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Radiation Exposure from Depleted Uranium Weapons

(work in progress - last updated 8 Sep 2004)


> see also:

Persons Affected from Depleted Uranium Weapons

Source Term

The depleted uranium (DU) used by the U.S. Department of Defense contains approx. 0.2% U-235 and 0.003% of U-236 [AEPI1995]. The DU penetrators are made of an alloy of 99.25 weight-% of depleted uranium and 0.75 weight-% of titanium.

Exposure of Persons Affected


[AEPI1995] Health and Environmental Consequences of Depleted Uranium Use in the U.S.Army: Technical Report . Army Environmental Policy Institute, Atlanta, Georgia 1995, 200+ p.

[BTF1999] UNEP/UNCHS Balkans Task Force (BTF): The potential effects on human health and the environment arising from possible use of depleted uranium during the 1999 Kosovo conflict. A preliminary assessment. 76 p., Geneva, October 1999
> Download full text (589k, PDF format)

[DOE1999] Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Alternative Strategies for the Long-Term Management and Use of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride, DOE-EIS-0269, U.S. DOE, Germantown MD, April 1999
> Download PEIS from ANL or DOE EH

[FGR12] U.S. EPA: Federal Guidance Report No. 12: External Exposures to Radionuclides in Air; Water; and Soil, EPA 402-R-93-081, September 1993
> download full text (1081k - PDF format)
> online lookup of FGR 12 dose factors for external exposure
> download database DFEXT of FGR 12 dose factors, contained in the DFACT package
[The FGR 12 dose factors are based on ICRP26. The DFEXT software also allows computing of the effective dose according to ICRP60: these values have been used here.]

[ICRP60] 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, ICRP Publication 60, Oxford 1991

[WHO2004] World Health Organization: WHO Guidelines for drinking-water quality, third edition, 2004

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