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Issues at Operating Uranium Mines and Mills - Asia

(last updated 8 May 2020)



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Illegal uranium mining in Afghanistan unabated

Smugglers and unscrupulous elements are busy illegally excavating mines to plunder Afghanistan's uranium and gold reserves in Kohistan district of the northern Faryab province.
Officials and residents charged on Sep. 7, 2005, the uranium brought huge windfalls to the unauthorized excavators.
Officials at the Ministry of Mines and Industries admitted "irresponsible elements" were digging the site for precious metals. They said they were trying to prevent as soon as possible the brazen plunder of the assets belonging to the Afghan government and people.
A Kohistan-based mineral expert told Pajhwok Afghan News rapacious men, with no expertise and equipment, dug out large quantities of prized metals including uranium, gold, copper, lead and azure.
The glowing stones, often mishandled by the callow men, were smuggled to an unknown location, alleged Eng. Khan Mirza, who deplored the massive reserves were being exploited in a non-professional way.
The brazen practice was rampant during previous governments as well, he said while stressing an early end to what he called a loss of impoverished Afghanistan's abundant mineral resources.
Tucked away in the jagged Hindukush mountain range, Siku mines are situated 148 kilometres southeast of the provincial capital city of Maimana. (Pajhwok Afghan News/Asia Pulse, Sept 9, 2005)

China   flag

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Six Chinese uranium mines selected as 'National Green Mines'

On June 3, the Ministry of Land and Resources published the third group of National Green Mines, in which six were from CNNC. They are Jinan Uranium Corporation (721 mine), Caotao Bei mine of Jinrui Uranium Cor., Qinglong mine of North Uranium Cor., 745 mine of Jinyuan Uranium Cor., 737 and 739 factories of Xinjiang Tianshan Uranium Corporation.
Green mines, i.e. environmental friendly mines, are mining enterprises that are environmental friendly, and pay attention to issues such as energy saving, emissions reduction and land reclamation in their daily operations. The mines should also make contributions to their community. (CNNC June 7, 2013)

Study analyzes excessive radon concentrations in Chinese uranium mines, discusses reduction measures

"At present, the radon and radon progeny levels in Chinese uranium mines where the cut and fill stoping method is used are 3-5 times higher than those in foreign uranium mines, as there is not much difference in the investments for ventilation protection between Chinese uranium mines and international advanced uranium mines with compaction methodology. In this paper, through the analysis of radon reduction and ventilation systems in Chinese uranium mines and the comparison of advantages and disadvantages between a variety of ventilation systems in terms of radon control, the authors try to illustrate the reasons for the higher radon and radon progeny levels in Chinese uranium mines and put forward some problems in three areas, namely the theory of radon control and ventilation systems, radon reduction ventilation measures and ventilation management. [...]"
Analysis of radon reduction and ventilation systems in uranium mines in China, by Hu, PH, Li, XJ, in: Journal of Radiological Protection Vol. 32, No. 3, July 19, 2012, p. 289-300 (ahead of print)

India   flag

General · Andhra Pradesh · Jharkhand

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Workers at several uranium mines in India on strike

Over 4000 workers of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) Monday (June 10) went on an indefinite strike in support of their demand for wage revision and other benefits pending for the last five years.
Production came to a halt in all the seven mines of UCIL as the workers unanimously decided to take the warpath. The agitation started in the first half of the day at Turamdih Uranium Project where the workers went 600 metres down the mine to sit at dharna [sit in] and boycott work. Soon, the agitation spread to other UCIL mines in Narwa Pahar and Jadugora. (Avenue Mail June 11, 2019)

India plans ten-fold increase of uranium production within next 15 years

The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) would achieve a ten-fold rise in uranium production in three phases by 2031-32, the government today informed the Lok Sabha. In a written response to a question in the Lower House, Jitendra Singh, the Union minister of state in the Prime Minister's Office that directly looks after the DAE, sought to assuage concerns by saying there is no shortage of nuclear fuel for atomic plants in the country. (Business Standard Mar. 7, 2018)

India government, once again, pretends "public interest" for not disclosing annual uranium production figures

The Centre today refused to disclose the total production of nuclear fuel uranium in the country, stating it was "not in public interest".
In a written response in Rajya Sabha [upper house of the Parliament of India], Jitendra Singh, Minister of State in the Prime Ministers Office (PMO) said, "Pursuant to the civil nuclear cooperation with various countries, around 7,810 metric tonnes (MT) of natural uranium and 100 MT of enriched uranium have been imported from France, Russia, Kazakhstan and Canada since 2009." The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) reports directly to the PMO. "It is not in public interest to disclose the production of uranium in the country," Singh said.
"About 860 MT of uranium is required annually to meet the operational requirements of the existing Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs). Sixteen of these reactors have 220 MW capacity and two have 540 MW of capacity. Similarly, around 16 MT of enriched uranium is required for two Boiling Water Reactors," he stated.
The minister added that the DAE has plans to ramp up nuclear power generation in the country. "It (DAE) has aimed to increase uranium production ten-fold by 2031-32," he said. (PTI Apr. 6, 2017)

India's uranium mine workers go on indefinite strike

Workers of state-run Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) have gone on an indefinite strike from today demanding implementation of the wage revision agreement signed between the management and labour unions in March.
Of the four recognised labour unions, Singhbhum Uranium Mazdoor Union, Uranium Kamgaar Union (UKU) and Jadugora Labour Union have resorted to indefinite strike in all the units of UCIL including Turamdih, Narwapahar and Jadugora located in and around East Singhbhum and {Seraikela-Kharswan} districts, Rajaram Singh, General Secretary, UKU said. (Times of India Sep. 27, 2016)

An indefinite strike called by the labour unions of public sector Uranium Corporation of India (UCIL) here has been called off on the second day today after the management agreed to meet one of their demand on payment of annual bonus. (Business Standard Sep. 28, 2016)

India's uranium production declined by 10-15% after mining at Jaduguda uranium mine stopped following ministry order

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India government cites "public interest" for not divulging annual uranium production figures

In response to a question on average annual production from uranium mines and its quality, Minister of State for Department of Atomic Energy Jitendra Singh informed the Lok Sabha [lower house of the Parliament of India] that, "It is not in the public interest to disclose the quantity of production of uranium." (PTI Nov. 26, 2014)

Uranium Corporation of India wins 'corporate social responsibility & sustainability' and 'most eco-friendly' Public Sector Undertaking awards (!)

Uranium Corporation of India won two awards-best in 'corporate social responsibility & sustainability' and 'most eco-friendly' in the 'other Public Sector Undertakings' category. The India Today Group Public Sector Undertakings Awards "honour enterprises that have scripted success against many odds". (India Today Aug. 28, 2014)

Indian minister recommends afforestation around uranium mines to abate environmental degradation

Union Minister of State for Forest and Environment Jairam Ramesh today laid emphasis on massive tree plantation around mines in the country to fight the dangers of environmental degradation in such areas and sought a proposal in this regard from scientists in the field. Ramesh said serious measures need to be taken for environment protection around mines specially those of uranium, iron ore and limestone. Expressing concern over the dangers of carbon emission, Ramesh said the process of afforestation should be implemented at a faster pace to deal with the situation. (Indopia/PTI June 2, 2009)

Yellow Cake truck overturns in Andhra Pradesh

A trailer transporting a container with 62 drums of radioactive yellow cake from Jaduguda in Jharkhand to the Nuclear Fuel Complex at Hyderabad overturned at Narsannapeta in Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh on the morning of July 25, 2007. Police officials at Narsannapeta said the trailer overturned and fell into the fields when it swerved to avoid a bus overtaking it on the wrong side.
According to S.K. Malhotra, Head, Environment and Public Awareness Division, Department of Atomic Energy, there was no spillage. DAE officials found no change in the background radiation-levels, Mr. Malhotra said. Jawans of the Central Industrial Security Force were escorting the trailer. (The Hindu July 26, 2007)

Panel to probe alleged illegal uranium mining in Jharkhand

A two-member enquiry committee has been set up by the Jharkhand Government on March 23, 2005, to probe the alleged illegal mining of uranium in the State. (The Hindu March 24, 2005)


Andhra Pradesh (India)


Tummalapalle (YSR district, Andhra Pradesh, India)

(formerly called Pulivendula)

Residents demand relocation from area of groundwater contamination at Tummalapalle uranium mill tailings pond: Is rehabilitating [relocating] villagers of the seven affected villages around Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) mine and tailing pond in Kadapa district a solution to the ongoing struggle between UCIL and the surrounding villages? Though some of the locals and public representatives opine that they could be shifted if they are compensated, scientists and activists say that shifting is not a solution.
Increase in uranium and sodium levels in groundwater is making water unfit for drinking and irrigation. Analysis of documents of UCIL, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) and other agencies revealed that the baseline concentrations in Mabbuchintalapalle hand pump was 1.3 to 7 parts per billion (ppb) [equiv. to micrograms per litre] in 2010, but has now increased to 4,000 ppb from 690 ppb. (Times of India Nov. 20, 2019)

Study commissioned on groundwater contamination at Tummalapalle uranium mill tailings pond: The Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) has endorsed Nagpur-based National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) to conduct a study on the tailings pond created by the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) at Tummalapalle uranium mine in Kadapa district. The institute is expected to start the field study soon to assess if the tailings pond, which the APPCB said did not follow its guidelines while creation, was the source of reported contamination of ground water in nearby areas. (New Indian Express Nov. 10, 2019)

Residents living near Tummalapalle uranium mine block UCIL vehicles demanding supply of purified drinking water: The villagers of Mabbuchintapalle staged a dharna [non-violent sit-in protest] and obstructed the vehicles of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) on Thursday (Oct. 10) demanding that the company supply purified drinking water to them.
People in seven villages in Kadapa district and environmentalists have been alleging that Tummalapalle uranium mine is polluting the water bodies in the affected villages. Tummalapalle uranium mine is operated by UCIL, a public sector undertaking. After complaints, the UCIL had agreed to provide water to all seven villages. (New Indian Express Oct. 11, 2019)

State Pollution Control Board issues directions to UCIL on impacts of Tummalapalle uranium mine: The Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) has cracked the whip on Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) following high levels of uranium in groundwater in villages in Kadapa district.
The Board has issued directions to UCIL to conduct radiology impact studies by dermatologists and radiologists due to the release of radionuclide from its plant at Tummalapalle and surrounding villages. UCIL has also been asked to expedite pipeline-laying works from the Chitravati balancing reservoir to seven villages.
APPCB had also constituted a high-level expert committee to study the impact of processed waste slurry in the tailing pond on groundwater quality at the project site and also at Velpula, Medipentla and Kottala, the surrounding villages in the district.
On the safety front, the UCIL has been asked to provide impervious discharge channels or hose pipes to prevent erosion of the abutments and consequent seepage. It has been asked to share historical data of groundwater levels and detailed water quality characteristics from all monitoring boreholes and surrounding villages.
UCIL will also provide historical data on inflow and outflow characteristics of slurry to and from the tailing pond. It has been asked to complete greenbelt development of 360 hectare using local species within two years. UCIL will also have to submit a detailed action plan on plantation drive within the next 15 days. (Times of India Sep. 14, 2019)

Expert committee urges medial care for residents affected from impacts of Tummalapalle uranium mine: The expert committee that visited the plant of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) at Thummalapalle submitted its report to the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) on Wednesday (Sep. 11).
After visiting the villages located in the vicinity of the plant, the committee had come to the view that the residents were indeed victims as they were suffering from skin-related diseases, and urged the State government to conduct medical camps at the earliest. With complaints of groundwater contamination, the committee also saw a need to set up water treatment plants to provide safe drinking water to the affected villages. The committee, comprising scientists and officials, recommended monthly meetings between the plant's authorities and the villagers to sort out problems that might crop up from time to time. (The Hindu Sep. 11, 2019)

State Pollution Control Board to hold hearing on alleged violations leading to groundwater contamination at Tummalapalle uranium mine: Following complaints from farmers and villagers and the subsequent probe, the A.P. Pollution Control Board (APPCB) has issued a show-cause notice to the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) on alleged violation of norms at its plant at Tummalapalle in Kadapa district. The APPCB task force will be hearing the UCIL and the complaining villagers in Vijayawada on September 5, according to board Chairman B.S.S. Prasad.
In an interaction with The Hindu here, Mr. Prasad said, "Our reports suggest that there is a steep rise in the levels of sodium and other heavy metals in the groundwater at Tummalapalle and its surrounding areas. Besides, the UCIL has not implemented the measures suggested to protect the tailing pond from likely seepage. Top officials from the corporation will be attending the legal hearing." As per the detailed note it prepared, the APPCB wanted the UCIL to line the tailing pond with 250 micron polyethylene layer in order to prevent possible seepage of the effluents. The UCIL, instead, lined the pond with clay material with desired thickness as per the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) guidelines. The UCIL never approached the APPCB, or the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) for amendment over lining of the tailing pond.
The report further stated that the uranium concentration in the groundwater was 4,000 ppb (parts per billion) [equiv. to micrograms per litre] against the AERB permissible limit of 60 ppb. TDS alkalinity, hardness, magnesium, chromium and nickel present in the groundwater samples taken from agricultural land were much higher than the BIS permissible limits. The villages of Mobbuchintalapalli, KK Kotta and Kannampalli were badly affected due to the presence of high alkalinity and uranium concentrations, the report stated.
Following the report, the APPCB issued a show-cause notice to the UCIL under Section 33 (A) of Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Amendment Act, 1988. This apart, the APPCB and the UCIL together are expected to take a view on the demands of the villagers, which include supply of piped safe drinking water to their homes, jobs for locals and consideration of their agricultural land for acquisition by the UCIL for the purpose of expansion etc. (The Hindu Aug. 31, 2019)

Uranium mining polluting groundwater in Andhra Pradesh villages, scientists warn: A group of retired scientists from top research institutions in the country along with environmentalists from AP, Telangana and Odisha have cautioned the AP Pollution Control Board about contamination of groundwater in several villages around the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) in Kadapa.
Scientists found fault with APPCB in a strongly worded letter written to its member secretary and IAS official Vivek Yadav. They said three villages - Mabbuchintalapalli, KK Kotala and Kanumalavaripalli of Vemula Mandal - in Kadapa were the worst hit.
"They use thousands of tonnes of sodium carbonate. They have violated conditions of environmental clearance. The villages around the pond where the chemical sludge is seeping into the groundwater has been affected," said K Babu Rao, a retired senior scientist from the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology. (Times of India Aug. 9, 2019)

Scientific advisers detained on way to meeting of UCIL with residents concerned about environmental impacts of Tummalapalle uranium mine: [...] officials of the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) on Monday (Apr. 9) conducted an 'awareness' meeting with select people of Tummalapalle and nearby villages. The session was, however, marred by detention of a team of environment and human rights activists proceeding to the uranium mining plant in Tummalapalle. The team led by senior chemical scientist and environment expert Dr K Babu Rao was invited by locals for support.
The police detained the expert team and kept them in police station till evening. But, following protests by villagers, the police allowed Babu Rao and others to interact with nuclear scientists and officials from UCIL and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). (Times of India Apr. 10, 2018)

Water pollution from Tummalapalle uranium mine affects local agriculture and residents' health: KK Kotala is one of the most affected villages in the area, facing soil and groundwater contamination ever since the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) set up a mine and a processing plant in the neighbouring village of Tummalapalle.
Locals allege that the uranium mine's tailing pond, a wet storage area where the by-products discharged from the mine are transported by a pipeline for containment, is not leak-proof. Due to this, they say that the slush enters their farms and water sources, thereby affecting agriculture and other forms of livelihood in the area.
Activists and locals are now demanding that the UCIL must adopt measures to tackle the pollution as per The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
Speaking to TNM, Dr K Babu Rao, a retired scientist of the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) and a Human Rights Forum (HRF) activist said, "Trial runs were conducted for the pilot studies from 2012 and for 5 years there was unchecked dumping of chemical wastage … which led to deterioration of the soil in the area." Recently, a team of experts from various departments of the AP government constituted a committee to study the impact of the effluents from UCIL on agriculture and allied sectors in the surrounding villages of the same mandal. The team's findings (a copy of which is with TNM), sent this month to Kadapa Collector, T Baburao Naidu, reported that soil in the three villages was alkaline with a pH range in between 8.5 and 10 which "generally hinders crop growth." It also noted that the availability of nutrients for the plants to grow was also very low.
The Ground Water Department observed precipitation along several areas of the drip-pipeline, which suggested that heavy rainfall and shallow water table conditions led to sodium bicarbonate leaching into the water table in the region. (The News Minute Feb. 23, 2018)

More uranium reserves found at Tummalapalle mine: Tummalapalle village in Kadapa district hosts more uranium reserves than believed. Researchers have now found uranium reserves buried at 1,000 metres in the earth at Tummalapalle and surrounding areas. Earlier, uranium reserves were found only up to a depth of about 250 metres. The finding could mean that the Tummalapalle uranium mine may last beyond 2050. The present reserves are expected to last between 20 and 30 years depending on the quantum of uranium oxide ore excavated per year. (Times of India Jan. 20, 2017)

UCIL plans 50% capacity increase for Tummalapalle uranium mine: Buoyed by the high quality uranium reserves at Tummalapalle in Kadapa district, the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) has proposed to expansion of its production capacity from the present 0.9 million tonnes [of ore] per annum to 1.35 million tonnes per annum.
The Reconstituted Expert Appraisal Committee (non coal mining) directed that the UCIL conduct an environment impact assessment (EIA) and environment management (EM) survey besides public hearing in Tummalapalle and surrounding villages. The Expert Appraisal Committee will take a final call based on the EIAEM studies. Earlier, the Union ministry of environment, forests and climate change (MoEFCC) cleared the proposal for expansion.
[...] Though the uranium reserves in Kadapa district could fuel the nuclear power plants in the country for several decades, several studies conducted in and around Tummalapalle revealed contamination of water, soil and air.
The UCIL is likely to face tough environmental battle from rights groups as it prepares to hold the EIAEM survey and public hearings. Incidentally, the UCIL has held back its plans to set up a uranium mining plant in Nalgonda district following strong resentment from the rights groups and the locals.
The UCIL submitted the expansion proposal on June 29, 2016. The expert committee heard the UCIL's and other proposals during November 23-25, 2016 and upload the result on its website on December 7, 2016 calling for EIAEM study and public hearing. Since this is a long drawn procedure, the expansion may not take place during the year. The project area is spared over 973.61 hectares and the UCIL made it clear that it will not increase the project area while expanding the production capacity by 0.45 million tonnes.
The UCIL also envisages expansion of the existing ore processing plant commensurate with the increased mining production. According to the proposal submitted to the expert committee, the mine and associated ore processing plant will come up on 813.61 hectares in Tummalapalle, Mobbuchintapalle, Bumayigaripalle and Rachakuntapalle villages.
A disposal unit has been planned over 60 hectares at Kottalu village, six km away from the plant. "With present plan for enhancement of production capacity and deepening of the mine at a later stage (as most part of the reserve is below 275 metres), the overall life of the operations is expected to be for more than 30 years. However, the reserve up to a depth of 275 metres is expected to last for 20 years at the expanded capacity ," the UCIL said in its proposal. After processing the ore, uranium concentrate will be sent to the Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) in Hyderabad through road. (Times of India Jan. 11, 2017)
> Download: Minutes of Expert Appraisal Committee meeting held during November 23-25, 2016 (902k PDF, see p.53-59)

High levels of heavy metals found in water and soil at villages around Tummalapalle uranium mine: The quality of water in uranium-rich Tummalapalle and surrounding villages in Kadapa district has deteriorated with high levels of heavy and trace metals. Researchers suggest that the state government should immediately initiate remedial measures to prevent further deterioration of the environment.
Researchers have found that wind and rain are responsible for the spread of the contamination from the mining area to other localities in the region.
Researchers from Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University-Anantapur and its affiliated JNTUA College of Engineering at Pulivendula, analysed samples of water and soil collected from Mabbuchintalapalle, Tummalapalle, Rajakuntapalle, Bhomaiahgaripalle, and V Kota villages to find out the extent of deterioration. They detected heavy and trace metals like barium, cobalt, chromium, copper, molybdenum, nickel, lead, rubidium, strontium, vanadium, yttrium, zinc, and zirconium.
Only nickel, strontium, zinc, zirconium, and rubidium were within the permissible limit, while other elements crossed the maximum limit. "The increased levels of barium, arsenic, cobalt, chromium, copper, molybdenum, lead, vanadium and yttrium are a major concern for the suitability in agricultural and other land management practices," the researchers said, warning that they may enter the food chain. (Times of India Dec. 3, 2016)
P. Mamatha, K. Aruna, T. Mohammad Munawar and A. V. N. Swamy: Heavy Metal Analysis in soil samples of Some Villages Near Uranium Corporation of India Limited Thummalapalle using Wavelength-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, in: International Journal of Advanced Research (2016), Volume 4, Issue 7, p.1-6 (ISSN 2320-5407, open access).

Uranium concentrations in ground water near Thummalapalle uranium mine below WHO guideline: researchers: The quantum of uranium in the groundwater of Thummalapalle, in Kadapa district, is below the maximum limit prescribed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and therefore does not pose an immediate risk to people living in the area, concluded a team of researchers.
Researchers from Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Anantapur, Health Physics Unit of Nuclear Fuel Complex, Hyderabad, and Environmental Assessment Division of BARC, Mumbai conducted the study.
In the backdrop of UCIL's operations, researchers collected about two dozen groundwater samples from Thummalapalle and surrounding villages. The samples spanned 12 months covering both pre-monsoon and post-monsoon periods.
According to Prof Suggala V Satyanarayana, the uranium concentration in ground water varied slightly between pre-monsoon and post-monsoon months, with summer period recording high concentration of this radioactive element. However, the average reading was below the WHO guideline value of 30 micro-grams per litre of water, he said. "We conducted background concentration of natural uranium and other physicochemical parameters in drinking water around Thummalapalle uranium mining and milling site. Water samples from 24 locations showed uranium concentration ranging between 2 micro-grams per litre and 34 micro-grams per litre during summer. Over all, it was below 30 micro-grams per litre prescribed by the WHO," Prof Satyanarayana told TOI.
Around 96 per cent of water samples analysed contained uranium below the WHO norms, he said. (Times of India Feb. 3, 2014)

Protests against expansion of Tummalapalle uranium mill: Mild tension prevailed at the site for the proposed uranium plant at Thummalapalle village in Vemula mandal on Wednesday (June 19) with the police using mild force to quell the CPI (Communist Party of India) activists who staged a protest against the second phase works of the plant.
Scores of CPI activists led by their party's state secretary K Narayana gathered at the plant site and shouted slogans against the government for giving permission for the plant. They also tried to barge into the plant premises but prevented by the police, who were deployed there in large numbers to respond to any untoward incidents. Alleging that the Congress government is playing havoc with the lives of the people by setting up the uranium plant at Thummalapalle, Narayana demanded that the government shut down the plant immediately. (Indian Express June 20, 2013)

Residents complain about environmental impacts of Tummalapalle uranium project: Uranium mining at Thummalapalle in Pulivendula and Kadiri in Anantapur district is leading to radiation and causing water pollution, thus endangering the health of people, Rayalaseema Rashtra Samithi [political party] president K. Venkatasubba Reddy alleged on Tuesday (June 4). A 140 km. tunnel was being dug for excavating uranium and it caused steep depletion of groundwater, he said. Drinking water was being contaminated and water was not available for irrigation, he alleged.
Meanwhile, United Forum Against Uranium Project leaders submitted a memorandum to in-charge District Collector [chief administrative officer] K. Nirmala complaining against the UCIL Executive Director. The UCIL laid tailing pipeline through two acres of land belonging to L. Damodar Reddy in Mabbuchinthalapalle in Vemula mandal, they alleged. The pipeline leakage on April 22 led to the death of goats due to internal chemical injuries and skin burns when they entered the sludge pond. (The Hindu June 5, 2013)

Protests against planned expansion of Tummalapalle uranium mill: The Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) plans to increase the uranium ore processing capacity at its plant has met with stiff resistance from locals of Thummalapalle village and environmental activists. The activists oppose the expansion plans saying that it will further pollute the resource-rich belt in Kadapa.
The Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) is planning to increase the uranium ore processing capacity at its plant at Thummalapalle village in Vemula mandal of the district from the present 3,000 tonnes per day (tpd) to 4,500 tpd. It will hold a public hearing on May 30 to elicit the opinion of the local people and environmental activists before going ahead with the expansion. (Times of India May 20, 2013)

Final product packaging plant commissioned at Tumallapalle uranium mill - nine months after inauguration; extension planned: State-owned Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) has commissioned the final product packaging plant at its Tumallapalle mine and processing plant in Cuddapah district of Andhra Pradesh. "We have achieved a milestone by launching the first unit in Andhra Pradesh and put it on trial run since last Wednesday," said UCIL Chairman-cum-Managing Director Diwakar Acharya. Addressing a press conference today at Narwapahar project premises, about 20 km from here, Acharya expressed satisfaction over the progress of Tumallapalle project, which will be the largest plant of UCIL with a capacity of 3,000 tonnes ore production as well as processing per day. The work is going on in full swing and the plant is expected to be fully operational soon, he said, adding that Uranium Corporation has invested around Rs 11 billion [US$ 202 million] in the project, which was the first unit of the PSU [public sector undertaking] beyond Jharkhand.
After the commissioning of the project, the company has plans to expand it in the vicinity and extract additional 1,500 tonnes ore per day. "We will be investing another over Rs 8 billion [US$ 147 million] for the expansion," he said, adding that UCIL has plans to take up another expansion in Kanampalle. The Tumallapalle plant would reach a production capacity of 6,000 tonnes per day following the commissioning of all the three phases. (The Hindu Jan. 18, 2013)

Groundwater abstraction for Tummalapalle uranium mine endangers agriculture: The much-touted uranium project has proven to be a curse on the farmers of villages adjacent to the project area in Vemula mandal. The miners have been continuously pumping out ground water, on which most of farmers had been depending upon for their agricultural needs. With ground water fast depleting after uranium mining was taken up in the 19 sq km area, in Tummalapalli, Rachakuntapalli, Bhumaiagaripalli and KK Kottala villages, around the mining area, farmers now lament that they are not able to get water even at a depth of 1,000 ft. (IBN Aug. 21, 2012)

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Jharkhand (India)

General (Jharkhand)

Independent report prepared on environmental impacts of new uranium mines in Jharkhand: Reckless dumping of radioactive waste in Jharkhand is contaminating surface and ground water, putting thousands of locals at risk of developing cancer, according to a report by independent researchers.
For its three new mines i.e. Turamdih, Banduhurang and Mohuldih Uranium Mine, UCIL has one tailing pond at Talsa village, which fails to prevent sludge overflow and is not even fenced.
PT George, director of research institute Intercultural Resources , and independent writer Tarun Kanti Bose, spent six months studying the effects of uranium mining in the areas around the mines. Their report, Paradise Lost, released recently, states that UCIL's irresponsible dumping in the vicinity of Jaduguda village (in Purbi Singhbhum district) is extremely worrisome as continued exposure to radiation will lead to increased cases of leukaemia and other blood diseases.
Heaps of uranium mining wastes have been abandoned in Dhodanga, Kerwadungri villages and those around Banduhurang open cast mine, according to the report. "The dumping has been going on for the last five years," said Ghanshyam Birulee, a 45-year-old resident of Jaduguda village. "Despite complaints to UCIL, it has failed to take any action." (DNA June 8, 2013)

A Paradise Lost: Tribes of Jharkhand fight against Uranium Mines - A Report on the Impacts of New Uranium Mines in Jharkhand, by Tarun Kanti Bose and PT George, 2013, 32 p.


Baghjanta mine (Jharkhand)

(also spelled Bagjata)

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Ore transport from Bagjata uranium mine interrupted by villager who dug up road in quest for promised job at UCIL: Transportation of uranium ore from Bagjata mines at Mosabani in Ghatshila subdivision to Uranium Corporation of India's Jadugoda plant was affected on Thursday (Nov. 30) after a villager dug up the connecting road at Nimdih village demanding a job with the corporation.
Budheswar Mahali took the drastic step because he was promised a job at UCIL after had given land for constructing the Nimdih-Bagjata road to transport uranium ore a decade ago. Supported by around 50 villagers, Mahali squatted on the road right through the day and did not allow any UCIL vehicle to pass through that stretch. (The Telegraph Dec. 1, 2017)

Ore transport from Bagjata uranium mine suspended, after rebels set truck with ore on fire: Transporting companies suspended the ore transportation after one of their trucks were torched by Maoists near Bakra bridge on Musabani-Bagjata road, around 50km from the district headquarters, on May 7.
"The 3000-ton Jadugora uranium mill is at present functioning to its full capacity. But we have limited stock of ore. The enrichment [ore concentration] exercise will take a hit as the remaining 500 ton of ore, which was normally supplied from the Bagjata mine, has not been delivered owing to suspension of ore transportation work," said UCIL's public relations officer Pinaki Roy. (The Times of India May 11, 2014)
An armed squad of CPI(Maoist) torched a dumper transporting uranium ore to a plant belonging to Uranium Corporation of India in Ghatshila around midnight last night, prompting the PSU to knock on the doors of the police for extra security. "The uranium ore-laden dumper had been intercepted by the rebel squad 10 minutes after it had left Bagjata mines around 12.30am," said SP (rural) Shailendra Kumar Srivastava. (The Telegraph May 7, 2014)

Rebels press for jobs for displaced residents at Bagjata uranium mine: In the wake of Maoist posters appearing every now and then on heavy vehicles that ferry Uranium ore from Bagjata mines to Jadugora processing unit, in adjoining Seraikela-Kharsawan district, the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) has expressed apprehensions over excavation work. The CPI (Maoist) squad leaders have threatened transporters with dire consequences if they continue to do business with the UCIL as local people are allegedly opposed to the excavation work at Bagjata.
The banned outfit had been demanding permanent jobs for the locals in the company as compensation against land acquisition in Bagjata is already mired in controversy. "Over 150 displaced families in Bagjata are yet to be compensated but the company refuses to recognize them as oustees," said a member of the Jharkhand Krantikari Mazdoor Union apparently confirming Maoists demand. (Times of India Jan. 28, 2014)

Protests stall excavation at Bagjata and Mahuldih uranium mines: Excavation work at two important mines of the state-owned Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) has been stalled following protests by local residents, whose demands include permanent jobs in the company as compensation against land acquisition. Work at Bagjata and Jadugoda mines are under suspension for nearly a week.
"The protesters (in Bagjata) are demanding that 150 be employed on permanent roll in the company in the next one year which is not feasible as we have fulfilled all compensatory obligations in accordance with the existing R&R (rehabilitation and resettlement) policy of the company," said UCIL executive director Pinaki Roy. (Times of India Oct. 19, 2012)

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Bandugurang, Jharkhand (India)

(also spelled Banduhurang, Bandurang)

> View deposit details

Contract workers rally for permanent jobs at Bandugurang uranium mine
About 500 people, including 341 contract employees of the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL)'s open pit Bandurang mine, on Tuesday (Aug. 6) staged a demonstration at the district headquarters (in Jamshedpur) seeking restoration of their the jobs. The agitating employees who arrived at the deputy commissioner office travelling 50 km from Bandurang, suspect foul play behind the corporation's decision to terminate the private firm GOIL from the job that had employed them at the open cast mine. (Times of India Aug. 7, 2013)

Workers on strike at Bandugurang uranium mine
Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) has suspended its operations in the Banduhrang open cast mines owing to rift between the workers and management of the private agency hired by the corporation to carry out mining work at the mines. The Gulf Oil Company, which is carrying out the excavation work at the mines, has failed to resolve the longstanding wage issues of the workers following which the enraged workers have been on strike for the last one week. (Times of India May 21, 2012)

Tribal villagers protest against land acquisition for Banduhurang tailings dam
Traffic movement was disrupted for about two hours at the Old Court Road in Sakchi (Jamshedpur) on the afternoon of May 19, 2009, as tribal villagers staged a demonstration against a land acquisition drive by the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL). The agitators with placards and banners were up in arms against the PSU (Public Sector Undertaking) for its land acquisition drive.
Earlier, UCIL, through a public notice issued last month, had informed the villagers of its land acquisition drive. The company proposes to acquire 276.62 acres for its tailing pond project. The tailing pond will be used for dumping waste generated from UCIL's Banduhurang mines.
Talsa village chief Durga Chandra Murmu claimed that more than 1,500 families would be affected if lands were acquired. According to Murmu, a large patch of agricultural land would be acquired by the company for developing the proposed tailing pond. "Most of the villagers are dependent on agriculture and would not gain anything form the mining projects. We don't want to lose our land, which is the only thing tribals have been left with," added Murmu. (The Telegraph May 19, 2009)

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Jaduguda, Jharkhand (India)

> see extra page


Mohuldih mine (Jharkhand)

(also spelled Mahuldih)

> View deposit info

Workers at Turamdih and Mohuldih uranium mines on strike over COVID-19-based pay cuts:
> View here

Protests stall excavation at Bagjata and Mahuldih uranium mines: Excavation work at two important mines of the state-owned Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) has been stalled following protests by local residents, whose demands include permanent jobs in the company as compensation against land acquisition. Work at Bagjata and Jadugoda mines are under suspension for nearly a week.
In Mahuldih, stand-off between contract workers and authorities of the mining firm over wage revision has hit mining. "We look forward to soon resolve the stand-off at both the mines as the local administration is also co-operating with us," said Roy. According to the authorities, frequent agitations are impairing progress of work at UCIL.
Operations at Jadugoda mine, the premier uranium enterprise's seventh underground mine that has 500 tonne per day capacity, was commissioned few months ago. (Times of India Oct. 19, 2012)

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Narwapahar, Jharkhand (India)

> View deposit details

Displaced people demonstrate at Narwapahar uranium mine: Hundreds of displacement victims of Jadugora took out a protest march in support of their various demands on Wednesday (July 3). They also staged a demonstration before Narwa Pahar Uranium Project mines gate.
The protest march started at Hartopa Chowk and culminated into a gathering at mines gate. The protestors comprised a large number of women who carried placards bearing slogans to raise demand for jobs, education facility and other benefits. The protestors said those having given their land to the company should be given employment with other benefits. They alleged that hundreds of families were still deprived of jobs and other benefits due to the apathy of UCIL management. (Avenue Mail July 4, 2019)

People displaced for expansion of Narwapahar uranium mine stop uranium ore transports in demand for jobs: The indefinite agitation of displacement victims of Narwa Pahar staged a non-violent sit-in protest on the second consecutive day here on Wednesday (Sep. 28) at Narwa Main Gate. Holding placards, the agitators demanded jobs in order to call off the protest. The agitators said that the company should either give them jobs or should return their lands. The agitators, demonstrating under the banner of UCIL Narwa Pahar Visthapit Committee, were led by Somay Kisku and Khelaram Murmu. Earlier in the day, the agitators stopped the transportation of Uranium ore from Narwa to Jadugora. A large number of local youths participated in the agitation. (Avenue Mail Sep. 28, 2016)

People displaced for expansion of Narwapahar uranium mine block mine gate in demand for jobs: Demanding jobs, the Murgaghutu displaced on Friday (June 10) blocked the main gate of UCIL (Uranium Corporation of India Limited) Narwa Mines under Jadugora Police Station area, around 23 km from steel city.
Significantly, the displaced headed by Khelaram Besra of Murgaghutu panchayat were silently protesting with their demands for last one month. But when, no response came from the UCIL management, the villagers agitated and blocked the gate which resulted the dumper and heavy vehicles come to a standstill. (Avenue Mail June 11, 2016)

UCIL plans expansion of Jadugoda and Narwapahar uranium mines (Jharkhand): Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) has decided to extend Jadugoda and Narwapahar mines in East Singhbhum district. UCIL is carrying out data collection, analysis and interpretation to expand mining activities through intensive drilling and other methods. (The Telegraph Jan. 19, 2013)


Rakha, Surda and Mosaboni Uranium Recovery Plants, Jharkhand (India)

(Mosaboni also spelled Musabani, Mosabani)
(uranium is by-product of copper production)

> View deposit details

Government of India issues Environmental Clearance for uranium recovery from copper tailings at Musabani: On Oct. 11, 2018, India's Ministry of Environment issued the Environmental Clearance for the "Uranium recovery plant from Copper tailing at Mosabani for the capacity of 0.9 MTPA by M/s Uranium Corporation of India Limited located at Mosabani, East Singhbam District, Jharkhand".
> Download: Environmental Clearance , Gov. of India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Oct. 11, 2018 (6.5MB PDF)

UCIL to revive plant for uranium recovery from copper tailings at Musabani: The state-run Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) will revive its uranium recovery plant in Musabani, 53 km from the district headquarters. In light of improved prospects for copper mining, the Musabani-based Hindustan Copper Ltd (HCL) has decided to expand its mines and its concentrator plant, and UCIL has accordingly decided to revive its plant at the same location.
The proposed plant, called Musabani Uranium Recovery Plant (MURP), is spread over 4.158 hectares between Rangamatiya and Badia villages. The plant will utilize the tailings received from HCLs Copper Concentrator Plant (HCCP) to extract uranium-bearing material. The uranium content of the tailings will be upgraded to a certain amount by tabling method of mineral beneficiation. After recovery of uranium bearing material, the remaining tailings will be pumped back to HCCP. (Times of India Apr. 13, 2018)


Turamdih, Jharkhand (India)

> View deposit details

Workers at Turamdih and Mohuldih uranium mines on strike over COVID-19-based pay cuts: Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) employees working at Turamdih and Mahuldih mines at Jadugora on Thursday (May 7) went on a strike after the management allegedly resorted to salary cutting.
Employees claimed that they are getting lesser salary due to lockdown. As they turned up for the A-shift duty, the employees staged a dharna [sit in] at the entrance of the UCIL's mines' office gate demanding the payment that had been cut from their salaries. (Avenue Mail May 7, 2020)

Three miners killed and nine injured in Turamdih uranium mine accident: One miner was today killed and nine others were injured in an accident in one of the mines of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) near here. The accident occurred at Turamdih mine in the outskirts of Jamshedpur when the workers were cleaning accumulated slush, Dalbhum sub-divisional officer Suraj Kumar said. As per the primary report water had gushed in suddenly causing the mud to flow and trapping the miners, UCIL chairman-cum-managing director Diwakar Acharya told PTI. One of them, Milan Karmakar was killed, while 11 others were trapped in the slush. Nine of them have been rescued. Operations were on to rescue the rest two and the injured were rushed to Tata Main Hospital, where their condition was stated to be stable, he said. (Business Standard May 28, 2016)

According to The Telegraph of May 30, 2016, the death toll has risen to three.

Expansion of Turamdih uranium mill tailings pond approved: "The 2nd stage tailings pond at Turamdih will create capacity for management of tailings of Turamdih plant. AERB clearance of the project has been obtained." (48th Annual Report 2014-15, Uranium Corporation of India Limited)

Anti-uranium mining activist murdered: Anti-Uranium mining activist, Salku Chaki (32) father of three small children was brutally murdered on 4th August. His body was found in the UCIL Turamdih colony. (IndiaResists Aug. 6/8, 2014)

Landlosers stop UCIL officials from accessing Turamdih uranium mine: Two officials of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) were assaulted today allegedly by angry landlosers at Turamdih on the outskirts of Jamshedpur, officials said. "A group of villagers stopped the employees from going to Turamdih mine. They assaulted General Manager (Mill) S K Srivastav and Deputy General Manager (Mechanical) Guha Niyogi along with others," Chairman-cum-Managing Director of UCIL, Dr Ramendra Gupta, told PTI. Works have been suspended at Turamdih mine, its processing plant and Bandurang open pit mine, he said. The protesters including an employee of UCIL, who was suspended yesterday, gathered at the main gate of Turamdih mine and stopped employees from getting in the mine premises demanding employment, Gupta said. UCIL had acquired around 300 acres of land at Dhodanga village in 2005 but the villagers have illegally set up dwelling units on it. They have been preventing UCIL from blasting the area for mining, CMD said. (IBNLive Apr. 5, 2011)

Second public hearing on expansion of Turamdih uranium mill stalled after protests by villagers: A public hearing on expansion of UCIL's Turamdih mines was put off today (March 10) after an irate village mob chased away Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board (JSPCB) officials and held the uranium major’s senior general manager (personnel) hostage. This was the second time a public hearing organised by the regional office of JSPCB for UCIL was stalled. The first was called off on October 20 last year, when villagers barricaded the venue.
Today's hearing was scheduled at Turamdih football grounds at 11am. No sooner did senior JSPCB and UCIL officials begin proceedings, some villagers armed with traditional weapons like bows and arrows and swords started shouting anti-UCIL slogans. "We will not allow expansion of the mines because the company cheated on us. Though it is not acquiring extra acres now, it never compensated those who were displaced when the Turamdih mines became operational," said Ashok Karmakar, a protester. (The Telegraph, Calcutta, March 10, 2011)

Turamdih uranium mill halted for water shortage: The production in the processing plant of Turamdih uranium mine has been suspended due to water shortage, officials said. S K Srivastav, General Manager of Processing Plant of UCIL, said the processing plant, which has 3000 ton per day capacity, has been lying idle for the last four days as the water source of Kharkhai river has dried up. About 8000 to 9000 cusec (cubic feet per second) [= 226 - 255 cubic metres per second !?] water is needed to run the plant, he said. Srivastav said efforts have been underway to draw water from the nearby areas. He said UCIL has decided to transfer the mine water from Jadugora mine to run the mine for a few days. A study has been carried out in the nearby areas to identify a spot from where water could be drawn, officials said. (PTI Mar. 3, 2011)

Protest leads to scrapping of public hearing on expansion of Turamdih uranium mill: A public hearing on the proposed expansion of public sector Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) at the uranium mine in Turamdih could not take place today (Oct. 20) due to protest by villagers. Organised by Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board on the directive of the central government, the hearing was to take place for expansion of UCIL's processing plant from the existing capacity of 3000 tonne per day to 4500 tonne per day.
However, officials of East Singhbhum district, UCIL and PCB could not reach the venue at Turamdih football ground as hundreds of villagers under the banner of Jharkhand Krantikari Mazdoor Union (JKMU) locked all the entry points and staged a massive demonstration against the hearing, UCIL sources said. JKMU president Fudan Murmu said the UCIL and PCB had violated all norms of the public hearing as it did not issue any notice to the Gram Sabha concerned or the affected villagers beforehand. Besides, the hearing, which should have been taken place in a public place, was being organized in the UCIL's premises in violation of the guidelines, he alleged.
Apprehending that several families would be affected following the expansion, Murmu said about 500 tribal families, displaced by UCIL's projects in 1983-84 and 2005, were not yet given any employment or adequate compensation. Members of displaced families had been implicated in false cases by the UCIL management in the past, he claimed. Besides, rampant pollution due to mining was also a cause behind our protest, he said. (PTI Oct. 20, 2010)

UCIL to commission Turamdih mine soon: On July 5, 2008, the Chairman and Managing Director of Uranium Corp of India (UCIL) Ramendra Gupta said a processing plant with an installed capacity of 3,000 tons per day was on trial run at Turamdih mine, and is likely to be commissioned soon. Pointing out that UCIL has invested Rs 8 billion [US$ 185 million] during the last five years for expansion, he said two open cast mines one at Bandujurang and Turamdih each have already been commissioned, whereas two others - Bagjata and Mahuldih - were under construction. Gupta said there was a need for further expansion of Turamdih plant. Referring to the mining lease, he said it had been approved but execution was still awaited.
To a query about flow-in of uranium waste from the Turamdih tailing pond in the Talsa village following record rainfall on June 18, 2008, Gupta said there was some water flow-in in the village due to heavy rain. However, compensation to the affected family equivalent to one year crop had been given, he said.
Referring to the construction of another tailing pond, he said UCIL had deposited 80 per cent of the cost land four years ago but it was yet to be approved by the government. (The Economic Times July 5, 2008)

Heavy rain causes tailings overflow into Turamdih village: Owing to the record 338.1 mm rainfall on June 17, 2008, in Jharkhand State of India, maximum in the past six decades, radioactive wastes from the tailing pond of Turamdih uranium mines on the outskirts of the Jamshedpur city has reportedly spilled over into the village ponds, wells and fields. According to the sources, the spill over was obvious due to torrential rain as there is no way to divert the water flowing into the village.
After the uranium ore is mined and processed here, the "yellow cake'" is sent to the Nuclear Fuel Complex in Hyderabad for enrichment. The waste is then brought back to the UCIL (Uranium Corporation of India Limited) complex for further extraction, after which the waste is dumped, into the ponds.
Apprehending threat to lives, the villagers have reportedly stopped fetching water from the wells and ponds. The UCIL admitted the spill over but said there is no threat to life due to radiation. A team of scientists from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre visited the affected village and collected water samples for analysis. (American Chronicle June 24, 2008)

The Turamdih uranium mill was inaugurated on June 25, 2007. The plant has a processing capacity of 3,000 tonnes of uranium ore per day. The construction cost was Rs 3.5 billion [US$ 86 million]. The plant will process the uranium ore extracted from the Turamdih and Mohuldih underground mines and the Banduhurang open cast mine. (Times of India, June 25, 2007)

The East Sighbhum district administration has served a showcause notice on the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) for unauthorised mining in Fuljhari, Turamdih and another two new mines in Keuradungrui. According to East Singhbhum Deputy Commissioner (DC) Nitin Kulkarni, UCIL illegally started mining, while the applications for mining are still pending with the State Government. (Ranchi Express Oct. 16, 2006)

According to UCIL chairman-cum-managing director Ramendra Gupta, the Turamdih ore processing plant is to be commissioned by December, 2006. (PTI June 6, 2006)

The construction of the Turamdih uranium mill has begun and should be completed by 2006-2007. (PTI, March 19, 2005)

The new Turamdih uranium mine was opened on Nov. 9, 2002. (Times of India Nov. 2002)

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General · Kyzylorda · South Kazakhstan

Site Index:
Akdal · Inkay · Muyunkum (Moinkum) · Kandjugan · North Kharasan · South Inkay

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Kazatomprom expects up to 4,000 t U decrease in uranium production in 2020 due to COVID-19 impact

The measures taken by Kazatomprom to slow the spread of the COVID-19 virus are expected to remain in place for three months, resulting in a lower level of wellfield development activity and, in consequence, a reduction in production volumes. Based on that assumption, the Company expects Kazakhstan's 2020 annual uranium production volume to decrease by up to 4,000 tU from previous expectations (previously 22,750 tU to 22,800 tU on a 100% basis), although the precise impact on production may vary from this estimate. (Kazatomprom Apr. 7, 2020)

Kazakh ex-uranium boss released early after 10 years in jail for corruption

A court in Kazakhstan on Tuesday (Mar. 3) freed the former head of the world's largest uranium producer, who is one of the country's best-known political prisoners, after a decade behind bars. Mukhtar Djakishev, 56, who led the state uranium giant Kazatomprom for over 10 years prior to his arrest on embezzlement charges in 2009, was considered a political prisoner by international rights groups.
The decision of a court in the northeastern city of Semey to release Djakishev with less than four years of his 14-year sentence remaining came after appeals for early release were rejected last year and in 2018. (AFP Mar. 3, 2020)

Kazatomprom announces extension of 20% cut to uranium production through 2021

On Aug. 20, 2019, JSC National Atomic Company "Kazatomprom" announced its intention to continue to flex down production by 20% through 2021, compared to the planned levels under Subsoil Use Contracts.
The decision to extend production curtailment reflects the fact that the uranium market is still recovering from a period of oversupply, and uranium prices remain low.
The full implementation of this decision would remove up to 5,600 tU from anticipated global primary supply in 2021.

Kazatomprom plans 20% cut to uranium production in 2019

On May 2, 2019, Kazatomprom announced that production is expected to total approximately 22,750 to 22,800 tU (100% basis) in 2019; without the reduction, production would have exceeded 28,500 tU (100% basis) in 2019.

Kazakhstan to start uranium exports to Ukraine

Kazakhstan will start exporting uranium to Ukraine. A national nuclear company has won a tender for export of uranium oxide concentrate.
Gennadiy Kobal, Director, International Expert Company: The tender was announced for a total purchase of 1,200 tonnes. According to our information, volumes will be lower, which is approximately 1000 tonnes. (Khabar Agency Nov. 19, 2018)

Kazakhstan exports uranium to Sweden

Kazakhstan concluded a contract with Swedish Company Vattenfall AB for the supply of natural uranium. The commercial cooperation agreement was signed between Kazatomprom group and Vattenfall AB based on the results of a tender for procurement of nuclear fuel for the needs of their NPPs. (Kazatomprom June 14, 2018)

Kazakh uranium exports to Iran delayed

Kazakh national company Kazatomprom plans to begin its supplying uranium to Iran after permission of "The Six", the company's chairman, Galymzhan Pirmatov, said in Astana on December 21.
"According to the UN Security Council resolution, the delivery of uranium concentrate to Iran can be possible only after the permission of the six countries - China, Germany, USA, France, Britain, Russia. Due to the fact that obtaining permission is delayed, Kazatomprom extended the contract with Iran until 2020. The delivery of uranium from Kazakhstan to Iran is planned during 2018-2020, but after the permission of 'The Six,'" Pirmatov said.
He recalled that the countries signed a contract on the supply of natural uranium concentrate to Iran in April 2016. Kazatomprom, according to the contract, planned to begin deliveries of uranium to Iran this year. (New Europe Dec. 22, 2017)

Miracles of Kazakh uranium in situ leach technology - continued

After having learned about the "unique capability of self-restoration" of Kazakh soils rendering superfluous any restoration efforts after the shutdown of uranium in situ leach mines (view details), the gentle reader is now presented with another mystery:
"In our country, many uranium mines are being developed in the basin of the main waterway of the south of Kazakhstan - the Syr Darya. Historically, in these areas, for example, in Kzyl-Orda, rice growing is also developing. We extract uranium virtually between rice paddies flooded in water, and never once did a drop of PR solutions fall onto the agricultural land," Yuri Vazhinskiy [department head at NAC Kazatomprom] said. (ARMZ Dec. 5, 2017 - emphasis added)
In view of the long list of spills of in situ leach uranium mines all over the world, this constitutes another miracle.

Kazakhstan to reduce uranium output by another 20% from 2018 due to depressed market

Kazakhstan plans to produce a total of 21,600 mt of uranium in 2018, a decrease of almost 20% compared with the previously forecast 27,000 mt, Riaz Rizvi, Kazatomprom's chief commercial officer said in an interview. Rizvi said the company also planned to implement similar production cuts of around 20% in 2019 and 2020. (Platts Oct. 23, 2018)
[In 2017, Kazakhstan produced 23,391 t U.]

On Dec. 4, 2017, NAC Kazatomprom JSC announced its intention to reduce planned uranium production by 20%, in order to better align its output with demand. The scheduled cuts will be enacted for a period of three years commencing January 2018. This will result in the production deferral of 11,000 tonnes over the period, of which an estimated 4,000 tonnes in 2018 alone representing approximately 7.5% of global uranium production for 2018 as forecast by UxC.

Kazakhstan and United Arab Emirates plan nuclear cooperation, including uranium supply

On Sep. 11, 2017, JSC NAC Kazatomprom and Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC) announced the execution of a Memorandum of Understanding in Astana on the 5th of September, 2017.
This MOU reflects the intent by the parties to extend the strong relationship between Kazakhstan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) through cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear fuel and power generation. The MOU covers the supply of natural uranium to UAE nuclear energy plants as well as the potential for future cooperation in the areas of fuel fabrication, the exchange of expertise in nuclear energy plant construction and other areas of the nuclear fuel cycle. 

Iran plans to buy 950 tonnes of uranium from Kazakhstan

Iran plans to buy 950 tonnes of uranium ore [presumably uranium in ore concentrate] from Kazakhstan over three years and expects to get Russian help in producing nuclear fuel, its top nuclear official said in remarks published on Saturday (Feb. 25). The acquisition would not violate Iran's landmark 2015 deal with world powers over its disputed nuclear program as the deal did not set limits on the Islamic Republic's supplies of uranium ore.
"About 650 tonnes is to be delivered in two shipments over two years and 300 tonnes during the third year and this shipment is to be returned to Kazakhstan (after enrichment)," Ali Akbar Salehi, head of Iran's Atomic Energy Organization, told ISNA in an interview. (Reuters Feb. 25, 2017)

Kazakhstan to reduce uranium output by 10% in 2017 due to depressed market

On Jan. 10, 2017, Kazatomprom Chairman, Askar Zhumagaliyev, announced that due to the prolonged recovery in the uranium market, planned 2017 production from Republic of Kazakhstan will be reduced by approximately 10%. This will amount to a volume greater than 2,000 MtU or more than 5 million lb U3O8 reduction in 2017 planned output.

Groundwater quality at uranium in situ leach mines in Kazakhstan to be jeopardized further from use of ammonium bifluoride to prevent plugging of wells

On July 19, 2016, Kazatomprom announced that, after conducting successful tests, it intends to use ammonium bifluoride at its uranium in situ leach mine joint ventures with Uranium One to prevent the plugging of wells. The new technique was first tested at Zarechnoye and Kharassan.

While the use of ammonium has been abandoned with uranium in situ leaching in the U.S., since it makes groundwater restoration more difficult, Kazatomprom now even wants to add the fluoride, leading to long-term groundwater impacts. Nevertheless, Kazatomprom claims that "Regularly conducted analyzes of formation waters show the high environmental safety of this method."

Kazakhstan will resume supply of uranium to India

This year Kazakhstan will resume uranium sales to India. This was in an interview with Kazakhstan's ambassador in India Bulat Sarsenbayev on the sidelines of a meeting of the Kazakh-Indian Business Council.
"We have in 2014 concluded a contract for the supply of uranium to India. We are in the last year during the visit of Prime Minister Modi in Kazakhstan signed a new contract begin delivery of our uranium again this year, so that turnover will rise" - said B. Sarsenbayev. (Kazatomprom May 19, 2016)

Kazakhstan may reclaim some uranium mining assets from Joint Ventures with foreign companies

Kazakhstan, the world's largest uranium producer, may take back some assets from the joint ventures it has set up in the nuclear sector, President Nursultan Nazarbayev said on Tuesday (Mar. 15).
Some joint venture partners of state nuclear firm Kazatomprom "are not meeting their obligations", Nazarbayev said at a meeting with Kazatomprom Chief Executive Askar Zhumagaliyev, the president's office said in a statement. "In this regard it is necessary to either ensure that they (partners) meet their obligations or look into reclaiming those assets in the interests of our state," Nazarbayev's office quoted him as saying. It provided no details and Kazatomprom could not be reached for comment.
Kazatomprom has joint ventures with French firm Areva, Canada's Cameco, Japan's Sumitomo Corp and Kansai Electric Power, several Russian firms including Rosatom and a few Chinese companies. Kazakhstan produced 23,800 tonnes of uranium last year. Kazatomprom's share of total output was 13,000 while its joint venture partners accounted for the remainder. (Reuters Mar. 15, 2016)

> View ownership details of Kazakh uranium deposits

Russia and Kazakhstan sign road map for development of uranium deposits in Kazakhstan

Russia and Kazakhstan signed a road map for the development of promising uranium deposits in Kazakhstan. The road map covers, among others, the development of the Kharasan-1, Akdala, and South Inkai fields. According to the document, the related contracts are to be signed by Oct. 28, 2014. (RIA Novosti May 29, 2014)
> See also: Court invalidates Uranium One Corp.'s subsoil use rights in three uranium in situ leach mines

Kazakh uranium mines to produce scandium by-product

A joint venture between Kazakhstan's national atomic company Kazatomprom and Uranium One Holding plans to launch scandium production at uranium mines in Kazakhstan, Novosti-Kazakhstan reported citing Uranium One President Vadim Zhivov. Another participant in the project is Russia's Intermix Met , which has developed a cost-effective technology of scandium extraction during the process of uranium production. (The Times of Central Asia Apr. 1, 2014)

Court invalidates Uranium One Corp.'s subsoil use rights in three uranium in situ leach mines - agreement signed on new rights

On March 27, 2014, Uranium One Inc. announced that the Special Inter-District Economic Court for the City of Astana (Republic of Kazakhstan) on March 26, 2014 issued an order having the effect of invalidating the original transfers in 2004 and 2005 from Kazatomprom to the Company's Betpak Dala and Kyzylkum joint ventures of the subsoil use contracts for the Akdala, South Inkai and Kharasan fields.
On June 5, 2014, Uranium One Inc. announced that the Astana City Court has dismissed the appeal of the Company's Betpak Dala and Kyzylkum joint ventures against the March 26, 2014 Kazakh court order invalidating the Akdala, South Inkai and Kharasan subsoil use contracts.
Uranium One also announced that its parent company, Rosatom , and Kazatomprom, the Company's Kazakh joint venture partner, have signed an agreement providing for the issuance of new subsoil use rights on the same terms for the Akdala, South Inkai and Kharasan uranium fields by October 28, 2014.

Kazatomprom acquires 40% share in caustic soda plant

On Dec. 3, 2013, Kazatomprom announced that it has acquired 40% of the shares in JSC Caustic in the special economic zone Pavlodar.
At the facilities of JSC Caustic it is planned to establish a number of import-substituting productions related to Kazatomprom's activity. Specifically, it is suggested to fabricate of own caustic soda and hydrogen peroxide, used at uranium mining and processing, as well as chlorine for the production of rare and rare-earth metals and reagents. The plant's production of caustic soda is to be raised from the current 30,000 t to 90,000 t per year.

Kazatomprom scraps uranium mine expansion projects

Kazakhstan, the world's biggest producer of uranium, called off all projects to increase output of the metal following a slump in prices. "We've put the brakes on implementing uranium output expansions," Vladimir Shkolnik, chief executive officer of state-owned producer Kazatomprom, said in an interview. "The same goes for other elements of the nuclear-fuel cycle." (Bloomberg Nov. 8, 2013)

Kazakhstan's uranium production increased further in 2012

On Jan. 24, 2013, Kazatomprom announced that Kazakhstan's total uranium production in 2012 was 20,900 tonnes (an increase of 7.5% over the 2011 figure). Kazakhstan remained the world's leading uranium producer with approximately 37% of the world's total uranium production volume, which made up, under the preliminary data, 55,700 tU.
> See also: World Annual Uranium Production 2011

KazAtomProm to raise its share in the national uranium reserves up to 52% in 2012

KazAtomProm National Nuclear Company plans to raise its share in the national uranium reserves up to 52% in 2012 through buying out stakes in JVs and more active exploration works, Newskaz.ru reports, citing KazAtomProm National Nuclear Company Head Vladimir Shkolnik as saying August 15. "At the start of 2009 KazAtomProm owned 41.8% of uranium mines already regulated by actual contracts. Foreign partners owned the other 48.2% [?!?]. The then contracts impaired interests of KazAtomProm and of Kazakhstan. Many things have been revisited. By December 2012 KazAtomProm's share will stand at 52%", Mr. Shkolnik said. (Tengri News Aug. 15, 2012)

Kazatomprom signs uranium supply contract with Chinese

On Nov. 11, 2010, Kazatomprom and China Guangdong Nuclear Power Corporation (CGNPC) signed a long-term contract for the supply of natural uranium concentrates. The details of the agreement were not revealed. (Kazakhstan Today Nov. 11, 2010)

Kazakhstan to increase uranium exports to China

Kazakhstan will increase uranium shipments to China after its state nuclear company agreed a supply contract on Saturday (June 12). Kazatomprom will supply uranium to China Guangdong Nuclear Power Corporation (CGNPC), details of which were not disclosed. CGNPC -- which operates over 40 percent of China's nuclear power generating capacity -- said in April 2009 it would develop a uranium deposit in Kazakhstan with reserves of 40,000 tonnes together with Kazatomprom. China plans to import a total of 24,200 tonnes of Kazakh uranium between 2008 and 2012. (Reuters Jun. 12, 2010)

Kazakh ex-uranium boss sentenced to 14 years in jail for corruption

A Kazakh court sentenced a former uranium tycoon to 14 years in jail for theft and corruption on Friday (Mar. 12) in a case that has alarmed foreign investors working in the former Soviet republic. One of Kazakhstan's most prominent business figures, Mukhtar Dzhakishev was arrested last year on accusations of corruption, theft and illegal sales of uranium assets to foreign companies. The trial was held behind closed doors and involved hearings only into theft and corruption accusations. "Prosecutors asked for 14 years. The court agreed with this decision," Dzhakishev's lawyer Nurlan Beisekeyev told reporters outside the court room. He said Dzhakishev planned to appeal the decision. Dzhakishev, head of state uranium major Kazatomprom from 1998 until his arrest, has denied the accusations. (Reuters Mar. 12, 2010)

Kazakhstan world's largest uranium producer in 2009

Kazakhstan will produce 13,900 tonnes of uranium this year and 18,000 tonnes in 2010, state nuclear company Kazatomprom said on Wednesday (Dec. 30), raising earlier forecasts. The Central Asian state became the world's largest uranium producer this year and has been responsible for the bulk of global output growth in the last few years. Kazakhstan produced 8,521 tonnes of uranium last year, up from 6,637 tonnes in 2007. (Reuters Dec. 30, 2009)

Romania wants to buy uranium from Kazakhstan

Romania wants long-term contracts for uranium in Kazakhstan needed for the operation of two future nuclear reactors (Cernavoda 3 & 4). Economy Ministry State Secretary Tudor Serban said today (Tues): "The proposal met with a positive reaction. Talks will continue." (Romanian Times Sep 15, 2009)

Uranium One to invest in Russian sulfuric acid plant as backup for its in-situ leach uranium mines in Kazakhstan

Uranium One Inc. said it plans to invest around $20 million in a Russian sulphuric acid plant as a back-up to secure supply. "We intend to invest in a plant in Russia as a source of secure supply should there be another disruption in Kazakhstan," chief executive Neal Froneman told Reuters in an interview. (Reuters Jan. 8, 2008)

Kazatomprom builds new sulphuric acid production plant to meet unfulfilled demand of uranium in-situ leach mines

The construction of the sulfuric acid plant in Zhanakorgan region, Kyzylorda oblast has been completed. The construction of the plant is aimed at providing the uranium industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan with sulfuric acid which is the main reagent in the technology of uranium production by ISL method. The plant will supply sulfuric acid to the ISL mines based on the uranium deposits Khorassan-1, Khorassan-2, Northern and Southern Karamurun. Kazakhstan block sulfur will be the raw material for production. The plant's design capacity is expected to be 500,000 tons of sulfuric acid per year, or 1500 tons per day. Project's total cost is reported to be US$ 216 million. (Kazatomprom Dec. 9, 2011)
On August 31, 2009, a solemn ceremony of laying a capsule into foundation of a new sulfuric acid plant in Zhanakorgan region, Kyzylorda oblast, took place. The sulfuric acid project is being implemented in partnership with foreign investors - Marubeni Corp., TEPCO (Japan) and Uranium One (Canada). The design capacity of the plant will be 500,000 tons of sulfuric acid per year, i.e. 1,500 tons per day. The start of operation is scheduled for the 4th quarter 2011. Primary consumers of sulfuric acid will be two new ISL sites in Zhanakorgan region, namely, Khorassan-1 and Khorassan-2, as well as ISL mines in Shieli settlement - Irkol and Karamurun. (Kazatomprom Aug. 31, 2009)
Kazakhstan's state nuclear company plans to build a 500,000-tonne-per-year sulphuric acid plant by 2010 to meet a shortfall of the main chemical reagent used in its uranium production. Kazatomprom, the world's third-largest uranium producer, said it would build the plant in southern Kazakhstan to serve two new mines being built in Kyzylorda region, which together will mine 5,000 tonnes a year of uranium. "Construction will begin in March 2008. We plan to put the plant into production in the second quarter of 2010," an official from Kazatomprom's press service said by telephone. (Reuters Nov. 13, 2007)
On November 7, 2007, public hearings took place in Zhanakorgan (Kyzylorda region) on the project of construction of sulfuric acid plant on the territory of Zhanakorgan area and the estimation of environmental impact in accordance with the requirements of the Ecological Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. (Kazatomprom Nov. 13, 2007)


China to get stake in uranium mine in Kazakhstan

China will get a stake in a 2,000-ton-a-year uranium mine in Kazakhstan in exchange for its share in a uranium-processing business, state-owned Kazatomprom said. Output may even exceed 2,000 metric tons because of rising Chinese demand, Kazatomprom President Moukhtar Dzhakishev said at a press conference. The Kazakh uranium miner will get access to Chinese assets, he said, without elaborating. Kazatomprom said it signed agreements in Beijing with China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group Co and China National Nuclear Corp, the country's largest producers of atomic energy. The Chinese companies will create joint ventures with Kazatomprom to produce uranium, while enabling Kazatomprom to invest in the Chinese nuclear industry, the Kazakh miner said after the signing. The uranium will be sold to China as nuclear fuel, it said. (China Daily Nov. 13, 2007)


Fire at sulfuric acid plant affects uranium production

A fire at a sulfuric acid production plant has led to rationing in Kazakhstan. KazAtomProm said supply problems should be resolved by the end of the year but it might have to revise uranium production forecasts for early 2008. Sulfuric acid is used as the main chemical reagent in in-situ leaching (ISL) uranium production, which is able to extract uranium with no need for excavation. In addition to disruption by fire at one plant, the start-up of some new facilities has also been delayed. The result has been rationing of acid, which could continue into the second quarter of 2008. The problem is particularly important for Kazakh uranium mining, which predominantly uses ISL and requires large amounts of non-reusable sulfuric acid to counter the neutralising effect of the high carbonate content of Kazakh orebodies. (WNA Nov. 5, 2007)


European Union plans to procure more uranium from Kazakhstan

The EU has put forward plans for procuring more uranium from Kazakhstan for Europe's nuclear industry. The EU's executive body has urged EU governments to agree a deal worth 500 million euros ($630 million) to help boost uranium supplies from Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan has the world's fifth-largest reserves of uranium. According to the EU, it currently accounts for only 3% of uranium imports into the EU. Any agreement between the EU and Kazakhstan must ultimately be ratified by EU member states. (BBC News Oct. 24, 2006)


Kazatomprom to obtain shares in Russian and French enrichment plants in exchange for uranium deliveries?

Kazatomprom is conducting negotiations with Russian and French companies to obtain shares in uranium enrichment plants in these countries in exchange for uranium deliveries. It is not clear yet whether Kazatomprom's share in Russian plants will be in existing or in new enrichment plants. The negotiations are to be completed by early 2007. (Kazakhstan Today May 23, 2006; Interfax Kazakhstan May 24, 2006)
In this context, it is highly interesting that the French Eurodif gaseous diffusion enrichment plant is to be replaced by a centrifuge enrichment plant using Urenco technology (view details).


Kazakhstan exporting uranium to China since 2001

Kazatomprom started uranium exports to China four years ago, supplying the first foreign uranium to China. Kazakhstan and China now plan to extend their strategic partnership in the nuclear fuel area. (Kazatomprom Dec. 23, 2005)


Kyzylorda Province

North Kharasan

North Kharasan mine, Syr-Darya district

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Russia and Kazakhstan sign road map for development of uranium deposits in Kazakhstan

> View here

Court invalidates Uranium One Corp.'s subsoil use rights in three uranium in situ leach mines

> View here

Kharasan Uranium Project at commissioning stage, still awaiting operating license

The Kharasan Uranium Project has commenced production but is in the commissioning stage. Commissioning will be completed when a pre-defined operating level, based on the design of the plant, is maintained and the Kazakhstan Government has issued an operating license. (Uranium One Inc. Nov. 7, 2011)

Toshiba develops technology for by-product recovery of rare earths from uranium in situ leach mining

Toshiba Corp. said Monday (Nov. 29) it has developed technology for recovering rare-earth minerals in the process of extracting uranium from a uranium mine. The major machinery maker said it plans to begin trials for the technology at a Kazakhstan mine possibly by the end of this year.
To extract the uranium, Toshiba has developed special electrode materials to extract rare-earth minerals dissolved in sulfuric acid poured into holes at a uranium mine. Toshiba said the technology can recover about 5 percent of the rare earths used as magnet materials in Japan and it aims to commercialize the technology around 2012. (Mainichi Nov. 30, 2010)

> View older issues


South Kazakhstan

General · Akdal · Inkay · Kandjugan · Muyunkum (Moinkum) · South Inkay


Uranium mines in South Kazakhstan hit by storm

In an epicenter of the storm that have occurred in South regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan on January 13, 2013 were the villages near which “NAC “Kazatomprom” JSC's mining enterprises are located.
Debauchery of the environment was in Sozak region of South-Kazakhstan oblast. As a result, several villages, including Kyzymshek and Taukent, where the large-scale uranium mining enterprises of “NAC “Kazatomprom” JSC are located, sustained great damages.
The wind gusting, according to the various data, from 45 to 53 meters per second, fell 56 towers of overhead transmission lines HVL-110, owned by “NAC “Kazatomprom” JSC. As a result the villages Kyzymshek, Taukent and uranium mining enterprises: “Taukent mining chemical enterprise” LLP (TMCE is the part of “Mining company” LLP), joint venture “Katco” with the French company AREVA, mining enterprise “Ortalyk” and Kazakhstan-Japanese enterprise “APPAK” LLP were de-energized.
Due to the weather conditions and transmission line breakage, mining operation in Sozak region was suspended.
The village Taukent has suffered more from the storm. On January 12 the water inlet has stopped working because of the energy tripping. Infrastructure and education facilities, steamshop and the only medical unit in the village were seriously damaged. The coverings and roofs of the buildings were disturbed, the windows were broken. All obligations on reconstructing these facilities were undertaken by “NAC “Kazatomprom” JSC. (Kazatomprom Feb. 1, 2013)


Akdal mine (ISL), Chu-Sarysu district

> View deposit info

Russia and Kazakhstan sign road map for development of uranium deposits in Kazakhstan

> View here

Court invalidates Uranium One Corp.'s subsoil use rights in three uranium in situ leach mines

> View here

> View older issues


Inkay mine (ISL), Chu-Sarysu district

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Inkay in situ leach uranium mine obtains right to double uranium production to 4,000 t U per year and continue operation until 2045(!)

Cameco Corporation announced that the restructuring of Joint Venture Inkai LLP (JV Inkai) outlined in the implementation agreement dated May 27, 2016 with Joint Stock Company National Atomic Company Kazatomprom and JV Inkai closed today and will take effect on January 1, 2018. This restructuring was subject to obtaining all required government approvals including an amendment to JV Inkai's existing Resource Use Contract with the Republic of Kazakhstan, which have been obtained. The amendment to the Resource Use Contract provides as follows: Under the implementation agreement, Cameco's ownership interest in JV Inkai will be adjusted to 40% [from 60%] and Kazatomprom's ownership interest in JV Inkai will be adjusted to 60% [from 40%] on January 1, 2018.
Cameco and Kazatomprom have also completed a feasibility study to evaluate the design, construction and operation of a uranium refinery in Kazakhstan with the capacity to produce 6,000 tU annually as uranium trioxide (UO3). A formal joint decision has not yet been made as to whether the refinery will be built. In the event of a joint decision to construct the refinery, further adjustments to Cameco and Kazatomprom's ownership interests in JV Inkai will be made. (Cameco Dec. 11, 2017)

Inkay ISL uranium mine suspends operation due to floodings

Severe flooding has disrupted the work of a number of enterprises belonging to NAC Kazatomprom JSC, the company's press service reported. "The roads became impassable due to heavy melting snow near the village of Taikonur in the Suzak region of South Kazakhstan. This created problems for the movement of traffic carrying deliveries of reactants to the mining sites of the Kazakh-Canadian joint venture Inkay," JSC reported on March 19. According to JV Inkay LLP, the company expects the production schedule to take a month to recover after the transport starts moving again. (Cihan Mar. 19, 2014)

Production increase planned at Inkay in situ leach uranium mine

Inkai is seeking the Kazakh government's approval by the end of this year to boost uranium output by 33 percent (from 1,500 to 2,000 metric tonnes), Interfax reported. (Bloomberg Apr. 19, 2012)

On August 31, 2011, Cameco announced it has signed a memorandum of agreement with its partner, Kazatomprom, to increase annual uranium production at Joint Venture Inkai Limited Liability Partnership (JVI) from 3.9 million pounds [1,500 t U] to 5.2 million pounds [2,000 t U].

> View older issues


Muyunkum (Moinkum) ISL mine, Chu-Sarysu district

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Orano/Kazatomprom joint venture obtains approval for extension of Muyunkum in situ leach uranium mine: On the occasion of a visit by Minister of the Economy Bruno Le Maire to Kazakhstan on July 30, before his summer break, a decree was published. It grants a new land license to the local joint venture of Orano, Katco, 51% owned by the French company and 49% by Kazatomprom. The permit, called Kanjugan, covering part of Muyunkum's mining license, will allow the nuclear group to secure a "significant share" of its uranium production for the next few years, said a spokesman for the company. (Le Figaro Aug. 18, 2019)

Penalty imposed on Muyunkum ISL mine: The Kazakhstan environmental department has imposed a penalty of 40 million Tenge (US$ 338,000) on KATCO for violations of environmental law. (Kazakhstan Today Aug. 4, 2008)
As KATCO refused to pay, the environmental department now turns to the administrative court for a forced penalty. (Kazakhstan Today Oct. 31, 2008)

Areva/Kazatomprom joint venture to increase production to 4,000 tonnes of uranium per year: Areva said a strengthened joint venture in Kazakhstan will step up uranium output with the intention of producing 4,000 tonnes per year of the radioactive metal, up until 2039. Katco, 51 percent owned by Areva and 49 percent by Kazatomprom, will mine the uranium and Areva will sell it, the French state-controlled nuclear engineering group said. An Areva spokesman said the new agreement is a major strengthening of an existing partnership, set up in 1996, and which produces about 1,000 tonnes of uranium per year. (AFX Jun. 11, 2008)

Areva invests in production increase at Muyunkum ISL mine: In 2007, Areva plans to invest US$ 30 million into the Katco joint venture for the further development of the Muyunkum uranium in-situ leach mine. From 2004 to 2006, Areva invested a total of US$ 200 million. The planned production is 900 tons of uranium in 2007, 1500 tons in 2008, and 2000 tons in 2009. The uranium is produced by the method of acidic underground leaching at a depth of 500 meters. (Kazakhstan Today Dec. 8, 2006)

Licence violations at Muyunkum (Moinkum) ISL mine

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Kandjugan mine (ISL), Chu-Sarysu district

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New uranium ISL refinery completed

Kazatomprom commissioned a new refinery facility for the in-situ leach production of uranium at the Central Mining Group in southern Kazakhstan ahead of schedule. The in-situ leach plant has an initial annual capacity of 1700 tU, with a final capacity of 2000 tU. The new facility is to process Central Mining Group’s own uranium production and additional quantities from nearby mines including KATCO joint venture. (Kazatomprom Nov. 7, 2003)
The plant, located in the village of Taukent in Suzak District in Southern Kazakhstan, was inaugurated on Feb. 25, 2004. The plant will process half of the current Kazakh uranium production, with the other half coming from the Ulba Metallurgical plant. (Kazakhstan Today Feb. 26, 2004)


South Inkay mine (ISL), Chu-Sarysu district

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Russia and Kazakhstan sign road map for development of uranium deposits in Kazakhstan

> View here

Court invalidates Uranium One Corp.'s subsoil use rights in three uranium in situ leach mines

> View here

> View older issues


Korea, DPR   flag

General · Pyongsan
> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


North Korea offers export of uranium to Russia

North Korea has offered Russia exclusive rights to its natural uranium deposits in exchange for open support at the six-way talks on Pyongyang's nuclear weapons, a Japanese daily said. Citing Russian government sources, the Tokyo Shimbun report said Moscow and Pyongyang had been in secret talks since 2002 over a plan for Russia to import the uranium and enrich it before selling it on as nuclear fuel to China and Vietnam, in what the sources said would be a highly profitable venture. (Reuters Dec. 3, 2006)


Pyongsan, North Hwanghae province

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Satellite images suggest North Korea expanding Pyongsan uranium mill capacity - report

North Korea appears to be expanding its capacity to produce uranium, which could be used to increase its stockpile of nuclear weapons, a U.S. nuclear expert said on Wednesday (Aug. 12).
In a report on the North Korea monitoring website, 38 North , Jeffrey Lewis said recent satellite imagery showed that in the past year North Korea had begun to refurbish a major uranium mill in Pyongsan, a county in the southern part of the country. (Reuters Aug. 12, 2015)

Kyrgyzstan   flag

General · Kara-Balta mill
> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Terrorists eyeing uranium mines in Central Asia

International terrorist organizations are trying to gain access to uranium mines in Central Asia, the head of the anti-terrorism center for post-Soviet states said on Sep. 12, 2007. Andrei Novikov, who heads the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Anti-Terrorism Center (ATC), said the ATC primarily concerned over "the security of uranium-producing enterprises in Kyrgyzstan." However, he said, the security services of the Central Asian country had stepped up measures to prevent terrorists from entering sensitive facilities, and that the ATC's office in the country is cooperating with the security services. (RIA Novosti Sep. 12, 2007)

Kara-Balta mill

> View plant info

Russian-owned Central Asian Uranium Company to take over Kara Balta uranium mill and Kyzyl-Ompul uranium mine project

Central Asian Uranium Company will invest in Kara-Balta Mining Plant OJSC (KBMP) and uranium mining at Kyzyl-Ompol deposit. Representative of Russian shareholders Andrey Akimov, General Director of KBMP Daniyar Isakov and Vladimir Popov, the main shareholder of the Central Asian Uranium Company, announced at the Kyrgyz-Russian Interregional Conference. (24.kg Mar. 27, 2019)

Kara-Balta uranium mill ready for restart to process ores from Kyzyl-Ompul

At the occasion of a working trip, Prime Minister Muhammadkaliy Abylgaziev was informed that at present a large-scale work has been done to equip the plant with necessary equipment and to install a production line for separating uranium from other elements. At the moment, the production chain is ready for launch and in the near future it is planned to start production for raw materials from the Kyzyl-Ompul field. (AKIPress Sep. 29, 2018)

Kara-Balta mill stopped operations due to lack of ore supply from Kazakhstan

The Kara-Balta Ore processing Plant may be returned to state ownership, the head of the Mining and Metallurgical Trade Union Eldar Tadzhibaev told 24.kg news agency. According to him, last week production at the plant was stopped due to lack of raw materials. Since November 2015, the main production at the plant has been standing idle due to lack of orders from Kazakhstan. (24.kg Feb. 22, 2016)

Kara-Balta mill stopped operations because of unstable deliveries of the Kazakh raw material

In connection with the instability of the delivery of raw material, the operation of the Kara-Balta mining combine is stopped since April 2010, reported the adviser of the director general of the enterprise, Zhalgap Kazakbaev, on June 9. According to him, a letter was directed to Kazakhstan (the basic supplier of raw material) on behalf of the combine in order to solve this question. (AKIPress June 9, 2010)

$200 million investment planned for Kara-Balta uranium mill

The Kara-Balta mining combine is planning to spend $200 million for the re-equipping of the Kara Balta uranium mill. (AKIPress Oct. 10, 2008)

Kara Balta mill resumes uranium production

Kyrgyzstan's Kara-Baltinsky uranium-producing enterprise produced 36.4 tonnes of uranium in the first quarter of 2008, a source with the mining industry department at the Kyrgyz State Agency for Geology and Mineral Resources told Interfax. The enterprise, in which UralPlatina Holding that consolidated the Renova Group's gold mining assets acquired a 72.3% stake in February 2007, did not produce uranium since 2005 given a lack of resources. The enterprise plans to produce 50 tonnes of uranium in April 2008. (Interfax Apr. 25, 2008)

> View older issues · decommissioning issues

Myanmar (Burma)   flag


> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Burma allegedly mining uranium

Burma has uranium deposits, and the Ministry of Energy has identified five sources of ore in the country, all low-grade uranium unsuitable for military purposes. But the defectors claim that two more uranium mines in Burma are not included in official reports: one near Mohnyin in Kachin State and another in the vicinity of Mogok in Mandalay Division. The ore is supposedly transported to a Thabeikkyin refinery, conveniently located between the two alleged mines. (YaleGlobal, 3 Dec. 2008)

Pakistan   flag

Issa Khel · Kubul Khel

Kubul Khel (Qabul Khel) mine, Lakki Marwat District, North West Frontier Province (NWFP)
Issa Khel mill, Miniawali District, Punjab

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District demands share in royalty of Kubul Khel uranium mine: The (Lakki Marwat) district chapter of Qaumi Watan Party (QWP) has demanded share in bonus and royalty in the ISL Qaboolkhel uranium project and Lucky Cement Factory and said that the high command of the party would take up the matter with the provincial and federal governments. The demand was made at a meeting held here on Wednesday (July 9) with district general secretary Imranullah Begukhel in the chair.
Imran said that ISL project run by PAEC and Lucky Cement had been established on the soil of Marwats but both organisations were of no use for local people. He said that residents of the district had been kept deprived of the royalty of Qaboolkhel project and the due share in the profit of Lucky Cement Factory. The QWP leader said that both organisations did not spend a single penny in social sector in the backward district. (The Nation July 10, 2014)

Russia (Asian part)   flag

General · Buryatia · Kurgan · Trans-Baikal

Dalmatovkoye · Khiagda · Krasnokamensk · Vitimsky

> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


Russia plans to ban trade with US nuclear power companies

A draft bill submitted Friday (Apr. 13) to the State Duma, the lower house of the Russia parliament, would ban all trade between state-owned nuclear company Rosatom and US nuclear power companies.
The bill was submitted jointly by all State Duma fractions and its chairman Vyacheslav Volodin. It could be considered and possibly adopted during the next State Duma session next week, according to information on the State Duma website. The bill is in response to sanctions the Trump administration imposed against 24 Russian top businessman and government officials April 6. (Platts Apr. 13, 2018)

Russia to triple uranium production in next two years - Rosatom

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Russia consolidates uranium production assets in new company

A founding treaty to set up the Uranium Mining Company was signed on November 2, 2006, at Russia's Federal Agency for Nuclear Power (Rosatom). TVEL will contribute three mining assets to the company: Hiagda, Priargunskoye Production Mining Chemical Association, and Dalur. Techsnabexport will contribute the Elkonskoye deposit in Yakutia and its share in the Russian-Kyrgyz-Kazakh JV Zarechnoye. In addition, the company may include Kazakhstan's Yuzhnoye Zarechnoye and Budyonnovskoye deposits, and set up JV Akbastau to develop them. Additionally, Techsnabexport is continuing talks to start up a uranium operation in Uzbekistan.
The new mining company will do several things: follow up exploration and exploitation of deposits located in Russia and development of the country's raw materials, including geological prospecting. The company is also expected to set up joint ventures to produce uranium in and outside the country, and import uranium. In addition, it will channel Russian and foreign investments into uranium production. The new company may form a partnership with western investors to develop uranium deposits. (RIAN Nov. 8, 2006)




Krasnokamensk, Trans-Baikal

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Capacity increase of calcination plant at Krasnokamensk for processing of yellow cake from Khiagda ISL mine

In the hydrometallurgical plant of Priargunskoe Mining and Chemical Association (PJSC PIMCU) in Zabaikalskiy region a new line for deoxidation of ammonium polyuranates was commissioned. Additional equipment will make it possible to process here the entire volume of the final product of JSC Khiagda that produces uranium in the territory of the Republic of Buryatia.
"The transportation of final products for additional processing to Krasnokamensk is much more profitable than the construction of an additional redistribution line at our industrial site, in the conditions of permafrost. The enterprises are in geographical proximity to each other, so the logistics costs are quite small compared with the economic effect for the entire division," adds Andrey Gladyshev, General Director of JSC Khiagda.
The project for the additional processing of ammonium polyuranate of JSC Khiagda at PJSC PIMCU has been under implementation since 2017. The new deoxidation unit will double the processing capacity. (ARMZ Dec. 24, 2019)

China will co-invest in the construction of uranium mine No. 6 at Krasnokamensk (Russia)

The People's Republic of China (PRC) will co-invest in the construction of the new strategically important uranium mine No. 6 in Russia's largest uranium mining enterprise PJSC "Priargunskoye Production Mining and Chemical Association" (PIMCU, Krasnokamensk, Zabaikalsky Krai, part of Rosatom state corporation's ARMZ uranium holding), an agreement on basic investment conditions was signed on Monday (Mar. 12) in Moscow. Thus, for the first time, China will enter the uranium mining projects of Rosatom.
The new mine, the beginning of construction of which is scheduled for Tuesday (Mar. 13), will allow the nuclear industry of Russia to provide a stable supply of uranium. It is planned that the first stage of mine No. 6 should be put into operation in 2023. The total cost of the project is 18.5 billion rubles [US$ 326 million]. The first tranche of the fund will be 2.5 billion rubles [US$ 44 million].
The operational reserves of the Argun and Zherlov deposits of the Streltsy ore field, for the development of which a new mine will be built, amount to about 40,000 tons of uranium (35% of the total stock of PIMCU). The average content of the strategic metal in them is higher than at operating mines, which allows to guarantee competitive production costs. (RIA Novosti Mar. 12, 2018)

Construction of uranium mine No. 6 starts at Krasnokamensk

The construction of the first necessary infrastructure of the mine No. 6, the main step-down substation (GPP), was allocated to Rosatom at the end of 2017. "The work itself is expected to start in mid-February," says Alexander Glotov, General Director of PJSC PGHKO. The first stage of the mine should be put into operation in 2023. (Atomredmetzoloto Jan. 23, 2018)
Construction actually began on March 13, 2018. (Atomredmetzoloto Mar. 13, 2018)

Krasnokamensk mine starts industrial-size processing of subeconomic ore dumps for residual uranium

Over 48 years of the company's activities around 7 mln. tons of ore mass with extremely low uranium content have been accumulated on our industrial site. Industrial processing of off-balance and poor balance spoil heaps became possible after acquisition and launch of the KLEEMANN Mobile Sorting Unit. Annually the unit will process up to 375,000 tons of off-balance spoil heaps.
"The equipment divides the ore mass into merchantable ore and waste rock. Then the heap leaching method is used to extract uranium from the ore. The waste rock that remains after the sorting will be crushed into gravel, which then will be used for the technological needs of the enterprise," said Alexander Morozov, head of the CR&DL.
From 50 to 63 tons of uranium will be produced annually from the off-balance spoil heaps by the heap leaching method. (Atomredmetzoloto Nov. 14, 2016)

Mine No. 6 at Krasnokamensk obtains authorization

Mining of the deposits Argun and Zherlovoye in the Mine No. 6 was approved by FAA Glavgosexpertiza Russia. Construction work will begin later this year. The bulk of the work is scheduled for completion in 2022. (Atomredmetzoloto Apr. 29, 2016)

New tailings deposit under construction at Krasnokamensk

The free volume of the current tailings deposit will be sufficient for not more than two years. Therefore, a new tailings deposit will be built in Krasnokamensk at the end of 2016. The deposit is designed for a service life of 10 years, but it can be extended to 25 years.
In addition, the capacity of the existing Sredneye tailings deposit is currently being increased to 7.5 million cubic metres. (Atomredmetzoloto Nov. 23, 2015)

Construction of mine No. 6 at Krasnokamensk to start in February 2016

The investment committee of State Corporation Rosatom made a decision to finance works for mine No.6 construction of PJSC PIMCU. Financing will start from 2015. [...] The first construction stage is planned to start from February 2016. (Atomredmetzoloto June 30, 2015)

Russia plans construction of mine No. 6 at Krasnokamensk

At a special meeting of the Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum, JSC ARMZ presented the project of construction of the mine No. 6 PJSC Priargunskoe Mining and Chemical Union (PIMCU). "The project of construction of the mine number 6 is of strategic importance for the further development of PJSC PIMCU. Here are concentrated more than 37% viable reserves of uranium companies, and if you run the project by 2022, the bulk of production will be provided by PIMCU mine number 6," said Vladimir Vysotsky The project is ready for implementation, currently we are working on finding co-investors. (Atomredmetzoloto Mar. 3, 2015)

Russia undertakes exploration efforts to identify additional uranium deposits in the Kransnokamensk area

The project for further exploration of one of the world's largest uranium ore provinces has been carried out since 2012. As a result, geologists plan to reveal new formations with high uranium content. Discovering of new deposits will make it possible to provide Priargunsky Industrial Mining and Chemical Union with commercially viable uranium reserves for many years ahead. The project funding will amount to 1 billion rubles [US$ 15 million].
Under the Kaldera project, forecasting has been completed thus far. Following its results, four prospective sites totalling approximately 100 sq.km with resource potential of not less than 80,000 tons of uranium have been identified. In 2015, it is planned to obtain licenses for geological study of this territory, with subsequent discovery and exploration activities. (Atomredmetoloto Feb. 4, 2015)

Two uranium mines at Krasnokamensk to resume operations after implementation of cost reductions and use of acid block in situ leaching

Priargunsky Industrial Mining and Chemical Union (JSC PIMCU, a part of the control loop of ARMZ Uranium Holding Co / JSC Atomredmetzoloto) has commenced preparations to resume operations at two uranium mines - Mine No. 2 and Mine No. 4.
Operations at Mine No. 2 were suspended on April 1, 2014 due to the decline in world uranium prices and, as a consequence, economic inefficiency. According to PIMCU Geological Department, uranium reserves of Mine No. 2 total 11,000 tons. "Presently technological measures that allow to minimize costs have been developed and will be implemented," - explains Sergei Shurigin, director general of PIMCU. Production is to be resumed in February 2015.
Mine No. 4 was closed due to depletion of reserves minable by conventional mining method. The remaining reserves total about 6,000 tons of uranium, and are to be mined using less costly method - block in-situ leaching. The technology involves acidification of ore directly in ore blocks. This eliminates the need to transport ore to the surface, thus significantly reducing the costs. Mining operations are expected to start in March 2015.
Currently JSC PIMCU is mining uranium by conventional method at Mine No. 1 and Mine No. 8, as well as by heap leaching of off-balance wastes. (Atomredmetzoloto Nov. 17, 2014)

Krasnokamensk mine starts project for heap leaching and block in-situ leaching of low-grade deposits

JSC PIMCU launched a comprehensive project to develop the remaining reserves of the Tulukui deposit by block in situ leaching and heap leaching. (Atomredmetzoloto Oct. 14, 2014)

Krasnokamensk mine starts processing of subeconomic ore dumps for residual uranium

The project for ore-sorting of non-commercial dumps was launched in August 2013, when an ore-sorting complex was installed, including a mobile screening plant and an X-Ray magnetic separator. This equipment separates rock bulk into saleable ore and mining waste. "Ore-sorting allowed us to obtain more than 50,000 tons of saleable ore, from which 10 tons of uranium was eventually extracted", says Alexander Morozov, Head of the JSC PIMCU Central R&D Laboratory.
It was decided to purchase the second ore-sorting complex. Once it is put into operation, production volume will increase up to 300,000 tons of saleable rock bulk per annum. (Atomredmetzoloto Aug. 4, 2014)

Russia's flagship Krasnokamensk uranium mine unprofitable due to low uranium price and decreasing productivity - cost reductions planned

"Taking into consideration the current situation on the uranium market, characterized by overproduction of this metal and drop in prices, diversification seems to be of particular importance for JSC PIMCU. Today, the enterprise is unprofitable, with production costs growing and the level of product output per person decreasing. On the Briefing Day, traditionally held for the Industrial Union's employees and the Krasnokamensk city residents, JSC Atomredmetzoloto Director General told them about decisions that had been made. He said that for JSC PIMCU to reach break-even operation it is necessary to reduce expenses by 3 billion rubles [US$ 83 million] in 2014 and 2015, i.e. by 1.5 billion rubles [US$ 42 million] annually." (Atomredmetzoloto Apr. 24, 2014)

Krasnokamensk uranium mine switching to heap leaching and block in-situ leaching in view of decreasing ore grades

Igor Zhilkin, First Deputy Director General - Chief Operating Officer of JSC Atomredmetzoloto, said that the largest asset of ARMZ - Priargunsky Industrial Mining and Chemical Union - is also considering an opportunity of introducing geotechnology, since major ore field reserves have been already exhausted by the enterprise, while uranium content in remaining reserves is rather low. "At the moment, together with the Trans-Baikal University we proceeded to implementation of a large-scale project aimed at intensifying application of the Heap Leach technology and customizing the block in-situ leaching method to the enterprise's requirements," noted Igor Zhilkin. (Atomredmetzoloto Nov. 15, 2013)

Groundwater contaminant plume from Krasnokamensk uranium mine reaches drinking water wells

"[...] increasing flow of groundwater stream at the mouth of Sukhoi Urulyungui due to technological water infiltration, mixing of natural water with filtration streams from industrial reservoirs and sites, containing elevated (relative to natural background) levels of sulfate-, hydro-carbonate and carbonate-ions, led to the development and moving of the uranium contamination aureole [plume] from the undeveloped field 'Polevoye' to the water inlet area. The aureole front crossed the southern border of water inlet of drinking purpose. The qualitative composition of groundwater, especially in the southern part of water inlet, steadily changes for the worse."
Radio-Ecological Conditions of Groundwater in the Area of Uranium Mining and Milling Facility , by Titov A.V., Semenova M.P., Seregin V.A., et al., WM2013 Conference, February 24 – 28, 2013, Phoenix, Arizona USA (744k PDF)

Extensive environmental contamination identified near Krasnokamensk uranium mine

"The researches performed showed that in soil, vegetation, groundwater and local foods sampled in the vicinity of the uranium mines, there is a significant excess of Ra-226 and Th-232 content compared to areas outside the zone of influence of uranium mining.
The ecological and hygienic situation is as follows:
Radio-Ecological Situation in the Area of the Priargun Production Mining and Chemical Association , by Semenova M.P.1, Seregin V.A.1, Kiselev S.M., et al., WM2013 Conference, February 24 – 28, 2013, Phoenix, Arizona USA (447k PDF)

Mine No. 8 commissioned at Krasnokamensk uranium mine

On December 14, 2012, Atomredmetzoloto announced that Argun Industrial Mining and Chemical Union (JSC "PPGHO") launched the operation of the first stage of the mine No. 8 with a capacity of 100,000 tonnes of ore per year.
Mine No. 8 contains resources of 12,800 tonnes of uranium. In 2013, the mine is expected to produce 400 tonnes of uranium. In the future, the annual production will exceed 500 tonnes of uranium. The total investment in the project will amount to 4.8 billion rubles [US$ 156 million].

Miner killed in roof-collapse accident at Krasnokamensk uranium mine

Interfax quoted the local branch of the Russian Investigative Committee said investigators in the town of Krasnokamensk, Baikal region, are probing the death of a mine worker from the Priargun Production Mining-Chemical Association. The statement said the uranium mine worker was killed on Tuesday (Mar. 13) morning by a collapsed roof at the Gluboky mine.
Investigators have found that the accident took place between the seventh and eighth levels of the mine when the 26-year-old miner was opening a ventilation system valve. Operations have been temporarily halted at the Gluboky mine. (Steelguru/Kyiv Post Mar. 15, 2012)

Court orders Krasnokamensk uranium mill to stop local lake pollution

The environmental protection prosecutor's office in the Baikal region achieved that the measures will be taken to stop the contamination of the Umykej lakes with toxic wastewaters from the Priargunsk mining and chemical plant. The Krasnokamensk city court satisfied a lawsuit, which the Chita district prosecutor in charge of environmental protection filed against one of the largest uranium producing plants in Russia and in the world.
The court ruled that the Priargunsk mining and chemical plant should build additional toxic waste treatment facilities and wastewater decontamination installations before 2013, the press service of the prosecutor's office in the Baikal region told Itar-Tass on Thursday (Oct. 20).
"The wastewater treatment facilities can treat no more than 24,000 cubic meters of wastewaters daily, but 39,000 cubic meters really pass through them," senior assistant prosecutor for public relations in the Baikal region Anatoly Uskov said.
As a result the content of zinc, phosphate, phenol, oil products, iron, magnesium, sulphates, nitrates and several other dangerous admixtures exceeds the permissible standards. The swimming and fishing are forbidden in the lakes long ago due to the accumulation of dangerous chemical substances. (TASS Oct. 21, 2010)

New sulfuric acid plant opened for Krasnokamensk uranium mine

A new sulfate plant was opened in Zabaikalsky Region last week. It will provide for the stable work of Priargunskoe Production Mining and Chemical Union and help increase uranium production in the future. "Capacity of the new facility makes 180 thousand tons of sulfuric acid a year", reports Dmitry Shulga, a representative of the Uranium Holding ARMZ (Atomredmetzoloto).
The old production line was not able to meet the current demand of Chemical Union. The construction started 4 years ago and Priargunskoe Production Mining and Chemical Union spent 1.8 billion rubles [US$ 57.65 million] for this project. (FederalPress June 23, 2009)

Russia invests into development of Krasnokamensk uranium mine

Russia intends to invest $2 billion in the development of Priargun Mining and Chemicals Association, the country's biggest uranium miner, Sergei Kiriyenko, head of the state Rosatom corporation, said.
Kiriyenko said that Priargun received 1.8 billion rubles [US$ 73.2 million] in funding last year and would get 3 billion rubles [US$ 122 million] next year. "We intend to invest around $2 billion in total to refurbish Priargun in the next few years," he said.
Two new mines are being built at Priargun. Kiriyenko said 1.6 billion rubles [US$ 65 million] had been budgeted for Mine #6 in 2009. The first stage of the mine should go on stream in 2019 and the second stage in 2024. Projected capacity is 1 million tonnes of uranium ore per year. Mine #8 should be built in 2011 and will produce up to 400,000 tonnes of ore per year. A third mine, Mine #7, capacity 250,000 tpa, could be built between 2014 and 2018. In addition, a sulfuric acid plant, capacity 180,000 tpa, should be built by the end of this year. The plant, which will be tested in October, will make Priargun self-sufficient in sulfuric acid. (Interfax Aug. 29, 2008)

Resettlement planned of 2000 residents living near Krasnokamensk uranium mine

Rosatom is planning to finance the resettlement of two thousand residents from ecologically hazardous Oktyabrskoe settlement located right over the uranium mine of the Priargun enterprise. Kiriyenko said his agency will allocate 600 million rubles [US$ 23.2 million], while Chita regional administration will earmark another 240 million [US$ 9.3 million]. "We shall open financing by the end of 2007 and the issue has to be resolved by the end of 2009. The construction of a new settlement is the only way to resolve the problem," Kiriyenko said. (Itar Tass June 1, 2007)

Production increase expected for Krasnokamensk uranium mine

Priargunskoye will have to raise uranium production in the Krasnokamensk area from 3160 to 5000 t/a U in 2015. This shall be accomplished by new production from No.6 mine (1000 t/a) and No.8 mine (400 t/a). 15 billion rubles [US$ 580 million] of investments were necessary to develop and modernize the mining enterprise, according to head of Rosatom nuclear agency Sergey Kiriyenko. The explored uranium reserves in the Chita region comprise 144 thousand tons and prospecting can add another 40 thousand tons. (RIA Novosti May 31, 2007; Itar Tass June 1, 2007)

TVEL seeks funding for extension of Krasnokamensk uranium mine

TVEL has applied to the Russian Economic Development and Trade Ministry for an allocation of 4.2 billion rubles [US$ 155 million] over four to five years from the Investment Fund to finance uranium mining at the Priargun mining complex in the Chita region, in particular the No.6 mine, "which will be developing this year and in the years to come." The investment in Priargun will total 5.6 billion rubles [US$ 207 million], of which TVEL will provide 1.4 billion rubles [US$ 52 million]. (Interfax May 30, 2006)

Production to almost double

Under the Natural Resources Ministry's plan, production at the country's largest uranium producer, the Priargunsky plant in Krasnokamensk, is set to almost double from 3,300 tons to more than 5,500 tons per year. (Moscow Times Feb. 28, 2006)




Dalmatovkoye ISL mine, Kurgan

> View deposit info
> Opposition: Kurgan-Antiuran: OK · VK (in Russian)

Commissioning of pilot plant for scandium extraction started at Dalmatovkoye in situ leach uranium mine: At the central production site of JSC Dalur, commissioning of the pilot plant for the associated extraction of scandium has started. The first batch of finished products - scandium oxide - is planned to be received in June 2017.
After completion of commissioning, it is planned to produce up to 1.5 tons of scandium oxide per year. This raw material for the production of 53 tons of alumoscanium alloy, which is used, in particular, in the aviation and space industries. The holding already has agreements on the supply of finished products with a number of companies. (Atomredmetzoloto Apr. 25, 2017)

Pilot unit for scandium extraction launched at Dalmatovkoye in situ leach uranium mine: "Our laboratory studies showed that pregnant solutions contain 1 mg of scandium per 30 mg of uranium. [...]" - told Aleksey Starodumov, general director of JSC VNIPIpromtekhnologii. The pilot unit is designed for 400 kg capacity of rare earth metal per annum. (Atomredmetzoloto Nov. 2, 2015)
Pilot scandium extraction projects are scheduled to start in 2016. Total scandium production in Kurgan Oblast can reach up to 10 tons per year. Just as uranium, the rare earth metal will be transferred to the facilities of TVEL Fuel Company, a part of Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation, for subsequent use in the nuclear industry. (Atomredmetzoloto April 12, 2016)

Dalmatovkoye in situ leach uranium mine adds drying system for yellow cake output: A drying system for suspension of uranium compounds (yellow cake) has been put into operation at the main production facility of Dalur. Uranium compounds suspension humidity previously achieved by the company was up to 30%. After introduction of the modern drying technology, the humidity will drop to 2%.
Currently, the production line reached its design capacity - 120 kg of yellow cake per hour. This corresponds to the output of Dalur with account to the increase in mining production at Dalmatovskoye and Khokhlovskoye deposits. It should be noted that this year Dalur plans to produce 590 tons of uranium, and 600 tons in 2016.
(Atomredmetzoloto Sep. 28, 2015)

Pilot plant for rare earth recovery started at Dalmatovkoye uranium in situ leach mine: On February 19, 2013, a pilot plant was launched for the extraction of bulk concentrate of rare earth metals (REM) from productive solutions derived in the production of uranium by JSC "Dalur". The bulk rare earth metals concentrate will be sent to the hydrometallurgical plant of the company "Intermiks Met" in Lermontov for processing into the final product (99.9% of scandium oxide and aluminum-scandium alloy).
In 2012, 35 million rubles (US$ 1.16 million) were invested for the implementation of the project. In the years 2013-2023, the total investment should reach 500 million rubles (US$ 16.6 million). The production volume is planned to increase to 24.5 tonnes of concentrate in 2013, and to 134 tonnes in 2023. Consumers of the end product will be the aerospace industry in Russia and a number of Russian and foreign industrial holdings. (Atomredmetzoloto Feb. 19, 2013)

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Khiagda · Vitimsky

Vitimsky (Khiagda) ISL mine, Buryatia

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Capacity increase of calcination plant at Krasnokamensk for processing of yellow cake from Khiagda ISL mine:
> View here

Development of further ore deposits commences at Vitimsky ISL mine: Engineering and geological surveys for the construction of mining facilities have been started on the Kolichikan and Dybrynskoye deposits. (Atomredmetzoloto May 29, 2018)

ARMZ's Khiagda uranium mine spends US$ 87 million for social and economic development of district: Social and Economic Agreement on Cooperation was signed by Director General of Khiagda, JSC, Andrey Gladyshev and Head of Bauntovsky Evenk District Nikolay Kovalev. The enterprise will allocate 5 billion roubles [US$ 87 million] in order to provide sustainable social and economic development of the district. The funds will be directed to implementation of such socially important projects as acquisition of computer equipment for Municipal Budgetary Educational Institution Vitimskaya Secondary General Education School of Romanovka village, acquisition of furniture for Ogonyok kindergarten, repair and filling of internal roads in Romanovka and Bagdarin villages. (Atomredmetzoloto Mar. 21, 2018)

Development of new uranium deposit started at Vitimsky in situ leach uranium mine: The Bauntovskiy Evenky region of the Russian Republic of Buryatia began the development of Vershinnoye uranium deposit, the press office of Atomredmetzoloto holding announced.
Vershinnoye deposit is one of the eight deposits of the Khiagda ore field (the total reserves are estimated at 45 thousand tons of uranium), the development of which is carried out by JSC Khiagda, incorporated in Atomredmetzoloto holding company, Rosatom. Its reserves amount to 4,577 tons of uranium, the first metal is planned to be obtained in 2018.
Production Director of JSC Khiagda Andrey Gladyshev said that the company would build more than 1,200 production wells at Vershinnoye, 165 of them have already been drilled. (Construction.RU Mar. 27, 2017)

Comment invited on environmental impact assessment for Vitimsky in situ leach uranium mine: The environmental impact assessment in the implementation of activities for construction and operation of buildings and complexes designed for practicing the method of underground leaching of uranium deposits Khiagdinskoe ore field is open for comment. A public hearing will be held at Romanovka on Feb. 21, 2017.
Submit comments within 30 days from January 17, 2017.
> View JSC Khiagda release Jan. 17, 2017 (in Russian)
> Download environmental impact assessment (in Russian)

Development of additional ore deposits commences at Vitimsky ISL mine: JSC Khiagda has commenced development of Istochnoye uranium deposit on Khiagdinskoye ore field, Bauntovsky Evenki region of the Republic of Buryatia. So far the Company has been developing only Khiagdinskoye deposit at Khiagdinskoye ore field, with reserves of 10,849 tons of uranium. The launch of on-site sulfuric acid plant has allowed to commence development of other deposits.
Until the end of 2015, it is planned to drill 152 production wells, each about 200 m deep. Reserves of Istochnoye deposit amount to 2055 tons of uranium. The first metal is expected to be produced in late 2016.
"At the same time, we are preparing for the development of Vershinnoye deposit with confirmed resources of 4577 tons of uranium. This is a very attractive deposit with good quality of reserves,"- said chief geologist of Khiagda Andrey Gladyshev. Production at Vershinnoye will start in 2017. (ARMZ Sep. 11, 2015)

Vitimsky ISL mine gradually increasing production: "From 2015 to 2018, we will gradually commence operations at deposits of Istochnoye and Vershinnoye fields. If in 2014 JSC Khiagda produced 442 tons of uranium, in 2015 finished products output will reach 508 tons. Hopefully by 2018 we will be able to fully load the new equipment and annually produce 1,000 tons of the metal needed by the country" said General Director of JSC Khiagda Alexei Dementiev. (ARMZ May 19, 2015)

New deposits under development for in situ leaching at Vitimsky mine: Russian uranium mining company Khiagda aims to start mining the Istochnoye and Vershinnoye uranium deposits from 2016 and 2017, respectively. The company is preparing to build access roads, power transmission lines and infrastructure facilities at the Istochnoye deposit, which has known uranium resources of 2,055 tonnes. The Vershinnoye deposit has known uranium resources of 4,577 tonnes. Commissioning of the main production building and a workshop for the production of sulfuric acid allows JSC Khiagda to increase the output of final product to a thousand or more tons of metal per year. (World Nuclear News/ARMZ Aug. 19, 2014)

In 2013, JSC Khiagda produced 440 tonnes of uranium. (Atomredmetzoloto Dec. 25, 2013)

In 2010, JSC Khiagda produced 135.1 tonnes of uranium by in situ leaching. (Atomredmetzoloto Oct. 25, 2011)

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Uzbekistan   flag

General · Navoi
> See also Issues for: New Mining Projects · Decommissioning Projects · Legislation & Regulations
> See also Data for: Deposits, Proposed and Active Mines · Old Mines and Decommissioning


India signs agreement with Uzbekistan on uranium import

India and Uzbekistan signed an agreement on importing uranium from the Central Asian nation following a bilateral meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on the sidelines of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019 here on Friday [Jan. 18]. The two sides also signed an agreement for a line of credit of $200 million from India for financing housing and social infrastructure projects in Uzbekistan.
"Both leaders witnessed the exchange of the contract between the Department of Atomic Energy of India and the Novoi Minerals and Metallurgical Company of the Republic of Uzbekistan on long-term supply of uranium ore concentrate for India's energy requirements," the External Affairs Ministry said in a statement. (IANS Jan. 18, 2019)

Minister of State for Atomic Energy Jitendra Singh said yesterday that India has signed a long term contract with Uzbekistan on 18 January 2019 for supply of 1,100 Metric Tons of natural uranium ore concentrates during the years 2022 to 2026. (Indus Dictum Nov. 29, 2019)

India in talks with Uzbekistan to create uranium reserve

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Uzbekistan to supply 2,000 tonnes of uranium to India

State-owned Navoi Mining & Metallurgy Combine of Uzbekistan has signed up to supply 2,000 tons of uranium ore concentrate to India over the next four years (2014-2018). In September 2013, an agreement on the supply of uranium was reached. (AKIpress Aug. 27, 2014)

Uzbekistan to increase uranium exports to South Korea

Uzbekistan is going to increase uranium exports to South Korea. It is expected that the flows will almost double from three hundred to five hundred tons per year. A draft contract to be signed in September 2014 has been reportedly prepared. State-owned Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power will import uranium.
In mid-2012, Uzbekistan and South Korea have already reached similar agreement. They agreed to supply supply over five thousand tons of uranium from the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine, which is the only industrial complex producing uranium in Uzbekistan. (AKIpress June 24, 2014)

Uzbekistan exports 1,663 t of uranium to China in 2013

According to the Chinese General Administration of Customs, Uzbekistan's uranium supply in China in 2013 amounted to 1,663 tons - twice more than in 2012. (AKIpress Feb. 13, 2014)



Production shortfall at Navoi uranium processing plant

The Navoi Mining and Metals Plant produced 2,260 tonnes of uranium in 2006, which is 1.8% less than in 2005 (2,301 tonnes), an Uzbek government source told Interfax. The decline in the uranium production was due to lack of financing and technological problems resulting from it, the source said. In particular, there were irregularities in the production of sulfuric acid, which is used in uranium production, the source said. (Interfax Jan. 9, 2007)
Uranium production at Uzbekistan's Navoi Mining and Metals Plant could be reduced by 1.8% in 2006 from the 2,301 tonnes of uranium in 2005, a source in government circles told Interfax. "According to forecasts, uranium mining this year could fall by approximately 40 tonnes due to technical problems of an industrial nature and insufficient funding," the source said. (Interfax Dec. 8, 2006)

Navoi plant regains nearly full uranium output

After a production cut back by 23% in 2003, the Navoi uranium processing plant regained nearly full output (500 t) in the first quarter of 2004. The 2003 cut back had been caused from shortage of sulfuric acid supply and from worn equipment. The production increase had been possible with an upgrading of the sulfuric acid plant and the replacement of old equipment in the processing plant, financed by a $6 million loan said to be provided by Nukem Inc. (USA). (Interfax April 20, 2004)

Navoi plans new attempt to raise uranium production

Uzbekistan is aiming to boost uranium mine-output (from 2,100 tonnes in 2002) 40% to 3,000 tonnes annually by 2010. (Interfax 23 Oct. 2003)

More than 50% Capacity Increase at Navoi plant planned

Details of a US$1 billion programme to modernise gold and uranium producer Navoi Integrated Mining and Metallurgical Plant have been announced. The project would include new equipment enabling uranium production to increase from the current 2000 tU/yr to between 3000 and 3500 tU/yr within two years. Discussions on the joint venture being set up by Navoi and Nukem are reported to be nearing completion. [UI News Briefing 96/27]

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