workers below minimum wages, unfair dismissal of workers and failing to fulfill its corporate social responsibilities, amongst others.
The march was preceded, by an anti-corruption crusade. Marchers opened a fraud case against the former municipal manager of Mahikeng Local Municipality with the Hawks at Klerksdorp and then leading a march to the Gupta owned Shiva Uranium mine at Hartebeesfontein.
A memorandum complaining about alleged failings of the mine was handed over. (SABC News Sep. 14, 2017)

Indian-owned Dominion gold/uranium mine accused of environmental pollution

The Dominionville community in Klerksdorp in North West is suffering from an increase in respiratory diseases allegedly caused by dust from the tailings dams at the Shiva Uranium mine which is effectively owned by the Gupta family‚ Bench Marks Foundation's community monitors claimed on Thursday (Mar. 17).
According to the monitors‚ the mine‚ in which they say the Guptas own a 74% stake through Oakbay Resources (the family owns 64% of Oakbay‚ in which Duduzane Zuma‚ President Jacob Zuma's son‚ also has a stake)‚ does not seem to regard the tailings dams as a danger.
They charged that no action had been taken toward minimising the damage to the community.
In addition to the increase in respiratory diseases‚ the monitors say they have recorded a severe reduction in water supply to the community which has resulted in a school closing down and children having to travel 40 kilometres to the next school. Uranium mining uses copious amounts of water.
"In a move to absolve it from liability or actions‚ the mine is pushing for the community to relocate by claiming that the area is highly radioactive and is not suitable for human settlement. But the nearby white community has not been pushed into doing so‚" the Bench Marks Foundation said in a statement. (TimesLive Mar. 17, 2016)
> Download Bench Marks Foundation release Mar. 17, 2016 (54k PDF)

Dominion mine restarted by new owner; uranium production to begin "shortly"

Shiva Uranium Ltd. began gold output and plans to produce uranium "shortly" at the South African Dominion mine it bought from Uranium One Inc. last year. “We're looking at very shortly starting up the uranium processing plant,” Jagdish Parekh, chief executive officer of Hartbeesfontein, South Africa-based Shiva said by phone from Pretoria today. (Bloomberg Jan. 26, 2011)

Dominion mine to be restarted by new owner

A new start-up for the stranded Dominion uranium operation which was placed on care-and-maintenance by Uranium One in 2008 is expected before month-end. The expected restart is set to be effected by the new owner, the Zuma-linked Shiva Uranium . (Mining Weekly May 14, 2010)

Dominion mine sold

On May 10, 2010, Uranium One announced the completion in April 2010 of the sale of the Dominion Uranium Project.

Dominion mine shut down for poor economics

On Oct. 22, 2008, Uranium One Inc. announced its decision to place the Dominion Uranium Project on care and maintenance. The decision "reflects the significant deterioration in the Project's economics associated with the continuing decline in uranium prices over the last year and significant inflation-related increases in Project costs, together with a slower than expected ramp-up in development and production."

Uranium One suspends Dominion mine operations upon strike

On Oct. 10, 2008, Uranium One Inc. announced that it has temporarily suspended mine operations at the Dominion Uranium Project in South Africa. According to the company, this action follows labour disruptions this week at the project, which culminated in a general illegal strike.

Workers go on strike against poor working conditions at Klerksdorp uranium mine

On July 11, 2008, workers at Uranium One's mine near Klerksdorp in the North West are to march against poor working conditions, police said. Superintendent Lesego Metsi said the march had not started yet and police were on the scene to ensure everything went off peacefully. "Workers are going to stop operations and march against poor working conditions, treatment of workers at the mines and salary increases." "It is not a strike action as far as we know. It is just a protest by workers to take their demands to management," he said. (Pretoria News July 11, 2008)

Production forecast cut for Dominion Reefs mine

Uranium One slashed its 2008 production forecast for the Dominion mine due to slow underground development. The mine produced only 171,000 pounds U3O8 [65.8 t U] in 2007 and is scheduled to produce 590,000 pounds [227 t U] in 2008. It was previously estimated to produce 2 million pounds [769 t U] in 2008. The company had been planning to produce an average of 3.8 million pounds [1,462 t U] per year by 2011 from the mine, but further delays will push this timeline back. (Resource Investor Feb. 21, 2008)

Stormwater dam fails at Dominion Reefs uranium mine

About 100 million litres of water was spilled from Uranium One's Dominion Reefs uranium mine near Klerksdorp on Dec. 8, 2007, when a section of the dam wall broke after a heavy rainstorm. But Robert van Niekerk, Uranium One vice-president for Africa and Europe, dismissed concerns that the water might be radioactive. "Preliminary tests on the water in the veld and the Jagspruit have showed that it does not hold any danger for flora and fauna. The quality of the water is consistent with that of the Jagspruit, at any time of the year," said Van Niekerk. The water in the dam that caved in, was apparently only stormwater. The walls of the nearby silt (tailings) dam did not break. Van Niekerk said about 58 mm of rain fell in half an hour in the afternoon of Dec. 8, 2007. There were also heavy rains earlier in the week. The dam level rose rapidly. When the dam overflowed, a section of the wall caved in. (Beeld Dec. 10, 2007)

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Vaal river area

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Tailings disposal at Mispah Dam 1 of Moab Khotsong mine halted for 15 months after deformations and cracks observed on embankment slope in November 2017

"ABSTRACT: In [November] 2017 signs of distress were noted along an embankment of an active, upstream gold tailings storage facility (TSF) in South Africa. Cracks extended diagonally up and parallel to the slope [of Mispah Dam 1] and increased with time. Bulging was observed at the toe. Deposition on the facility was halted immediately and detailed surveillance was implemented.
An investigation ensued to determine the cause and understand the mechanism for the observed TSF behaviour. Possible mechanisms were identified and assessed. It was concluded that yielding of the underlying rock, in turn underlain by highly compressible strata, was the most plausible mechanism. The way forward included assessment of the available geological information to determine if similar conditions exist elsewhere along the TSF embankments.
Mitigation and remedial measures were compiled and implemented to restore the TSF to an acceptable and safe condition and the facility was recommissioned in March 2019. Close monitoring of the TSF continues with no further signs of distress to date."
Deformation and Cracking of an Upstream Gold TSF Embankment Due to Yielding of Underlying Rock, by R. Shields, M. Rust, D. Brink, in: TAILINGS AND MINE WASTE '20, Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste , Colorado State University, 2020, p.31-41

[There is no mention of this incident in AngloGold Ashanti's or Harmony Gold's Annual Reports.]

Harmony Gold plans to acquire AngloGold Ashanti's Moab Khotsong and Great Noligwa mines

On Oct. 19, 2017, Harmony Gold Mining Company Limited announced that it is planning to acquire AngloGold Ashanti's Moab Khotsong and Great Noligwa mines. In addition, Harmony will acquire the Mispah tailings storage complex and Nuclear Fuels Corporation of South Africa's ("Nufcor") uranium calcining facility, among others.

Moab Khotsong was acquired effective 1 March 2018 at a cost of US$300 million. (Harmony Gold Annual Report 2018)

AngloGold Ashanti plans to dispose of Kopanang mine

On Sep. 15, 2017, AngloGold Ashanti announced that it had signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with an undisclosed party. The MOU could result in the sale of the Kopanang mine to that party. Otherwise the mine would be placed on care and maintenance.
On Oct. 19, 2017, AngloGold Ashanti announced that the Kopanang mine is to be acquired by Heaven-Sent SA Sunshine Investment Company Limited (Hong Kong) through its 74%-owned subisdiary Village Main Reef Limited. The Kopanang gold plant and the Kopanang rock dump will be retained by AngloGold Ashanti.

AngloGold plans to expand its South Uranium plant

In the short term AngloGold wants to lift uranium production from 1.3-million pounds U3O8 [500 t U] a year to 2-million pounds U3O8 [769 t U]. It could generate 1.4-million pounds U3O8 [538 t U] of uranium this year, accounting for nearly all of South Africa's uranium production. AngloGold plans to expand its South Uranium plant to handle increased volumes from its Kopanang mine, which has higher uranium grades and volumes than the Great Noligwa mine, which is nearing the end of its life, Robbie Lazare, executive vice-president in charge of South Africa, said last week. (Business Day Sep. 6, 2010)

AngloGold plans new uranium plant at Kopanang mine

AngloGold Ashanti was planning a new R1-billion-plus uranium expansion at the Kopanang mine to take production to more than two-million pounds U3O8 [769 t U] a year, AngloGold Ashanti CEO Mark Cutifani said. Uranium production was up another 5% to 369,000 lb U3O8 [142 t U] in the quarter, in line with AngloGold Ashanti's 1.4-million pounds U3O8 [538 t U] full-year target from the present 1.2-million pounds U3O8 [462 t U]. (Mining Weekly May 15, 2009)

AngloGold Ashanti cancels uranium delivery contracts

On July 14, 2008, AngloGold Ashanti announced that it has "cancelled 1.0 million pounds U3O8 of its outstanding uranium contracts, which together with the deliveries effected since the start of the year, represents a reduction of 30% of uranium contracts that were outstanding as at 1 January 2008. This cancellation, which will result in a one-off pre-tax charge of US$32 million against second quarter's adjusted headline earnings, will result in the company beginning to participate in the uranium spot market from 2009."

AngloGold offers to process waste containing uranium for rivals

AngloGold Ashanti was "happy" to process mine waste containing uranium for rivals as record prices spur them to extract the nuclear fuel, the gold producer has said. "We'd be happy to use our plant to toll-treat their material on a commercial basis," chief executive Bobby Godsell said. AngloGold, which produces uranium as a by-product of gold mining, owns one of South Africa's only operational plants that can process the metal. Smaller rivals Gold Fields, Harmony Gold Mining and First Uranium are investigating ways to extract uranium left behind in waste dumps across the Witwatersrand and Free State gold fields. (Business Report May 4, 2007)

AngloGold plans uranium output increase

AngloGold Ashanti may raise annual uranium production to between 1,000 and 1,100 metric tons from about 700 tons currently, Steve Lenahan, a spokesman for the Johannesburg-based company, said in an interview. The company currently produces uranium as a byproduct of gold mining at its Great Noligwa mine in South Africa and expects to boost output when its Moab Khotsong mine opens.
The company is also studying whether to upgrade a processing plant so that it can process ore from the Kopanang dump, Lenahan said. (Business Report April 4, 2006)

AngloGold Ashanti is planning to increase the amount of uranium produced as a byproduct from its gold mining operations in the Vaal River area. AngloGold plans to increase its current production of 900 to 1,000 tonnes of uranium a year by developing its new Moab Khotsong gold mine, where it expects to move into areas of higher-grade uranium. (MineWeb Jan. 20, 2005)


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